He also started to employee an army which was soon known as the Akal Sena which means army of the immortal and built a fort called Akal Takht (throne of the immortal).” (54). Many of the lay people thoughts crowns would be more suitable for kings rather than saintly figures like gurus. Throughout the readings, it is mentioned how all the arguments in the debate related back to how the image of previous gurus were in the Sikh community, what a guru meant to people how is he portrayed and how should he act. The main question was whether the audience wanted a transformed version of the guru, or would they want a guru to stick to what they were always used to seeing
Stefan Zweig’s Castellio against Calvin (1936) narrates the story of how John Calvin takes over Geneva not only by imposing his tyrant and fanatic religious beliefs but also by proclaiming himself as highest figure of the city. Consequently, Calvin closed the previous Protestant period established by Martin Luther. Zweig is believed to have written this book as a parallelism of Hitler’s dictatorship in Germany (without any explicit word on Adolf Hitler) so that he could tell his contemporaries how an autocrat gets to the most absolute power over a territory. Therefore, Castellio against Calvin is provided with different steps that lead to a totalitarian way of ruling Geneva, also known as dictatorship. This essay is focused on explaining every single move made by Calvin to get to the power.
Enlightenment?” Between the 18th and 19th centuries, two considerable revolutions reflected the ideals of the Enlightenment.Though these ideals played a substantial role in both revolutions, they were more significantly shown in the American Revolution. The French Revolution began with intentions following the Enlightenment ideals but ended up with strong feelings of fear driving the people rather than princples. Enlightenment ideals heavily emphasized the importance and rights of each individual, white man; these were called natural rights. These ideals encompassed popular sovereignty where the opinions of the majority were emphasized. The Enlightenment continued the ideas of the Scientific Revolution in which there was a great emphasis on human reasoning and how it could answer questions about nature; in the Enlightenment, people believed that human reasoning could be used to solve any issues in society or politics.
King Akbar was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane. In abolishing the jizya tax on Hindus and other non-muslims and appointing them to high government and military posts, he was the first Muslim ruler to win the trust, loyalty, and love of his subjects from all religions. Akbar set an example, one that defined him as one of the greatest rulers in history; an individual did not have to be Muslim in order to be treated fairly in the Mughal empire. In today’s world, we can see how Akbar’s ideals are inconsistent with the current discrimination and violence against people of different religious communities, especially in Pakistan and Afghanistan, lands he once used to rule. Called to the throne at the age of thirteen after his father’s death, Akbar inherited very little since his father had been driven from power and had only managed to regain it in the last couple of months before he died.
Dantès is shown to create his identities, not due to the growth of science, but in order to become part of the development of culture in France after the events of the Revolutionary Wars. Creators are shown to have brought their creations into existence due to these progressions of science and culture, which displays the construction of new identities as an almost inevitable occurrence in society. The exploration of self, mankind’s need to feel in control, and desire for justice are displayed as natural urges and therefore the events in the novels are shown to be, albeit exaggerated, universal truths. ‘Frankenstein’ for instance, quickly became a myth as it drew on the tale of Prometheus, whilst ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ helped fuel theories about Jack the Ripper. Dantès in ‘Monte Cristo’ represents humankind as a whole as his desire for revenge is displayed as something held by all humans in their psyche.
Louise Erdrich contrast reservation life with mainstream American life in the 1970’s by discussing the concept of war or warrior. American life in the 1970’s, consisted of the United States drafting many men to fight in the Vietnam War. In reservation life being a warrior is a tradition in the Native American culture, as one, these men embraced the honor of their tribe and proved themselves as men. As warriors, they offer their life to make certain of their people’s survival (ultimate sacrifice). In the Native American community facing demise in clash is a mystic rite of passage.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Mahaja ranjit singh ancestors had firm belief in gurus so self respect, valor, and the will to fight against tyranny were in his blood. Ranjit Singh 's great grandfather Saradar Budh Singh had taken Baptism (when a person starts following a guru and wear turban then heis made to drink a bowl full of holy water) from the tenth guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh. Sardar budh singh fought so many battles against MUGHAL Emperors. there were 39 deep scars of swords, spears and bullets on his body. Ranjit singh 's grandfather Sardar Chadhat singh too was a greatwarrior.
Rama insists that all the vanaras who were killed in the war be resurrected before Lakshmana. Behaving ethically has already been dealt with. Rama realizes the concepts of Servant leadership by making service to his followers his life’s motto and providing concrete support to their physical, emotional and spiritual needs as well as subordinating his personal happiness to that of his subordinates. They in turn treat the leader as the role model and willingly expend all efforts in living up to his example and reach their potential. Though Greenleaf propounded servant leadership theory in the 20th century, Rama has shown how to walk the talk long
This chapter will discuss the journey of King Ken Arok in building Singasari kingdom and assess his life story as depicted in Kitab Pararaton according to Joseph Campbell’s outline of Hero’s Journey. The epic hero of Kitab Pararaton is Ken Arok, an incarnation of Wisnu who was born of a poor widow. Through ups and downs and a lot of crime-committing, Ken Arok succeeded in becoming the first king who built the Singasari Kingdom. Unfortunately, his past of hurting people to achieve what he was ‘destined’to do finally caught up to him and made him pay the price. Ken Arok was stabbed to death by his stepson, Anusapati, using a magical blade that the former once used to kill other people after Anusapati learned the fact that Ken Arok was not his biological father.
Their dilemmas are eternal quest for self-realization and fulfilment of a spiritual and cultural identity which distinctly reflect Indian overtones. The novel, The Apprentice (1974) is a stark exposure of the sordid social corruption and a powerful indictment of the tyranny of bureaucratic organization that depersonalizes man. The story takes off at the time when all the Indian leaders were arrested as a result of the Quit India Movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi. Attainment of freedom has been the singular motto of the Indians for which, a weapons like non-violence, sacrifice, satyagraha are used. Ratan’s father, who noticed Gandhi’s greatness, gives up lucrative practice and plunges into the freedom struggle.