While the construction of the canal began in his father’s lifetime, Yangdi completed it. This canal was used to “facilitated trade between northern and southern China” (Bentley, et al. 758; ed. 2) and to communicate. In addition to this “he strengthened China’s northern border by rebuilding, at great expense, the Great Wall separating China from Inner Asia” (Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, britannica.com) thus strengthening its defenses.
The relations between Chinese and Nomadic people to the North shaped Chinese dynasties by allowing the Song to maintain a well-organized and productive army. The Grand Canal was also originally created because of the Nomadic people to the North, and it ultimately, allowed to migration and commercial
Imagine being put to death for reading. During the Qin Dynasty anyone who read something the government didn't approve of was either quartered, cut into four pieces, or beheaded. Qin Shi Huangdi was a major turning point in history because he succeeded in unifying the empire, standardizing the writing system, the monetary system, length measurements, which in doing ensured that he built a lot of infrastructure. He also implemented Legalism, the use of Legalism pushed the subjects to have large projects, those construction projects helped the big region prosper later.
In the text there was a quote that said, “It is also important to note that the beautiful, winding, Great wall that we all have in our minds……” which states many things about glory and beauty. The Great wall can attract new people and contribute to China’s beauty and glory. Even with the Great wall, with the benefits come costs. An extreme ocst that people faced was death.
The Mongols reached broad extents of land, having four Khanates in Russia, Persia, Central Asia, and China, creating contacts with other parts of the known world(Document A). Because of this, public relations associating trade and commerce were set in motion. The Mongols traded among Asia and Europe for centuries during their establishment, and it was what initially led them to subdue China(Document I). While it is recognizable that the conquest of China was through terrorism, attaining that area opened numerous doors for commerce. As China was a treasure to travelers such as Marco Polo, the Great Khan Kubilai welcomed the traveler to bring Christians with him(Document H).
They conquered nearly all of Asia and achieved the dream of controlling the continental caravan routes from China to Persia (Doc J). The Mongol Empire made significant contributions to the political institutions, economic development, and cultural diversity of many lands (Doc J). In both China and Persia the Mongols had taken up homes among their subjects and blended with the local societies which led to the diversified economic development (Doc J). Mongol emperors built canals to improve transportation and communication also the silk industry benefited from the Mongol conquest. When visited by travelers the Mongols were known to have harsh laws on theft make them very trustworthy to trade with (Doc K).
The River Valley Civilizations of ancient China, Egypt and Mesopotamia were crucial contributions to future civilizations. They invented new ways of writing, laws to help keep civilization and society just and controlled and developed trade routes to help spread cultural diffusion. In documents 1 & 4, they talk about the two different types of writing, cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Cuneiform was the world’s first written language, created over 5,000 years ago by Sumerians.
As shown, the letter of instructions that President Thomas Jefferson wrote to Meriwether Lewis clearly states his plans for buying more western territory in acts of expanding the United States. Both Lewis and Clark as well as the 25 men accompanying them in the journey have a sense of honor, knowing that what they are contributing to, are in acts of building up the United States Empire. After the Expedition took place, the U.S. had more reasons to act upon expansion towards the west due to understanding of the region. A decade before Manifest Destiney took place, the Lewis and Clark Expedition was one of the many attributes that led to the beliefs of Manifest Destiney and why it took
In Rome, Augustus started off with a defensive mindset by setting Rome’s borders at geographical boundaries. Gaozu, the first emperor in the Han dynasty, was also defensive and sent gifts and princesses to the Xiongnu barbarians of the north. However, in both places, there were some leaders who continued to expand, like Trajan the Roman emperor, who expanded into the region of Dacia in 106 C.E. and also conquered all of Mesopotamia. Gaozu’s son, Wu, notoriously went after the Xiongnu and continued to take more lands. Both the Hans and the Romans would have to deal with weak borders and pour money into defense and the military which increased taxes.
This cultural background fueled his perspective of China during the late 1200s. In his travel account Marco Polo writes about commercial trade. Marco Polo finds abundance of silk, spice, fruit,
Before the 1800s, there were two early roads, Forbes and Wilderness Road. In 1811, the National Road known as Cumberland Road was built to reach Western settlements, because they needed a road to ship farm products that connect East and West. The National Road passed thousand of wagons and coaches. John F. Stover states in American Railroads, “The rich agricultural production of the country, the small but expanding factories of eastern cities, and the largely untapped natural resources of the nation-all of these called for improvements in transport. ”(Stover1)
During the Modern Era, Western Europe, Russia, East and South Asia were expanding across not only land but an ocean away from their homeland. Each empire had different reasons for their expansion. Western Europe, Russia, East and South Asia had common motives for expansion, including geography and economy. Western Europeans had several motives for expanding their empires to the Americas including competition, and wanting to legitimize their power. Eurasian empires were competing to gain the Americas but since Western Europe was geographically the closest, they had the biggest advantages.
The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.
In order to understand the similarities of how order was in the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the beginnings of each empire should be understood. Before the Han Dynasty rose, the Qin Dynasty, which overtaxed their citizens and regulated their laws by censoring education (burning books). The Roman Empire started out as a city-state which began to conquer neighboring regions, such as Italy, and expanded through warfare. However, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both created order in society by having an agrarian economy, ideologies, and establishing an authority that shaped social structures. The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy.
Between 100 CE and 300 CE, the Han Dynasty had set important cultural foundations, such as Confucianism, constant, which lasted even after the rule of the Dynasty due to literature. The cultural changes led to a period of peace and economic prosperity; however, the political changes, such as unequal control of land between the rich and poor, had resulted in the Empire’s collapse by 220 CE, and it led to the Three Kingdoms Period (ends in 280 CE). The interior government was corrupt because of the civil service exams and the outer court system. Wealthy people had taken advantage of their power in order to get power. The court systems and the elite class became more focused on the luxuries of ruling rather than the duties of ruling.