Rome from 71 BCE to 476 BCE and Han China from 206 BCE to 220 BCE are two very well-known classical empires. These two empires have similarities and differences in their political systems, religion, and social structure. The romans had a democratic government whereas China had a singular ruler. Imperial Rome was monotheistic and Han China was polytheistic. While they both had similar class structures, China had a three tiered social system and the Romans only had two divisions in their class structure.
Both civilizations felt that they should radically change their initial system of monarchy to a form of democracy, in order to better fit the needs of their people. However, ancient Greece, unlike ancient Rome, was at one point ruled by an oligarchy, until their citizens became uneasy with the manner in which they were governed. Keeping the peace among their people seemed to be on the back burner, as they attempted to strengthen ties between Greek city states to defeat the Romans in their mutual quest to expand their borders. This is important to note since the Hellenistic era of Greece, occuring during Rome’s later republic age, saw Greek influence to be at the highest it has historically ever been (Giotto 1). Moreover, the conclusion of the Hellenistic era is known to have been brought about by the Romans in the Hellenistic war.
Ancient Greece was devided in two periods: Hellenistic and Classical Greece. The Hellenistic period covers the time of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the passing of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the rise of the Roman Empire as connoted by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the consequent triumph of Ptolemaic Egypt the next year. Classical Greece was a time of around 200 years ( 5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture. This Classical period saw the addition of quite a bit of cutting edge Greece by the Persian Empire and its resulting autonomy. Classical Greece affected the Roman Empire and on the establishments of western human advancement.
This was one weakness among the strengths of the Romans as they promoted the rule of law. The Roman Republic did a moderate job meeting the common good, but there were several areas that could have used improvement. They should have treated their Auxiliary soldiers fairly, and made sure that their laws treated everyone equally. The Roman Republic also should have had safer entertainment that didn’t force people to fight to the death. Although Ancient Romans didn’t do everything in their power to meet the common good, they still became a very powerful empire and controlled
The Ancient Greek, Persian, and Roman empires each influenced each other's way of life through a myriad conflicts and innovations. Each empire underwent cultural innovation through artistic expression. Each three empires had their own unique governmental structures, and expanded their empires. Lastly, internal conflicts among within the Roman, and Sassanian Empires coerced both empires to shift to monotheism. Ultimately, each empire fate was predicated upon its relations with one another.
It makes sense that there would be similarities in the way Athenians and Romans treated women because Rome and Athens were more alike culturally, particularly when in comparison to Sparta. The Romans borrowed a lot of philosophical and political ideas from Athens, and attempted to improve upon them. Though I do find it interesting when comparing the three that the society that valued battle gave women more rights than the societies that were supposed to value thinking and logic. I think ultimately it comes down to what was most beneficial to the (male dominated) society at the time: it was to the benefit of the Spartans that women were strong and healthy so they could produce more strong and healthy (male) babies to become warriors. It would not have been to the benefit of Athens and Rome to educate women and give them more rights because that would mean reevaluation of accepted norms and allowing women a place in government and
The Assyrian empire and the Persian empire were two of the earliest major empires in the world. The Assyrians came in to power first, ruling from 900 BC to about 600 BC and with the help of Cyrus the Great, the Persians rose to power around 550BC. The Assyrian and Persian militaries shared many similarities, but they also differed in some aspects. Some of their similarities include their battle tactics, the organization of their armies, and their success in conquering societies. One of the major differences that stood out the most was that the Assyrians used a more brutal approach when conquering and the Persians used a more enlighten approach and were more tolerant.
Ancient Greece can be characterized into several distinct periods, each embodying their own unique traits and characteristics. Two of the most prominent eras are the Classical Period- a time of Greek intellectual growth and discovery - and the sequential Hellenistic period, characterized by the spread of Greek culture into surrounding areas. These two periods are separated by the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, causing the disunion of a once powerful and widespread nation. Because Greek culture had been so prominent, and Alexander’s rule so influential, many aspects from Ancient Greece’s Classical Period carried over into the new era. These continuities includes the presence of conflict, the use of novel Greek military formations, and grandiose architecture.
Social structure was different as well the Yellow rivers was divided into four territories ruled by Aristocratic warlords but those four warlords were ruled by the king. Although they had more than one leader the civilization was an autocracy. As for the Egyptian river civilization their social structure was a little more complex they had a king, a ruling class, craftsman, farmers, marginalized groups, and slaves. Their religious beliefs are similar yet different both civilizations believe in multiple gods
Ancient Civilizations of the ancient world have explained a lot of things in our present days, but what makes it so great is that it’s architecture. The ancient Greek and Ancient Roman are very rich and variable history and culture, but also they had similarities and differences The Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman civilizations had some differences although they are very close to each other. First, they had different social systems; the ancient Greek divided their social systems into five categories: slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women , and in the ancient Greek women were not given a position they were like to be less than slaves, but in the ancient Roman civilization they dived into four categories: freedmen, slaves, plebians and patricians, and women were considered citizen if they were not born into slavery, however they were not able to hold any position or vote. Second, The ancient Greek created and developed the three famous classical orders which is Doric, Ionic and Corinthian, On the other hand Ancient Roman took the classical order with making minor differences and created the arch and used it in their buildings. Third, The ancient Greek people focused of their lives, never planning on life in after death, but Ancient Roman people believed that if they were ideal and model citizens they could become god in afterlife, But ancient Roman expanded by conquer but the Ancient Greek were sea traders, Another difference that the