The ancient Romans and ancient Greeks both had unique religious beliefs that impacted their lives. While their beliefs were unique to their culture, they also shared some similarities. Religion in ancient Rome included a variety of beliefs integrated together. Ancient Rome was the birthplace of Christianity, but they also worshipped other gods similar to ancient Greece. Ancient Rome was the most relgious people in history.
Without their ability to read and write, along with their location which allowed them to communicate with other diverse cultures, modern philosophers, mathematicians, and scientists would not have the records of ancient Greek philosophies. Of course, many other cultures from around the world have impacted modern philosophy in some way. However, they did not come into the situation until far later than the Greeks. All in all, the ancient Greeks do not get enough credit for all they have done for not only the ancient world, but the modern world as well. Although some of their ideas and philosophies have since been proven wrong, even their most seemingly ridiculous theories helped develop the philosophies and science we know
From 600 b.c.e to 200 c.e 2 empires with distinct political, religious and social structures were formed in Han China and Classical Greece. The Han dynasty differed greatly with Classical Greece in how it governed, what they believed and its social structures which lead to it being able to sustain a much larger population and last for a much large period of time compared to classical; Greece. To begin the Han dynasty continued the centralized government begun by their predecessors the Qin dynasty by having a monarchy however there were still regional governments. This differed greatly from the political structures in greece because in greece governments were organized in city states and many city states ran things completely different form others.
The Han Dynasty in China and the Roman Empire shared many similarities and differences when it came to political rule and the nature of their political authority. The most significant difference between the two is how the Han dynasty enacted policies that were shaped to counter the wrongdoings of the previous Qin dynasty, whereas the Roman Empire enacted policies shaped to create and promote peace and stability. The difference in the two empire’s coming to power was to account for their variance in political rule. After the Qin dynasty, the Han ruled China for four centuries, enacting numerous political changes and governing one of the most efficacious dynasties in Chinese history.
The Egyptian Middle Kingdom and Babylonia had many similarities related in geography. Despite this they also had numerous distinct differences. Fundamental similarities manifested as care for the people by the rulers which had recently developed in both societies. As the rulers were no longer concerned with only themselves, but the citizens as well. Both societies had military protection although Babylon organized and conquered the Fertile Crescent and later Egypt.
Ancient Greek and ancient Rome are often confused with one another even though there are great differences between the two. Both countries are Mediterranean but have social class differences, different mythology, different life values and different architectural concepts. It is said that much of what Rome used in everyday life was taken from the ancient Greek civilization as the ancient Greek civilization started 5th century BC. And it was not till hundreds of years later that the roman civilization started. Cities in Ancient Greece were differentiated by hills.
It’s unique anyways within the Geek and Roman architecture that they evolved to be a great accomplish for a long time, where seriously they look indistinguishable. On the other hand that doesn’t mean that they are not different from each other, contrary each of them has a personality and a way to view its style. As we know that the Greek architecture had developed firstly, so it must had influenced the Roman architecture, and that’s what had happened, even though they were affected exceptionally by the Greeks, however they looked for a separate distinguished personality. In the meantime, we’ll see all over the essay the similarities and differences between both civilizations, including the building types, the techniques, and materials used, style and art.
When it came to women in ancient Egypt and ancient Rome, there is no denying that such a contrast between their statuses existed. Their positions and privileges in their respective societies differed, though Roman women were not confined to their homes and social status, they were throughout their lives subject to the authority of their fathers and husbands, unlike Egyptian women who did not require a male guardian to act on her behalf. Per conclusion, after comparing the different aspects of these women’s lives, it is evident, though they both did not share an equal status with the males in their society, ancient Egyptian women did enjoy more freedom and equal treatment, as opposed to ancient Roman
The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders. The Pentelic marble, bronze, gold, and ivory are the basic media used in this construction.
For example, the government of Rome developed The Twelve Tables around 450 BCE, and the Corpus Juris Civilis around 525 AD. These documents were a part of the Roman legal system that described laws
The Mayan society was the oldest of the societies and was more ornate. The reason I would not enjoy this is because the Mayans were very ritual. The Aztecs, like the Mayans were very ritual and sacrifice people to their god. Again there is to many rituals for me in the Aztecs beliefs.
Although the two city-states of Greece carried different motives they were both thought of as thinkers who loved beauty and multiple forms of art. Culture is one thing the two city states seemed to differ in greatly. Athens was thought to be a more progressive city-state. It’s known for art, architecture, drama, science advancements, philosophy, as well as literature. Though they were advanced in all of these fields they were behind on the rights of women.
The common view in ancient societies was often that this was a world of men; that women were inferior. There’s often debate on the role of women in society, but in reality, women play an important role in any type of society, whether it is good or bad. Women in ancient Greece, China, and the Roman Empire were able to exercise influence into their culture despite the discrimination toward them. Although each society was different, women shared similar influences in their power, and restrictions in the aspect of marriage. Although most of these ancient cultures viewed women similarly, of these three locations, the women in the Roman Empire had it best.
Athens and Sparta both felt very strongly that their city state was more superior, and there was always some tension or level of distrust between the two city states. This eventually led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E), and Athens’ navy lost toward Sparta’s army. Spartan life was mainly focused on obedience and war, while Athens focused on participating in their democracy. Spartan women were more independent and had greater power in the household, unlike Athenian women. Finally, Athens was a “democracy,” while Sparta was an oligarchy.