The Age of Enlightenment was the time period when many people started to think in a new and unique ways. The Enlightenment grew from the earlier scientific revolution. Many of the developed ideas and thoughts during the Enlightenment changed the ideas of Europe during the 18th century, and even many modern societies were influenced by them. It mainly influenced three things, the politics or government, society or culture, and economy. It inspired the creation of the world’s first great democracy.
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
Those who were considered as general leaders of the Enlightenment years were thought to be very intellectual and were held by most people in the highest regard throughout the colonial society. Some of the more common names spoken back then were of men such as “John Locke, Voltaire, Adam Smith, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison” (Sage, 2013, para. 3). Jean-Jacques Rousseau was another prominent thinker as well. He believed that all “individuals had natural rights to life, liberty, and property, which even a king or pope could not deny” (Schultz, 2010, p. 69).
Later being added to his works, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, becoming the “Father of Liberalism”. Locke’s ideas from the Two Treatises of Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, were based upon the natural rights where power comes from the people. Both of his pieces contributed to revolutions, most importantly the American Revolution as power from monarchies was removed and democracies were created. Allowed for limited government power and all obligations were to the citizens. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding basis was on how the knowledge existence of God, certain moral truths, and laws of logic or mathematics pertained to the natural rights of
Kings and Queens were essential and brought goodness to the land. "We behold kings seated upon the throne of the Lord, bearing in their hand the sword which God himself has given them" (Document 5). If God himself sent these rulers to lead, why wouldn 't they be prosperous? This is the question many from this time period asked. Absolutism was good for them because their God put the monarchs in charge and gave them his power.
Since the ancient times the research of a ‘Just’ society has always been linked with the Natural Law, a corpus of eternal, universal, and immutable rules, as the Nature, valid for everyone. The precursor of the Human Rights can be located in the Natural Rights theorized during the Renaissance humanism. Even if some rights had already been recognized, or affirmed in ancient and previous times, they were strongly connected to some divine power or religion. Nonetheless there are some precedent examples of interest. The Magna Charta signed in 1215 by that King John of England, who committed himself to respect, contained among others in its list , the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property, to be protected from excessive taxes,
Jefferson explains some of the King’s actions to make them submit to him. These are some of the reason why the Colonist have decided to break their bonds with Britain. Another example is: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it. Jefferson uses repetition by using same words to educate the King with what they believe in and hoping that these beliefs are enough for the King to agree with the decision of the Colonists to break apart from them without causing any bloodshed.
Families were torn apart as a measure to ultimately bring this country together. To be free also came with other obstacles such as cutting off trade with other countries and suffering persecution from the King of Great Britain but both men still believed in the cause and their dreams of a nation “under God.” The language in the Declaration of Independance was so powerful because it showed citizens they still had a chance of freedom. Thomas Jefferson quotes in his script “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.” That was a powerful language, especially to all the men who were fighting for our freedoms. Another one of his quotes “Give me liberty or give me death” was a quote he was admired for. He was basically making the point that if he couldn’t have liberty then it would be better just to give him
The answers of these riddles could be revealed by applying pure thought by means of certain evidence. This he could understand by the constitution of elements of the nature. This was the same deep ingrained belief in the natural laws that went on to influence so many thinkers in a spectrum of academia including the Enlightenment
By the 1780s, the British Industrial Revolution, which had been developing for several decades, began to accelerate further; technology changed. The economic transformation brought about the British industrial revolution along with social reformation (Sparknotes.com, n.d.). But, not everyone was happy with this change. The poets involved in the Romantic Movement were critical about the Industrial Revolution. They reacted to the philosophy that man could employ science to control the earth the way he pleased.