If given the chance to save hundreds from a terrorist attack and all one had to do was carry out torture, would they do it? What if a young child was kidnapped and the police wanted permission to torture the kidnapper, would permission be granted? In “The Case for Torture” by Michael Levin, he explains that torture is sometimes necessary. I agree that torture could be necessary depending on the situation at hand. Levin explains that torture can be morally mandatory, justified, and can prevent future evils.
In Stanley Milgram’s “The perils of obedience” and Philip G. Zimbardo's “The Stanford Prison Experiment” the influence that authority holds is analyzed and tested in a variety of social experiments. Milgram asserts that any individual can excuse themselves from the responsibility of their role, regardless of how evil, on the grounds that there is someone ordering them to do so. However, Zimbardo claims that authority doesn’t have to be an individual, stating that anyone, be it a prison guard or a prisoner, will ultimately fill and perpetuate their assigned role as a result of authoritative factors and environments. However, the way in which both of the authors go to reaching these conclusions differs greatly.
Renowned psychologist and social experimenter Stanley Milgram once said that “obedience is the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose. It is the dispositional cement that binds men to systems of authority.” In other words, man succumbs to authority because it is rooted in his obedience to jurisdiction. An example of this is the American judicial system, which man is obedient to because that is what’s known. His political or societal purpose however is a learned behavior, or one that he matriculates from the dynamic of his culture.
In the research of Zimbardo’s prison experiment, lays an abundance of information regarding social structure and interaction. Philip G. Zimbardo, a psychologist and professor at Stanford University, conducted a dramaturgical analysis consisting of student volunteers within a prison simulation (zimbardo.socialpsychology.org). According to Kendall, a dramaturgical analysis is “the study of social interaction that compares everyday life to a theatrical presentation” (Kendall 145). Through this experiment, Zimbardo hypothesized that both prisoners and guards have inherent traits through their roles. The independent variables in the experiment were the ascribed roles given to the subjects.
The United States invasion of Iraq in 2003 was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by US Forces, but it seemed like freedom was the last thing on their minds. Abu Ghraib prison was an occupied Iraqi prison where the US Army held mass incarcerations and sponsored inmate torture. 2007 marked the year that a documentary titled “Ghosts of Abu Ghraib” was produced by HBO and directed by Rory Kennedy. This documentary showed the abuses and injustices inured to the Iraqi prisoners at the hands of the United States Soldiers. Although the guards at Abu Ghraib Prison Complex had personal reservations against the treatment of the prisoners, they were manipulated into authoritarianism by their overzealous obedience.
Through the horrible torture and humiliation that the victims endured at Abu Ghraib, Americans expressed their anger towards the Muslim race through abuse and torture. As ] we sit comfortable in our homes watching TV, playing video games, relaxing, there are people who are having severe pain inflicted upon them in prisons in the Middle East, one of the worst of these prisons being Abu Ghraib. Abu Ghraib is a prison that is located on 280 acres of land twenty miles west of Baghdad that was shut down in April of 2014 (CNN). The CIA committed many acts of human rights violations in Abu Ghraib that included very inhuman methods of torture. Prior to 2003 the prison was used for detention purposes and did not have the level of inhuman acts going on as it did after 2003 till its close date.
As the rate of terrorism seems to increase, so does the need for national security. As most people try to kill hundreds for numerous reasons, what can we do to stop them. There are some ways, simple ways that our easy to pursue. This is called torture for the national security. This will help protect any nation's, and will scare the enemies into surrender.
Watching the “Rape at McDonalds” video was very disturbing. It was shocking to see how all the participants, except for the maintenance man, complied with the bizarre demands of the supposed police, especially Donna Jean Summers. As a manager, she should have known the policies of the company, as a reasonable person, she should had handled the situation in a different way. However, there are some psychological explanations for her behaviors. The law says that we must obey the authority; she believed that she was doing the right thing by following the others given by “the cop” even if the commands were very odd.
The psychology of obedience and authority “Keep quiet. Do your job.” We come across commands like this in our daily lives all the time, whether its in a workplace, an educational institution or even at home by our own parents. That’s fine and all but what’s interesting is that we follow these commands, these orders sometimes willingly, sometimes grudgingly and at times even blindly. Why do we do that?
Social groups have specific characteristic; they consist of two or more people who interact in an ordered fashion, share specific values and norms and have at least some sense of unity and common goals. One of the main influence that groups exercise over their members lives in their capacity to induce conformity the process through which modify their behavior to comply with the groups norm or decision. In this essay, we discuss some of the group conformity related experiments and their reflection in society.
Milgram says that obedience is caused by the shift of responsibility. A person will say that they were just following orders. The consequences should then not apply to them because it was not their fault. Could it be possible, that a person decides to hurt another person because of evil nature? Freud believed a person acts out aggression, because of a human’s animalistic instinct.
I was assigned to watch two films outside of class in criminology for this assignment. I have not ever been assigned to watch a film for any of my classes outside of class. So I thought to myself, this is going to be one of my least favorite assignments I have ever done. Little did I know, that this assignment would turn into one of my favorite assignments I have ever been asked to do. The first film was a film called “Zimbardo Speaks: The Lucifer Effect and the Psychology of Evil”.