And lastly, the British stripped the Americans of their rights and exploited them for much of their own possessions.
Taxes, which is still a commonly disagreed topic, were a major reason the people of France revolted. The members of the first estate were paying only a fraction of what the members of the third and event the second were. Arthur Young, a man who travelled through France from 1787 to 1789, made the observation that land owned by nobility and people of the upper class was taxed very little compared to the land owned by common citizens (Doc. 1). This injustice took a great toll on members of the third estate and
Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Portfolio In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens.
There were four main revolutions taken place and they were known as the Atlantic Revolutions including the North American Revolution from 1775 to 1787, French Revolution from 1789 to 1815, Haitian Revolution from 1791 to 1804, and Spanish Revolution from 1810 to 1825. These revolutions arise due to the oppression of people towards the political issues and injustice to the different class of people in the society. Also, the revolutions originated to the weak political authorities, especially the ruler. For the American Revolutions, the Americans opposed the political issues and the weak government.
However, Americans were able to succeed because of their quick increase in population and economy. One of France’s financial problems came from the money they loaned America during the war. Arthur Young traveled throughout France and saw that “lands held by the nobility are taxed very little [and] lands held by commoners are taxed heavily” (Doc B). This comes back to the idea of inequality and how the government supported a class system in France that negativly affects the third estate. Because commoners’ land was taxed so much, they were unable to feed themselves.
There are different types of revolutions all around the world. English, American, French, and Latin Revolutions are one the most important ones that happened. These revolutions all have something in common. All of them emphasize the enlightenment idea of freedom. Although all of these revolutions started differently they ended up making a change.
The French Revolution was the third estate’s fight against the government of France in an attempt to get rid of unfair taxation and their bad leader, Louis XIV. It happened because there was a bad harvest, financial crisis, other countries and areas were introducing democracies, Louis XVI was a bad leader, and society itself was unfair. The goals of the revolutionaries were to gain a say in government, have a more equal divide in social classes and their responsibilities, and to have a better ruler, which were not achieved for over 25 years. Because of this, the French Revolution was not a success, as the events and government in France that followed the revolution directly contradicted the main goals people fought for.
After three centuries of colonial rule, Spanish and Portuguese America got independence. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico remained under Spanish rule. This was the result of a combination of long-building tensions in colonial rule and a series of external events. The reforms imposed by the Spanish in the 18th century provoked great instability in the relations between the rulers and their colonial subjects in the Americas. Many Creoles felt Bourbon policy to be an unfair attack on their wealth, political power, and social status.
Similarly, thirteen years later when the French peasantry revolted against the French monarchy and aristocracy Price once more offered his political and moral support to the repressed citizens of the French political system. Just like the Americans in the previous decade, he believed that the revolutionaries may have been poorly armed and desperately hungry, but they carried with them a justification for their action that was based on morality and ethics which can be traced in Price's early theological writings. If there is such a thing as a 'good' revolution then both the American and French revolutions were just that. Thankfully Price didn't live to see the French model descend into the tyranny which would have had a profound effect on him.
The French donated funds to support the American patriots during the Revolution, so the French king demanded more taxes making the people of France extremely angry. It made it known that the French Revolution was possible. 3. The ruler of France at the time was King Louis XVI, and he was a timid and weak leader. So much debt had been accumulated since
The French Revolution came about after much financial and representational distress. Some of the goals these revolutionaries had were to overthrow the monarchy and create a representative republic, to provide equal representation for the Third Estate, and to abolish the noble-veto. Whether these goals were accomplished or not is left up to debate for many people. However, I think they were both successfully accomplished and failed at the same time. Essentially, the revolutionaries achieved what they were fighting for, but that only lasted a short time.
The autocratic monarchy, greedy leaders, lavish expenditure created political cause for the revolution. The French citizens wanted to change their country’s political views and long standing traditions. We have seen this in our own country lately. Socially it was a very miserable time.
With such an ideological basis, it becomes clear when one sets out to compare the French Revolution and American Revolution that people felt the need to be free from oppressive or tyrannical rule of absolute monarchs and have the ability to live independent from such forces. The leadership in both countries at the time of their revolutions was certainly repressive, especially in terms of taxation. Both areas suffered social and economic hardships that led to the realization that something must be done to topple the hierarchy and put power back into the hands of the people. While there are several similarities in
Hundreds of French soldiers fought for America and were inspired by the experience. The educated French wanted the same type of change the Americans fought for. The American Revolution was fantasized about because intellectuals were unsatisfied with their countries social order. Europeans The enlightenment played a big role in how people thought. This past movement inspired future generations of enlightened thinkers.