Farha, Syed Govt 2305 02/11/2018 LIBERTY VERSES RIGHTS The differences and similarities between civil rights and civil liberties are so similar that they can intertwine. Both terms work together to give individual security, confidence and support. 1 The term civil right means the rights of citizens to political and social freedom. 2 The term civil liberty means being subjected only to laws established for the good of the community especially with regards to freedom of action and speech. 3 Individual right protected by law from unjust government to other interactions.
An ex-ample is the 4th amendment, which is the right of the people to be secure in their houses and that papers against unreasonable searches and seizures are not to be violated. This amendment allows people to know that their houses are a secure place and that the government cannot come in at any time randomly to search. Civil rights are rights that are related to the duties of citizenship and for the participation op-portunities in civic life that the government is committed to protect. These rights are based upon the expectation of equality under the laws. A really concrete example of a civil right is the right to vote, because voting is a duty of citizenship and they should be participation.
Justice Harry A. Blackmun was chosen by the court to write the majority opinion. However, Blackmun argued that a majority opinion could not be decided yet because abortion rights were obscure in the constitution. In addition, the Court had not deliberated whether abortion was a fundamental right; therefore, Blackmun suggested that the court wait to rehear the case with all nine justices present to determine a definite opinion. On January 22, 1973, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane Roe and agreed that the Texas law was unconstitutional because women have the right to put an end to their pregnancy as guaranteed in the Due Process Clause, which secured the right to privacy. Overall, the Supreme Court stated that it was not in the interest of the state to make regulations regarding abortion rights in a woman’s first trimester of pregnancy and only licensed physicians were able to perform abortions under proper medical
In US history, Black women have repeatedly been targets for discrimination and continue to be. However, since colonization of the US by european settlers, progress has been made to reduce the bigotry against this group. The struggle to achieve voting rights is a notable example of the challenges African American women have faced in the battle for equality. Black rights, women’s rights, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 are three significant advancements toward achieving equal voting rights for African American women in the United States. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the US Constitution deal with the rights of African Americans and were the first steps toward African American women obtaining equal voting rights.
All these women came from different social, economic and socio-political background. Harriet Taylor Mill was given the opportunity to lay the foundation for feminism, while hiding under her husband’s wing, she was a relatively middle to high class individual who focused on issues that women like her faced. She believed that equality was simply based on equal opportunity for both sexes simply based on skill not gender, as both could do things equally well. Gloria Feltd argued and fought for women’s reproductive rights, as she was a teenage mother herself. She just as Taylor Mill had a middle to high class background, she believed among other things that equality would come with reproductive rights for all.
The Civil Rights movement's goal was to attain equality throughout society with nonviolent actions. Led by Martin Luther King Jr, the Civil Rights movement began with the Montgomery Bus Boycott and led to the March on Washington that culminated with Martin Luther King’s “ I have a Dream” speech. Through his actions and those involved in the movement, equality was gained through the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1869 “separate but equal” was ruled constitutional in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. In 1954 the court then overturned the ruling of the Plessy v. Ferguson in the case of Brown v. the Board of Education saying “ separate but equal” was unconstitutional and was not equal.
"The main way our Constitution operates is to protect the basic liberties of the American people by keeping powers, such as the government, in check. Freedom of speech is renowned as an ultimate western ideal along with its counterpart, Freedom of the Press. In Lovell v. City of Griffin (1938), Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes defined the press as ""every sort of publication which affords a vehicle of information and opinion."" This right has been extended to newspapers, books, plays, movies, and video games. In Branzburg v. Hayes (1972), Freedom of the press was further defined as ""a fundamental personal right"", not confined to newspapers and periodicals.
Hence there is no discrimination. However, the point that the Supreme Court seems to be missing is the freedom of personal liberty. (“Life, Liberty of Property without due process of Law”)While the object of the 14th amendment was to enforce absolute equality, it included personal liberty. If the amendment is enforced in its true meaning, it means to protect all civil rights that pertain to freedom and citizenship. Liberty consists of the power to move around and follow one’s own will under without any restraint unless prohibited by law.
As human beings, we are all born with an entitlement of freedom of speech or synonymously known as freedom of expression as it is a basic human right. It is stated in the Federal Constitution and it is important for us human beings to protect our rights to freedom of speech and expression as it is the backbone for a democratic society. Having the right to express oneself freely without any restrictions is an essential part of what it means to be a free human being. Article 10 in the Federal Constitution states that; (a) every citizen has the right to freedom of speech and expression; (b) all citizens have the right to assemble peaceably and without arms; (c) all citizens have the right to form associations. As Malaysian citizens, besides having the right to say and express whatever we want, we also have the right to assemble peaceably and we also have the right to form associations however it also being stated in Article 10 (2) (a) (b) (c) that the parliament has the right to impose restrictions on these rights.
In this case, human rights law is responsibility by governments to act in certain ways. Government can promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in individuals or groups.Their fundamental assumption is a moral and rational being who deserves to be treated with dignity. The content of human rights are universal. People should respect the common standard of human rights. Those common standard are represent in the country people need to respect the standard human rights.