The status of blacks at the end of the construction legally was that they were free and were to be treated as humans. Whites did not feel that was fair and believed that their justice system was against them because they ruled in favor of the African Americans. They still treated African Americans like they were beneath them. As for the progress that women made by 1877, people finally accepted the fact that women deserved the same amount of fair treatment as men. They were able to vote and hold office, they had rights to own her own business and earning.
Although many attempts were made to prioritize freedom and equality for all, these values were undermined by racist Southerners who wouldn’t accept equality. In the end, Reconstruction had failed and former slaves endured another hardship akin to slavery. However, Reconstruction still could have prospered. There are multiple events that, if they had occurred, Reconstruction would not have failed. For example, had the government continued to fund the Freedmen’s Bureau, then the South would have legislated their discriminatory laws much later, if not at all.
The Declaration of Independence includes the statement that all men are created equal. Not all people had the rights and freedoms of everyone else. Source B is a letter from Abigail Adams to her husband, John Adams. She declares that the Continental Congress in Philadelphia should be generous and favorable to the women, by letting them have a say in government, and give them more rights. In Source C, the author of this slave petition to the House of Representatives expresses his feelings of not being able to have freedoms as an African American living in America.
It was draft by Elizabeth Cady and Lucretia Mott two American activists in the movement to abolish slavery: Stanton, a sceptical non-Quaker who followed logic more than religion. Elizabeth is credited with initiating the first organized woman 's rights and woman 's suffrage movements in the United States. Before Stanton narrowed her political focus almost exclusively to women 's rights, she was an active abolitionist of slavery. Unlike many of those involved in the woman 's rights movement, Stanton addressed various issues pertaining to women beyond voting rights. Her concerns included women 's parental and custody rights, property rights, employment and income rights, divorce laws, the economic health of the family, and birth control.
Free states got an advantage as well when it was enforced that slaves would also be counted as three-fifths of a person for tax purposes. This has infamously become known as the 3/5 compromise. However, the issue of slavery was never solved in the Great Compromise. Free states knew that the Southern states wouldn’t accept the Constitution if it took away their rights to own slaves. Because of this, the only ruling in the Constitution that dealt with slavery was the Fugitive Clause which enforced Free states to help recapture runaway slaves who had escaped their masters' states.
is civil right, and the first amendment which says that government cannot establish America as any religious country is civil liberty. 2 So basically, civil rights protect people from discrimination while civil liberties protect the people from power of government. There are many amendments in the constitution developed by supreme courts that secure the civil rights and liberties of the people; among 27 amendments of the constitution,
She just as Taylor Mill had a middle to high class background, she believed among other things that equality would come with reproductive rights for all. Hooks, who would face the most adversity in her life compared to Taylor Mill and Feltd, growing up in the working class as an African American. This adversity would turn out to be hope, as she saw the many issues faced by women, African Americans and by Feminists themselves. Hooks who had a poorer more turbulent background would petition many more issues having a much different view of equality, then the upper middle class Taylor Mills and Feltd. It’s clear that these people’s backgrounds shaped what they would fight for, how they would do it and in the end their own views of
Civil rights are the rights of all people to have social freedom and equality. Civil rights were declared by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. From the earliest years of Europeans settlements in North America, whites enslaved and abused blacks. Although the Civil War brought about the practice of slavery , a harsh system supremacy continued. In the early twentieth century African Americans in the south were banned from association with whites in public places.
In 1877, when the Reconstruction era ended, inequality and injustice towards black people was present more than ever. The 14th Amendment granted blacks the American citizenship and an equal protection in front of the law, whereas the Civil Rights Act of 1875 granted also protection in public places such as theaters, hotels, or restaurants. Unfortunately, after the Civil Rights Cases in 1883, the Supreme Court outlawed that equal protection does only apply from governmental infringement. Private Citizens like railroad conductors can argue that they are acting according to the State’s law. The case Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) is a good example in which the Supreme Court “upheld a Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad cars” (Boyer 609).
Citizens. Slavery was deemed unconstitutional since beginning of the United States, but racist slave owning politicians interpreted the law to meet their demands. Slaves only purpose was to work the plantations land, not being allowed to be enlightened. After the war to “end slavery” concluded, the civil war was only regain the seceded southern states, not to abolish injustices towards African Americans. African Americans continued to be unrepresented until the 15th amendment was ratified in 1870.
The most important event in American slavery during the 1820’s was the Missouri Compromise. Before 1820, political strain grew between the slave and free states. Since the United States had eleven slave states and eleven free states, any new state would cause unequal representation in the Senate. The North, also known as the Union, wanted all new states admitted to not have any slavery. The South, or the Confederacy needed all new
The Missouri Compromise was a compromise that admitted Missouri to the union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. This kept the balance between slave states and free states. However, the compromise also declared that no slave states were to be permitted above the 36°30’ line that would stretch to the Pacific. This resulted in division among the United States. Another event that assisted the Civil War was Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
A first effect of the Civil war were the new Amendments made in favor of African Americans. The first was the thirteenth Amendment. The emancipation proclamation that Lincoln had put in place only banned slavery out of his jurisdiction. After the Civil war however, the thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude -involuntary slavery- in U.S, except for a crime punishment. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, then by the House on January 31, 1865.
The Fifteenth Amendment, revised in 1992, reads, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude” (“United States of America 1789”). That amendment was implemented to protect all people’s voting rights, and is just a part of what has been done to protect people of all races. However, despite what was implemented, it took an extensive amount of time to go into effect, partially due to the Jim Crow laws. They were informal laws that enforced racial segregation until 1965. An example of a Jim Crow law is, “It shall be unlawful for a negro and a white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers” (“Jim Crow Laws”).
The Dred Scott V. Sanford case of 1857 declared that African Americans were not citizens of the United States and did not receive the same support from the Federal Government. During this time the Congress also lacked the power to ban slavery in all territories belonging to the United States. In 1850 Dred Scott and his family were declared free under the state court however, this did not last long. The Supreme Court of Missouri revoked the Scott’s family freedom which led him to take his case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court denied him citizenship of the U.S. even if he was a citizen of a free state.