Legalism stressed the importance of law and order above all other matters. Many of the doctrines and beliefs of Legalism were formed from the ideas of Han Fei, who was actually the disciple of the Confucian philosopher Xun Zi. Xun Zi had lost faith in the Confucian belief in the inherent good of man after seeing the constant political and social turmoil of his time. He and his disciples took the realization of man’s true nature to heart and decided that there needed to be something to control the rampant self interest of man, and they decided that the way would be through a system of laws. While Confucians believe that the nature of man is inherently good, Legalists believe that the nature of man is very susceptible to bad intentions.
Gene Luen Yang offers a humanistic perspective on western imperialism in China during the late nineteenth century to early twentieth century in his graphic novel Boxers, a tragic narrative about Chinese grassroots resistance against foreign occupation in which an armed revolution ultimately fails. The novel focuses on religious identity, and cultural connections in the face of invasion. Boxers highlights the negative effects of imperialism through clashes between different religions, ideologies and power structures. Therefore, the criticism of western imperialism presented in Boxers could support a world systems theory approach to international relations because it shows to exploitation through westernization and the squandering of cultural
Thesis: In Kurt Vonnegut 's story, "Harrison Bergeron," symbolism, tone, and irony reveal the author 's message to the reader which is his perspective on equality. Notably, there are countless symbols in the narrative "Harrison Bergeron" all of which trace back to the theme of the story. The handicaps people are forced to wear are symbols for the control the government has over people. "George was toying with the vague notion that maybe dancers shouldn 't be handicapped. But he didn 't get very far with it before another noise in his ear radio scattered his thoughts (Vonnegut)."
However, for Mao Zedong’s followers by eliminating the old spirit of China and through destroying traditional paintings and styles, Chairman Mao’s ideals allowed and gave way to the visual, performing and popular art in China. Art for the Red Guards needed to target political ideals, ideals that Chairman Mao believed would truly change China into a modern place. In other words, it was Chairman Mao who lit the spark of revolution but it was the duty of the Red Guards and the followers of Mao to do “their part of correcting the distortion of
Noble lie, a concept introduced by Plato, is a fiction or untruth about a religious nature which mainly focuses on a lie told by upper class to protect or do what is best for society. This essay will discuss the concept of the noble lie from Plato/Socrates book the republic and how it is conducted merely in our everyday modern life by discussing Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky scandal and the biggest political scandal, Richard Nixon’s Watergate scandal. This essay will argue that Bill Clinton’s lie about his sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky was not noble but rather to his own personal interests and will also argue that the Watergate political scandal was a series of all illegal activities performed by Nixon’s administration. The essay will be divided into 3 sections. First section will explain how Plato and Socrates view the noble lie and how it is related to the case studies mentioned above.
The military commander Wu made claims that the Shang dynasty needed to be brought to an end because of moral reasons and that they had received word from above that heaven wanted the King to stop ruling. It was also said that there was a claim that the reason for the downfall was targeted towards the King’s much too luxurious lifestyle, excessive drinking, and immoral behavior. The battle that ended the Shang dynasty is the Battle of Muye. The Battle of Muye resulted from the growing decline of the Shang Dynasty. The Zhou clan had been growing more and more powerful under the former Zhou commander Wen.
In ancient Chinese culture there is the principle which states that everything exists as a contradiction. Darkness and light; old and young; hot and cold; each could not exist without their counterpart. Equity is key. A leader must learn how to balance both truth and deceit, their light and darkness, to establish a substantial reign; even if the acts that they commit do not follow their own or other’s normal ethical standards. Marcus Aurelius wrote in his work Meditations that “Injustice is a king of blasphemy.
Lao Tzu, who founded Taoism, understood chaos and order differently. Confucianism and Taoism are considered the two sizes to the Chinese philosophical coin. (Novak) Lao Tzu believed that avoiding confrontation and going with the flow is the key to the perfect society. For example, this exert from the text. "Life is a series of natural changes.
is a comparison of Ralph in this novel, one of Martin’s quotes was “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” Ralph believed in order, civilization and peace, while the others wanted survival the savage way with power. Jack's passion for power is known when he says; 'I ought to be chief because I'm chapter chorister and head boy'. In the Lord of the Flies, Golding takes literary method of reviewing human rights through psychological insights. The boys are led to the development of a “religion” under Jack's leadership for largely personal selfishness gain.
Not only is Proteus reminding Melanos how vital sacrifices are, he’s also suggesting the gods intended for him to return, but he robbed himself of a peaceful return with his mistakes. Melanos’ experience sets the precedent of sacrifices and offerings becoming the blueprint towards forgiveness from the gods. Humans in The Odyssey lay claim to their ability to sway the gods’ opinion as their source of power in the such a supernatural world. The power that allows mortals to control their
The importance of the Mandate of Heaven was that it help to convince the remaining Shang clan-members that the Zhou clan was justified in seizing power, as well as gain their trust. When the Zhou clan defeated the Shang clan, the chief-deity was renamed to “Heaven”, the monarch was called the “Son of Heaven”, and his rule was referred to as the “Mandate of Heaven”. The Mandate of Heaven’s theory stated that a supreme deity would choose the ruler, and would allow the ruler to remain in power, as long as they stayed a wise, energetic, and principled ruler and guardian of his citizens. It also stated that corruption, insurrection, arrogance, and violence were all reasons why a leader could or should be replaced by a dynasty and leader that