The Pilgrims and the Puritans were very similar; they had similar ancestry, history and goals. They were English Protestants who believed the Church of England was in need of reform. Both groups play a significant role in American history. The Pilgrims started a holiday that is very well known today, Thanksgiving. Puritans are well known for conducting witch trials and burning people on suspicion of witchcraft or heresy like the incident in Salem.
As stated in Anthony Brandt’s article, An Unholy Mess, “Legally, spectral evidence was not grounds for convicting a witch. The judges in Salem, however, accepted it…” This implies that many people were being convicted on illegal evidence. They could be spared if they confessed but confessions were very rare (Brandt, p. 42) (Schiff). The fear of the Devil walking freely among Salem
This fall caused fear in Europeans. An anticipation of spreading Christianity was also a major factor in causing exploration. Similarly, mercantilism also pushed Europeans to explore the world by causing Europeans to pursuit wealth. The accomplishments of the Age of Exploration also brought a European Golden Age known as the Renaissance. An intensification of Europe’s wealth and power, the rise of financial institutions, and social vicissitudes all rehabilitated into the
2. Question: Why were colonial New Englanders willing to believe accusations of with craft about their fellow colonists? Answer: The colonial New Englanders were willing to believe the accusations because the life styles of the so called “witches” did not line up with that of the cooperative men and women of Salem. This caused not
One of them is allusions. Allusions are an essential part of the play. It is actually based on the true story of the witch-hunt of Salem, but also refers to the McCarthyism that was an issue around the time when Miller wrote The Crucible. In both cases mistrust did a lot of damage and hurt many people because they had suspicions that often could not be confirmed. “This predilection for minding other people’s business was time-honored among the people in Salem, and it undoubtedly created many of the suspicions which were to feed the upcoming madness.” (Miller, p. 1217), Miller describes the situation in Salem.
The people who preside over the trials are corrupt. People who were accused of witchcraft are wrongfully indicted, and those transgressions must be justified. Danforth is the governor of Massachusetts who thinks of himself as a fair man. Thomas Putnam who has grudges against the people of Salem, and Abigail is a shameless liar who leads the accusations against the people of Salem. What the people of Salem have seen as demonic possessions of the girls is nothing more than an act of deception.
Because the Puritans believed in the Devil and witchcraft, they believed that someone could have the ability to interact with both, which is a form of superstition. Exactly what is superstition? Superstition is a belief or notion, not based on reason or knowledge, in or of the significance of a particular thing, circumstance, occurrence, proceeding, or the like. The first step towards elimination superstition is, realizing that there 's no rational proof that these the superstition can affect your life. The second step towards eliminating superstition is realizing that you have the power to make your own luck.
While talking to Macbeth on the realness of the prophecies he says, “But ’tis strange. / And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, / The instruments of darkness tell us truths, / Win us with honest trifles, to betray ’s / In deepest consequence.” Banquo believes that the witches are trying to trick both of them into their own destruction and he is absolutely correct. For all he knows, these “witches” could be anyone. Banquo doesn’t trust the witches but goes along with what Macbeth says. After seeing Macbeth takes the place as Thane of Cawdor, his thoughts about the situation had changed.
The same social, religion and political factors that created witch hunting impacted the decline and end of the witch hunts. In England there were only about one thousand that are believed to have been executed for being witches. Witchcraft belief continued in England but in 1736 the Witchcraft Act was changed to decriminalize witchcraft and charge a person who claimed any human had magical powers. People found it unreasonable to believe in the old view of a world haunted by evil
In France the advancement in scientific thought was limited by the Catholic hegemony over knowledge, while England on the other hand due to the laxing of policing mechanism provided the ideal space for progress in scientific thought. Religion which had played an important role in the advancement of science since the sixteenth century becomes ever more significant in the span of two decades from 1640 to 1660. The moderate Puritan reformers were now being challenged by a number of radical sectarian movements who saw in science the potential to bring about radical changes in the society. The moderate reformers who later established the Royal Society of Science in 1662, had to declare its goal of promoting an organized pursuit of experimental science in order to distance themselves from any attempt at radically reforming the church or the state. The threat of being deemed heretical loomed large over the puritan scientific reformers and they sought to divert it by coming up with the Christianized versions of upcoming scientific theories.
Catholicism and the Ku Klux Klan The early 1900s was a time of change in technology, education, and way of life for the American people. However, with change comes resistance, which was especially seen in Texas with the uprisings of the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan’s hatred went beyond simply that of Negros and settled on people of the Catholic Religion as well. They used propaganda such as books, flyers, and pamphlets in order to get rid of Catholicism, as the KKK considered people of the Catholic faith to be loyal only to the Pope of Rome and not the United States. The KKK struggled and ultimately succeeded in gaining political advantages in order to gain more influence in the United States, as well as to help avoid punishment for their prosecution of the Catholic people and their property.
How would you react if you were accused of being involved in witchcraft? In today’s time no one is phased at the thought of being called a witch, but back in the seventeenth century that was a growing concern among the people. Within the seventeenth century individuals of the Puritan religion began to move to Colonial America with the ideas of religious freedom. However, the concept of religious freedom did not go very far. Once they were settled in Colonial America, the Puritans began to prosecute anyone else who did not follow the Puritan religion.
Many have heard of the Salem witch trials but not a lot of people know of how truly insane the accusations during them were. Neighbors were accusing each other on no known facts. They would make up stories saying someone is a witch just because they did not like that particular person. Everyone that was accused was guilty until proven innocent; instead of what is said today, which is innocent until proven guilty. No one was safe from being accused.