Currently, the France, that people know today, is the aftermath of the French Revolution. The government of France “is a unique hybrid of presidential and parliamentary systems that reflect rich political traditions and culture” (Guardian). In the current France, there is no absolute monarchy. There is no divine ruler like King Louis XVI. France is now a democratic country with the President as the leader along with his hers subsidiaries.
2. If we were to understand semi-presidentialism as the situation where a country has a president with quite considerable powers, but where there is also a prime minister with some political authority too, then, in practice, the set of semi-presidential countries in non-democratic regimes would indeed be empty. Typically, authoritarian and competitive authoritarian regimes are governed by a single, powerful political leader, often holding the office of president. As we have seen, though, it is misleading to think of semi-presidentialism in this way. At root, the concept is taxonomic.
The reason being that it coincides with historical colonial links. For instance, 37 out of the 53 former British colonies use SMP (European Parliament, 2011). Furthermore, a significant number of francophone countries use the French two-round system, while many of the rest use Proportional Representation (PR) lists, which are also used in some elections in France. Not to mention former Spanish colonies tend to use list systems. Obviously the electoral systems adopted in many former colonies were not always appropriate to meet the needs of the particular country, as the colonial power was usually very different socially and culturally from the society colonized (European Parliament, 2011).
The Electoral College is a system, not a spot. The building up fathers developed it. The inspiration driving the Electoral College is to be a tradeoff between choice of the president by the vote of Congress and the surely understood vote of the all inclusive community The Electoral College system contains the decision of the voters, the meeting of the voters where they vote for President and Vice President, and the numbering of the constituent votes by Congress (Jerry Fresia February 28, 2006). The Electoral College includes 538 voters. A greater part of 270 constituent votes is required to pick the President.
It is mean Prime Minister is the real executive while the position of head of state is nominal. In other word, the power of the head of the State is limited and only symbolic in Parliamentary System. This matter shows that Prime Minister has more power on branch of government
In this paper I discuss the four phases of the French revolution and how they influenced one and other, these phases consist of The National assembly/ The Constitutional Monarchy, The Reign of Terror, The Directory, and the Age of Napoleon. The First phase of the French revolution is the National assembly or Constitutional Monarchy. "Constitutional monarchy, system of government in which a monarch shares power with a constitutionally organized government. The monarch may be the de facto head of state or a purely ceremonial leader. The constitution allocates the rest of the government 's power to the legislature and judiciary."
This led to many different conflicts especially during his political career. He had many disagreements with other politicians when they thought differently than himself, including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Aaron Burr, but one conflict that he had that did not include politics was his affair with Maria Reynolds. This affair was thought to be one of the first major scandals in the country’s history (Biography.com 30). As for the political conflicts, they mostly consisted of letters being published about the other person to humiliate them or to cause them to lose their political influence, but some ended with a duel. In the case of Thomas Jefferson, he and Hamilton had opposing views and both spent a lot of time trying to discredit the other, in the case of John Adams, Hamilton was afraid that he did not share his political views and did not want someone like that as president so he tried to sway the voting so that Adams would be vice president instead (Britannica 15).
Furthermore they can be described as possessing the ideologies of new nationalism and anti-globalisatiom. Some parties have several ideals as conservative political parties or fascist movements. It may be worth noting that it has risen over these several years perhaps due to the discontentment of people towards the European Union and increase of Euroscepticism. Left-wing populist parties are not as popular and they push for ideals such as anti-capitalism and social justice. In America, the focus of the parties are often on the unpopular actions of military operations in the US and their actions against the Middle
Democracies do not prove to be the most peaceful form of government; certain Nineteenth Century rivalries such as that of the British and the French, or the British and the American, endured regime-changes and wars were initiated even in democracy. Notably, 78% of wars in 1816-1904 involved the democratic Great Britain. Especially newly democratized states end up fighting wars, for instance nuclear-armed India and Pakistan during the Kargil War of 1999. The same can be said of Japan, which invaded Korea after having become a democracy and of Turkey, which invaded Cyprus in 1974. Since a democracy requires a sense of political determination and a national identity, democratization often causes a rise of nationalist sentiment and has even led to ethnic cleansing in order to eliminate the “enemy of the people”.
The world experiences immense challenges on the stature of democracy in both east and west Europe due to the recent events that people experience in countries such as Russia and Hungary. On one side, it is noted that the Russian president Vladimir Putin openly expresses his concerns about the anti-democratic stance that could ruin the choices of people for a preferred candidate to rule the government. On the other hand, the Hungarian prime minister indicates that liberal democracy is not the ideal option for the development of nations. In this context, it is evident that representatives of democracy have a hard task as they need to support their viewpoint against world leaders that have prevalence support. Accordingly, Fareed Zakaria indicated