The architecture of Roman somewhat mirrors Ancient Greece through its architecture. The Greeks were amazing builders but Romans could take the Greek influence and build even more with their knowledge and skills. As the Greeks the Romans built extravagant temples for the gods. The buildings are built with grandiose pillars. The exceptional use of the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders through Rome is the most noticeable examples from the Greeks.
In contrast, the Egyptians were polytheistic, worshiping an immense amount of gods in an attempt to describe and understand daily behaviors and change of their environment, while the Chinese did not typically worship gods; They worshiped their ancestors in a complex system. “Religion dominated everyone’s lives in ancient Egypt. Nearly everything was seen as being controlled by hundreds of deities (gods and goddesses). Their religion influenced how the ancient Egyptians built.” The
A pervasive theme occurring early and throughout Greek history is the unspoken progression toward achieving a balance between citizenship and individualism, war and peace, freedom and servitude, labor and relaxation, ritualistic beliefs in somewhat primitive gods versus the origins and order of the kosmos. Ultimately, the Greeks aspired to achieve eudaemonia, “a life of activity governed by reason” (Merriam-Webster). Early traces of the concept that becomes known as eudaemonia can be seen in Homer’s myths, in the Odyssey Homer illustrates how labor and civil order are unknown to the Cyclops (Freeman, 112). Homer influenced much of Greek society over centuries, passing down more than just myth, everyone knew the stories, and the stories in turn influenced society as a whole. Always pressing forward towards progression, the use of myth, poetry and lyric aided in planting ideas
The Pantheon in Rome is a very unique building, that even after 2,000 years it is still being used in today 's world. That alone speaks volumes of how well the building was first built, but also the care and maintenance that keeps the Pantheon standing. The Pantheon was built as a Roman Temple, under the ruler of Augustus. Now, used as a church in Rome dedicated to St. Mary, but when first built it is thought to be dedicated to all gods. This Parthenon is very much different from the Parthenon of Athens.
The earliest romans believed in spirits. Ancient Romans worshiped the Roman Gods. The Roman Gods were based off of the Greek Gods, but they gave them Roman names. They used temples and shrines to worship their gods. In every Roman city, there is a temple devoted to the 3 divine beings, Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.
Both featured columns and impressive stepped entry ways. Each featured statues and relief sculptures depicting well known myths about the gods and their affairs in the world of men. Both symbolized a right, by the endorsement of divine association with the capital cities, for these societies to advance their own ambitions and to conquer all within their reach. It is clear that the Parthenon in Greece and the Pantheon in Rome may have been the product of distinct societies, yet they both symbolized similar virtues within the people who commissioned, built, and utilized them. These two structures had much in common in not only function, but also in style.
Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
A typical sculpture would be a representation of the person 's upper body, specifically the head and neck, this type of sculpture is called a bust. The Romans typically created their sculptures of historical occasions and real people so busts were extremely common. Although the Romans were extremely influenced by Greek art, there are still many differences between the two. Greek statues
In this essay I will discuss the Parthenon and the Pantheon. These are two of the most recognised buildings from Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. I will explain the style and Function of each building and how the differences in both cultures can be seen in these buildings. History The Parthenon started to get build 447 and 432 BC. It was designed by the Greek architects Iktinos and Kallikrates.
The city was built where it had access to the riches of the seas but also was easily protected. The government of Carthage was similar to Rome 's. It has two chief magistrates that were akin to the Roman consuls, a council of elders that was comparable to Rome 's senate, and a people 's assembly that was like the Roman comitia (Morey, 1901). Despite these similarities, Carthage 's government was an aristocracy, something which Rome was fighting to rid itself of. Starting with the Magonid dynasty in 550 BC, Carthage 's government appeared to be ruled by a tyrant (Roman-empire.net, n.d.).