Hamlet written by William Shakespeare follows the story of Hamlet as he tries to avenge his father’s murder. Shakespeare uses the clash of opposites to express ideas that he wants to portray. The mystery of death is explored through the contrasting themes of life and death found in Yorik’s skull, the ghost of Hamlet’s father and Ophelia’s suicide. The contrasting characters of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and Hamlet show the importance of loyalty in friendship. Contrasting characters are also used with Fortinbras and Hamlet to empathize how inaction can lead to negative impacts.
Hamlet questions which act is more noble. Is it more noble to suffer from wrong deeds that one has done to another, or, is it more noble to end the suffering by dying? Another way Hamlet shows indecisiveness is when he ponders the question of whether or not to kill Claudius. Hamlet wishes to avenge his father's death but is not sure how to go about the murder or when to do it.
However, they are also different since Titus had a fighting spirit and fought his enemies until his death. Hamlet was skeptical to the idea of revenge and even opted for the option of suicide. Titus and Hamlet help us clarify the distinction between the typical and mannerist conceptions of principle. Titus uses revenge to discover emotional responses to events circumscribed by rigid justice systems. Hamlet uses revenge to discover responses to an ethical dilemma where common moral codes generic seem inadequate.
In the tragedy that follows, Hamlet is recognized for being indecisive and is often drawn to difficult questions that cannot be answered with any certainty. The build up of Hamlet’s indecisions begin to become apparent when he questions whether the unknown beyond of death is easier to bear than life. Hamlet’s thoughts of contemplation is shown when he uncovers the internal struggles of life and death. Unable to accept the separation from his father, Hamlet feels deep pain and sorrow. In the process, he becomes overwhelmed by the grim events, and begins to question whether “to be or not to be.”
Zeffirelli jumps right into the revenge for his father, more efficiently leading Hamlet to the idea of using the play as a method for revenge. In Shakespeare's original, Polonius reads the letter to Ophelia from Hamlet, saying “‘That’s an ill phrase, a vile phrase’” and expressing his hatred for the relationship between the two (2.2.112-113). Since he is so opposed to the exchange between the two, the readers can make the jump to say his son, and Ophelia’s brother, Laertes would feel the same. This establishes Laertes’ resentment for Hamlet and is very important later in the plot when Laertes and Hamlet have the fencing match. Without those feelings being evident, the audience may get
Hamlet also displays his deranged mind by not giving the whereabouts to Polonius’ body and discussing the fate of the kings prior to it actually happening. One way Hamlet’s unhinged mind is shown throughout the play is by his deep love and peculiar words to Ophelia. When Hamlet had discovered that Ophelia was dead, he lost his mind and his strength. At Ophelia’s funeral he couldn’t bear to see her laying in that grave and says, “ Dost thou come here to whine, To outface me with leaping in her grave, Be buried quick with her?/ and so will I”(v.i.263-265).
These indeed seem, For they are actions that a man might play. But I have that within which passes show. These but the trappings and the suits of woe" (I.ii.82-86) this quote shows the depression that Hamlet was engulfed by, making the sorrow that he felt over his father's death, obvious to the readers. In act 1 scene 5, Hamlet was told by his father's ghost that his death was not a random but a murder committed by Hamlet's uncle; this information only added to Hamlet's depression and gave him an immense desire to get revenge. In act 4 scene 5, Laertes was told of his father's murder, and similarly to
He is depressed and suicidal as indicated in his infamous quote, “To be, or not to be: that is the question.” (3.1.57). However, while many may choose to carry on after the death of a loved one, Hamlet chose to hold on to his sorrow and pretended to be mad so he can know the truth behind his father’s death. Hamlet’s tragic life is not the cause for his madness. Hamlet drives himself to the brink of insanity
This amorality stems from his desire to avenge the “rank and gross[ly]” (Shakespeare, 29) cruel actions of his uncle, the King Claudius. In the end however, both Hamlet and Claudius die with little pomp, victims of each other in a cyclical stream of karma. Shakespeare uses this eventuality to denounce the use of cruelty as a means to an end, for it brings nought but meaningless death. The fact that Hamlet becomes so cruel specifically because of Claudius’ treachery is a testament to the relationship between oppressor and oppressed. As Hamlet becomes that which he once hated, Shakespeare emphasizes the fact that the line between victim and oppressor is often more blurred than defined.