Similarities Between Hinduism And Buddhism

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The commonalities and contradictions found in between Hinduism and Buddhism causes for the prevalence of a whole different belief system among the followers. Hinduism, which is considered as an ‘oldest religion’, portrays its doctrines and teachings in the scriptures such as the Vedas, the Puranas and some other epics known as Mahabharata, a remembered passing down stories and Ramayana, a narrative tale. However, the Bhagavad-Gita is considered as the holy book of Hinduism. The Bhagavad-Gita is a Hindu scripture, which is a part of the Mahabharata. This consists of the conversation between Arjuna and Krishna. In Gita, Krishna helps to understand the worldly life and rationalize the duties of Arjuna in the battlefield. Those duties are also called as Dharma, a term which this paper will discuss more. Similarly, Buddhism is known as a ‘nontheistic religion’, which also have its teachings in many scriptures for its both Theravada and Mahayana sectors. In Buddhism, Buddha preached most of the teachings. Like Hinduism, the main teaching of Buddhism is Dukkha, which is also referred as ‘sufferings’. Accordingly, Dharma and Dukkha are two important doctrines of both Hinduism and Buddhism respectively. In some cases there are similarities, and there are also some differences between them. As the original religious texts are difficult to understand, the interpretations are widely used among scholars to discus about a topic. Thus, there may be some contradictions from original and
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