In 1936 Joseph Stalin produced a new constitution for the Soviet Union. The constitution guaranteed Soviet citizens freedom from arbitrary arrest and the right of defense in a public trial before an independent judge "subject only to the law." These rights seemed to parallel those found in the U.S. Constitution (“The Stalin Purges”). But while everyone thought he was a good guy and trying to help them, on the inside he was planning the arrest of thousands of Communist party members and government officials. To try to maintain safe during all of the chaos, many people would blame the person right besides them for whatever they were blamed for, even though most people were innocent of any
Kennedy took a different, more violent approach in confining, and overall stopping the spread of communism. Truman said in his University of Washington Speech that money would be sent to any country that needed financial support in combating communism (Kennedy). In addition to this, he had the same views for military aid. His mission was to support any country fighting communism with the proper weapons if the Soviet Union were to attack (Kennedy). The biggest contrast between Kennedy and the other two presidents was that Kennedy was not afraid of war.
As a result of the communist and fascist dictatorships of Orwell’s time, 1984 sought to reflect the tactics of manipulation, fear, and stripping one’s individuality employed to control the population by illustrating the principal theme of totalitarianism. Manipulation, a primary aspect of tyrannical government, reflects the leadership of several dictatorships during the World War II era and manifests itself in the
Leaders are trusted by their people to uphold high standards of diplomacy and to make citizens’ lives less burdensome. The Soviet Union needed a figure who would help improve and strengthen the country. Joseph Stalin took this role, promising to get the country out of World War I, paying debts, and giving land to the citizens. While he followed through on a few of his promises, he ultimately betrayed his people by lying to them. Through his leadership, Stalin made many decisions to help the Soviet Union, but he made even more choices that harmed individual people due to his abuse of power.
Instead, there were people on the National Committee with him who helped contribute to the Reign of Terror (Linton). Robespierre discussed this in his speech by stating that the government was “despotic,” but it did not have a tyrant as a leader which would, in turn, protect the people (“Modern History Sourcebook”). He, however, executed his own people, contradicting his own statement. Robespierre also stated in the speech that terror was, in fact, a virtue and it was only appropriate to exemplify it. He, himself, acknowledges that he was truly an autocrat in France, which ultimately proves what Robespierre really was (“Modern History
He agreed to resume his role as tsar, but demanded absolute control of the oprichnina, the land surrounding Moscow. To carry out his policing and spread of terror, Ivan created Russia's first secret police force, the Oprichniki. They systematically executed thousands for suspected betrayal, including many innocents such as Prince Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky. During this time Ivan saw a major personality switch. His formerly ascetic life was now consumed with lavish feasts and orgies for his pleasure (Ivan the
The Party press merely declared that the eight generals were accused of espionage on behalf of Germany and Japan, anti-party conspiracy, cooperation with Trotsky, and plotting the territorial dismemberment of the USSR. Finally there is the Trial of the Twenty One (including Bukharin) in March 1938. The defendants were charged with the usual combination of treason, espionage, diversion, terrorism and wrecking as said in (Scales, Diann, "Stalin and the purges"). One of the men on trial here was head of the NKVD, Henry Yagoda. The NKVD was how stalin was able to arrest so many people.
As the article continues, Kennan emphasises the assumed unity, discipline and patience within the Soviet Union. Kennan was under the impression that dictatorship could only temporarily compel a nation and that Soviet conduct was responsible for an exhausted and unconvinced population. Concentration of industrialisation led to an uneven expansion of communism, according to Kennan, and the economy suffered, as parts of the Soviet remained undeveloped. Kennan anticipated force of authority to be a detrimental to society. Lack of variation in the Communist Party members is criticised, it is maintained that differentiation in people and ideas is critical to the success of a nation.
“Cursed, cursed creator! Why did I live? Why, in that instant, did I not extinguish the spark of existence, which you had so wantonly bestowed? I know not; despair had not yet taken possession of me; my feelings were those of rage and revenge”. Due to the abandonment of the creature, the monster receives rejection from society and this triggers the monster to do wanton actions.
During World War 2, the most evident traits of totalitarianism were the Nazi’s military terror that led to the Warsaw ghetto, Hitler’s persecution of the Jews that resulted in death camps like Auschwitz, and Stalin’s control of individuals that caused famine across millions. Hitler and the Nazis used military terror in World War 2 to force Jews into the Warsaw Ghetto, which resulted in starvation and death. Military terror was a tactic used by rulers to gain obedience through violence. Many times leaders have a special police force to protect the government's interests and scare the people into abiding by their rules. In Germany, Hitler used military terror to enforce his leadership with the help from the Nazi party.