Twentieth century management theorists, Max Weber and Henry Fayol have made substantial contributions to management as a whole, through their dedicated work towards creating effective forms of management. Weber was a German ‘professor of economics and founder of German sociology’ (Hofstede 1994, p.8) and Fayol a ‘French engineer whose management career culminated in the position of President-Directeur-General of a mining company’ (Hofstede 1994, p.8). Weber created “6 principles of bureaucracy” and Fayol’s work included his “14 principles” also known as Administrative theory as well as his 6 business activities. Many similarities and differences can be drawn from both Max Weber and Henry Fayol’s theories.
Max Weber’s bureaucracy was seen…show more content… According to (Boundless 2015) the reason Weber and Fayol used rules and procedures is due to the fact that rules are designed to simplify the functioning of complex organisations. Fayol’s “14 principles” of effective management give an organisation an insight into how each aspect of management should be dealt with in order to be successful. Fayol concentrated on the managerial aspect of his five business activities when establishing his “14 principles.” Fayol’s principles give managers clear guidelines on how to deal with the key aspects of management. These key aspects include the control and command of individuals within the organisation, as well as, the planning and organisation of the business. It also focus on achieving co-operation from…show more content… Weber’s fifth and sixth principles are “Impersonality”, which means that rules and procedures are applied uniformly to all employees (Morley and Tiernan 2013) and “Formalisation”, which is explained as ‘all employees are subject to formal rules and other controls regarding the performance of their duties’(Wren and Bedeian 2009,p.232). This clearly highlights the fact that Max Weber feels that it is essential that procedures and rules be put in place in an organisation in order to be successful. Not only this but Weber also gives guidelines in his other principles with regards the way in which tasks are divided, the hierarchy of command, the basis in which employees are hired and that management should be viewed as a career. (Morley and Tiernan,