Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods.
Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
It began as an element forming the ancient societies, it was indistinguishable from what is known as 'mythology ' in the present day and consisted of regular rituals based on a belief in higher supernatural entities who created and continued to maintain the world and surrounding cosmos. To this very day people are confronted with many philosophical questions regarding this belief and practice. It is a confrontation between the ones who believe and the ones who do not. As rational animals, humans are seeking meaning beings and always question everything. This process of seeking is what enables us to discover numerous scientific facts, laws, and theories as well as religions.
The Egyptian Middle Kingdom and Babylonia had many similarities related in geography. Despite this they also had numerous distinct differences. Fundamental similarities manifested as care for the people by the rulers which had recently developed in both societies. As the rulers were no longer concerned with only themselves, but the citizens as well. Both societies had military protection although Babylon organized and conquered the Fertile Crescent and later Egypt.
The Shang/Zhou dynasties and the Maya civilizations were both powerful entities built around political control. The two governments power came from religion, as their leaders were viewed to be Gods by the people they ruled over. However, the contrasts between them, such as Shang/Zhou China’s monarchy and the Maya’s warring city-states, defined each cultures varied political advancements.
In the time period, the world was full of polytheistic religions, like the Ancient Egyptian religion, and therefore the transition from henotheism to monotheism was extremely significant in history. The start of this transition can be seen in the story of Noah’s ark, especially in comparison to the flood from the Epic of Gilgamesh. These two stories are undeniably linked and share many similarities. An important difference between the two is that the Mesopotamian story contains many gods and the Biblical story only contains one God. Creation myths are essential to a religion because they give an explanation for the origins of the world, and usually revolve around certain deities.
But instead, they chose to create whole religions around this myth, as well as the many others from all around Egypt. This creates a interesting question about Egypt and Rome. How did the way Egyptian deities, specifically Isis and Osiris, were viewed change between the Egyptian and Roman empires? In this essay, I will argue that the way that Isis and Osiris were viewed through their mythology changed across cultures. This is evident through the way they were worshipped, depicted in artwork, and shown in mythology in each of the cultures.
The Incas were polytheistic like the Aztecs. While their structure of beliefs were different, both civilizations believed in multiple gods. Like the Cherokee and Aztecs, the Inca culture was based on its religious beliefs. They too spent their days preoccupied with their religious beliefs. These beliefs were the underlying current of their
In the ancient architectural structures, the civilization incorporated their own respective religious beliefs, political views and the socioeconomic factor in the construction. Moreover, these civilizations may have similarities and differences. To begin with, the Ziggurat of Ur and the Great pyramids of Giza are completely from different civilization, however they have similarities in some way. The ziggurat of Ur was built by the Sumerians.They built it with solid mud brick and bitumen. A ziggurat has four sides that are oriented to the cardinal points of the compass.
Religion in ancient times was no different than modern day. The ancient Romans and ancient Greeks both had unique religious beliefs that impacted their lives. While their beliefs were unique to their culture, they also shared some similarities. Religion in ancient Rome included a variety of beliefs integrated together. Ancient Rome was the birthplace of Christianity, but they also worshipped other gods similar to ancient Greece.