The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
Throughout Western Civilization, there have been multiple cyclical empires. These empires have ruled in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Despite the fact that they have come and gone quickly, they all have still managed to leave their mark and helped influenced the societies. The main Mesopotamian Empires were Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian. Sumerian ruled from 3500 BC to 2300 BC.
The Sumer region was in Mesopotamia, which is now the current Iraq. This area is very famous due to writing which was the cuneiform script on the clay tablets. The systematic record keeping, the plow, which was the agricultural development. Social and economic organization was also a well known factor, followed by, units of time which was the division of a day into 24 hours as well as one hour into 60 minutes. Also, mainly because of the settlement that took place there.
The Egyptian Middle Kingdom and Babylonia had many similarities related in geography. Despite this they also had numerous distinct differences. Fundamental similarities manifested as care for the people by the rulers which had recently developed in both societies. As the rulers were no longer concerned with only themselves, but the citizens as well. Both societies had military protection although Babylon organized and conquered the Fertile Crescent and later Egypt.
Throughout the entire history of the earth, mankind has advanced from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people they are today. One region that played a profound impact on this development is Mesopotamia, the birthplace of civilization. Gilgamesh: A Verse Narrative, a literary work from the time period, reveals many things about the society that created it. The narrative recounts the tale of the first great hero of ancient Mesopotamia and through his encounters, the culture, religion and the Sumerians way of life is demonstrated. For instance, the relationship between humans and gods that resound throughout the narrative, gender divisions, civilization versus nature and lastly, how the Sumerians lived.
In the 1500’s The Inca civilization ended in 1532 and their civilization started around 1438. The Aztec empire however, started in 1427 and ended in 1521. they both built amazing empires that are still recognized today. They believed in gods, they invented clever inventions, and created a lifestyle for the whole empire. In conclusion, these are the similarities between the Aztec and Inca empire. All empires and tribes have things that they will have in common but they all are different from each other.
Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Hammurabi’s code is a series of Babylonian law codes engraved on a large stone. They come from ancient Mesopotamia, and date back to around 1754 BC. Today this Code shows us how even back then people were influenced by a central government. These laws were written by King Hammurabi who ruled the Babylonian empire from 1792-50 BCE. His reason for writing these laws was because of how many cities he had conquered, and how much his empire was growing, he needed one universal set of laws to unify everyone in his empire.
In the ancient architectural structures, the civilization incorporated their own respective religious beliefs, political views and the socioeconomic factor in the construction. Moreover, these civilizations may have similarities and differences. To begin with, the Ziggurat of Ur and the Great pyramids of Giza are completely from different civilization, however they have similarities in some way. The ziggurat of Ur was built by the Sumerians.They built it with solid mud brick and bitumen. A ziggurat has four sides that are oriented to the cardinal points of the compass.
It was written on papyrus, the first paper developed by Egyptians which made it easier to keep records. They also carved into clay or stone tablets. Laws and codes are needed to help control and set justice in society. Documents 2 and 5 mention the early laws and codes society had to bide by. Hammurabi, mentioned in Document 2, was a great ruler in Mesopotamia.