Similarities Between Motivation And Organisational Behaviour

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Organisational behaviour (OB) is the study and understanding of individual and group behaviour and patterns of structure in order to help improve organisational performance and effectiveness). Whereas organisational development (OD) is the of successful organisational change and performance, and organisational effectiveness (OE) can be defined as the efficiency with which an association is able to meet its objectives. This means an organisation that produces a desired effect or an organisation that is productive without waste. Using theories such as McGregor’s theory of X and Y, as well as Herzberg’s motivators and hygiene theory, also Path Goal theory and Schein’s cultural model, I will attempt to analysis these theories to show the similarities between leadership and motivation.
Motivation is the driving force within individuals by which they attempt to achieve some goal in order to fulfil some need or expectation, leadership can be defined as a relationship through which one person influences the behaviour or actions of other people. Social psychologist Douglas McGregor illustrated two contrasting theories on human motivation in the 1960s: The X Theory and the Y Theory. X theory assumes that employees are naturally unmotivated and dislike working, and this encourages an authoritarian style of management. According to this view, management must actively intervene to get things done, where Y theory expounds a participative style of management that
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