This of course got the French and the Russians mad so they teamed up and became apart of the alliance, the Triple Entente. Germany ended up invading neutral Belgium as well which got Great Britain, Belgium's ally, involved. Later, Great Britain joined the Triple Entente making the Triple Alliance their rival which Germany was apart of. This war plan escalated alliances and formed rivalries (Textbook, pg 412-413). A British writer wrote a memoir called Goodbye to All That which is about his experiences from the war.
Then Hitler becomes a dictator. Led to the rise of totalitarianism, the Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, came to power in1933. It can solve the consequent economic, political and social problems of Germany. But it disrupted international order and brought the world to another world, including Germany. Many Germans forgot that they had applauded the fall of the Kaiser, had initially welcomed parliamentary democratic reform, and had rejoiced at the armistice.
Germany was required to pay 132 billion gold marks, or 367 billion US dollars, over a course of thirty years (C, Source 2). This evidence supports the idea that the reparation payments helped cause World War Two because it not only angered the Germans, it also humiliated them. Due to this anger and humiliation, Germany paid little of these payments in the 1920s (C, Source 2). In 1933, German Adolf Hitler came into power and ceased all reparation payments. Germany also lost significant land because of The Treaty of Versailles such as Alsace and Lorraine.
Germany went through a great depression, the government tried to make more money to make the depression go away but this was the worst thing the German government could have done. This caused hyper-inflation. The Treaty of Versailles hurt Germany significantly by hurting their armed forces limiting their army to 100,000 men, hurt their economy and industry by losing the Saar region and Prussia losing fertile farming land due to the agreement of the Treaty of Versailles, along with the other major impacting factors Germany had Kaiser and Germany had to pay approximately 6,600 million pounds.
After Nazi conquered Germany in 1933, they believed Germans were better than they were. During the time of holocaust, the Germans also killed the Gypsies, Slavic people. Other people were killed because of their political, religious, behavior causes, and they could be communist, socialist, and even homosexuals.
During world war 2 the whole world was shocked by the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact which was a neutrality act that prevented two of the most feared dictators in the world, Hitler from Germany and Stalin from the USSR, to attack each other and ally or aid an enemy of the other nation throughout the continuation of the war. The pact was signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939 by ministers of foreign affairs Joachim von Ribbentrop representing Germany and Vyacheslav Molotov representing the USSR. The pact ended in June 22, 1941 after the disastrous invasion of Russia codenamed operation Barbarossa in which Hitler’s army was defeated by the Russian winter resulting in the Germans loss of momentum causing Hitler to become the military general
This created an substantial amount of debt for Germany which in turn created hyperinflation which affected most of the German populace directly. Many people lost their jobs, prices of daily needs, such as bread, went up to ridiculous prices and many people lost their savings in a matter of days so Germany could start to pay off the debt they owed to the Allies. Many people started to lose faith in the Weimar government and the growing Nazi party used the failing economy as a walking-stick to help them rise to power. They presented solutions to the German people, creating a false sense of hope for the people and a volatile trust for their forthcoming policies and proposals as to how the Nazi Party would end the economic crisis and return the people to their prosperous and steady lifestyle. It was the reparations that cause the German people to no longer trust their government, but it was the Nazis who would win back the trust of the people through false
The stipulations of the treaty were categorized into three groups: Territorial, Military and Financial and economic. Germany was coerced by the war guilt clauses to take full responsibility for starting the war and had to pay restitutions that was set to be £6,600 million. The German economy by 1921 was in high difficulty as it was facing huge debts during the war, and was printing lots of money. The continuous printing of more money eventually led to hyperinflation. However, by the end of 1923 Gustav Stresemann (a German politician and statesman who served as Chancellor during that time) had a plan, to pay restitutions and to rebuild Germany within the boundaries.
This is because the Treaty of Versailles was an imperfect agreement that punished Germany too much and negatively affected both Germany and Europe in physical, political, and financial ways. The physical alterations of German land by the treaty led to the expanding displeasure of the German people. As Macmillan (2001) mentions, many echoed similar opinions; "why should Germany lose 13% of its territory and 10% of its population?" As a result of the treaty, Germany lost its overseas colonies, Alsace-Lorraine, Poland, and more. Henig (1995) states that, "the Germans never accepted that they had suffered defeat".
I will explain why I think that the putsch itself failed, but successfully, if indirectly played a part in how the Nazis rose to power. In 1923, Stresemann called off the passive resistance in the Ruhr and agreed that Germany would start paying the reparation fees again. Many right-winged enemies of the Weimar Republic felt betrayed, humiliated and wounded in their pride. Their