The times of the Greeks and Romans have shaped the world we live in today. It has changed society and life as we know it forever. The inspiration and cultural influence from the Greeks and Romans have lived on for many centuries. The Greeks and the Romans had religious beliefs of the afterlife. They both believed in the afterlife and that everyone has a spirit. The conception of afterlife and the ceremonies associated with the burials were already well established by the sixth century B.C. (Heilbrunn). While the Greeks and the Romans share common burial practices and rituals, they differ on what happens to the soul in the afterlife and what is buried with the body.
The Phoenicians and Hebrews both played a big part in shaping the development of world history. First off, the Phoenicians were the ones who developed the Phonetic alphabet; the same model of alphabet that we still use to this day. Not only was it used for English, but other languages adopted it as well. The Greeks modified the Phoenicians alphabet for their language, the Romans based off of the Greeks, and our English is the same script that the Romans used. They also introduced the growing of grapes to many new places in the Mediterranean, which became a large part of the culture there. The Phoenicians were the ones who developed the prosperous commercial centers of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos, which are essential trading
The Ancient Israelites and the Mesopotamians are both early societies in the Middle East. These societies have similar social similarities, such as having the society being patriarchal. They also had the same political laws such as men were recognized as the head of the household. Another similarity is with inheritance. Usually men would inherit property, money, or other values. They both had organized and centralized religion.
Civilizations in Africa and the Americas had very different experiences concerning trade, government and economic opportunities. Axum, emerging at around 50 CE, and Meroe, flourishing in 300 BCE, both appearing on the eastern half of Africa, had connections to the Eurasian empires and large domesticated animals to use in their specialized, imperial economies, while civilizations such as Maya, materializing cultural achievements in 250 CE, and Teotihuacan, developing in 150 BCE, had very little acculturation and no pastoral opportunities. Although Meroe, Axum, Maya and Teotihuacan had several differences including Meroe and Axum’s single, imperial monarch and extensive trading connections in comparison to Maya and Teotihuacan’s elite centered
The Kingdom of Kush was the Empire to the south of the Egypt.Their leader did not rule,their leader suggested and led discussion.Kush’s social structure was similar to Egypt’s.Kush were minor changes and levels.The main order is the Pharoahs on top,nobles,craftsmen,and artisans,and farmers,laborers and slaves at bottom. Also many of the leaders were women and not men.
Old Egypt and China were fundamentally the same as additionally varied from multiple points of view. Their topography was similar.
There are many similarities and differences between the early civilizations of the Middle East and India. The early Middle East civilizations will include Mesopotamia and Egypt. Mesopotamia was founded in 3300 BC, and Egypt was founded around 3000 BC. India was founded around 2500 BC. So these civilizations were founded all around the same time. There are many similarities and differences in their political characteristics, social/cultural characteristics, and economic characteristics.
Greece and Rome, two ancient societies, both influenced many aspects of modern life. Their advancements were utilized in many later cultures. They influenced almost every part of today’s world, such as government, language, and architecture, as well as making scientific advancements. Also, the successes of these two civilizations lead to many countries modeling most of their public facilities and systems after the ones found in Greece and Rome.
The Classical Civilizations, created a foundation of cultures, religions, government values, architecture, and additional contributions. The civilizations consisted of Greece, Rome, China, and India, which contributed many aspects of the world today. Without these civilizations, our current ways of life would be much different than they are. One main benefit from them was trading. Each civilization influenced each other in their ways and growth of trade. Trade in the classical civilization was a significant impact that shaped so much of the coming world.
30. Phoenician trade networks- Since there land did not support an agricultural society they turned to trade and industry. Not only did their trade networks go on land to Mesopotamia and Jerusalem but they soon traded across the seas.
About three to four million years ago, the first humans classified as hominids lived in Africa. Australopithecines were bipedal and were able to make simple tools out of stone. Louis and May Leakey discovered a hominid that they named Homo habilis. These hominids were the first to make tools. With a larger brain, they were able to make better decisions when it came to searching for food. Around 1.5 million years ago, a new variation of the hominid emerged. They were named Homo erectus and were able to make more sophisticated tools. They were the first hominids to leave Africa and travel to parts of Europe and Asia.
The similarities between Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia as far as geography is both civilizations depended on a drainage system for their existence. Most of their surrounding regions were dry and improper for their large scale agriculture. As far as differences, Ancient Egyptians used seasonal flooding of the Nile river for agriculture. Due to the region's dry and hot climate. The Egyptians produced way more food than was needed
The Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman civilizations had some differences although they are very close to each other. First, they had different social systems; the ancient Greek divided their social systems into five categories: slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women , and in the ancient Greek women were not given a position they were like to be less than slaves, but in the ancient Roman civilization they dived into four categories: freedmen, slaves, plebians and patricians, and women were considered citizen if they were not born into slavery, however they were not able to hold any position or vote. Second, The ancient Greek created and developed the three famous classical orders which is Doric, Ionic and Corinthian, On the other hand Ancient Roman took the classical order with making minor differences and created the arch and used it in their buildings. Third, The ancient Greek people focused of their lives, never planning on life in after death, but Ancient Roman people believed that if they were ideal and model citizens they could become god in afterlife, But ancient Roman expanded by conquer but the Ancient Greek were sea traders, Another difference that the ancient Greek used plaster, wood,
Augustus of Prima Porta and the House Altar Depicting Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three of their Daughters both employ symbols and narrative drama to showcase the ruler’s accomplishments and reinforce their right to rule.
Europe, Africa, and the Americas each had intelligent societies developed in them. However, geography of the territories they lived in contributed to the development of these civilizations. Civilizations that lived close to each other often influenced or inspired each other. Moreover, civilizations often took from their predecessors. A key example of this is when the Aztecs destroyed and took over the Toltec Native American’s land. Another example was when the Mali Empire took over the Ghana Empire. Instead of completely throwing away all of the Ghana Empire’s activities, they continued the gold-salt trade through the Sahara. They designed their city similar to the Toltecs, and made it significantly more lavish. Additionally, the ability to trade with neighboring civilizations