Written by Homer, The Iliad, portrays the life of Achilles, and how the Greek Hero allowed anger to overwhelm his decision making. Complications arise when anger leads to hate, pride, or suffering, and Achilles life illustrates the results of anger. Throughout the book anger slowly consumes Achilles and significantly changes results of the Trojan War. Causing him to act foolishly, Achilles’ anger brought harm upon many Greek people. Also, The Iliad teaches that anger caused a downfall to Achilles’ life.
Although he can be an angry monster, Achilles can show his feelings. "…a black cloud of grief came shrouding over Achilles. / Both hands clawing the ground for soot and filth, he poured it over his head, fouled his handsome face… Overpowered in all his power, sprawled in the dust, / Achilles lay there, fallen…" (468) Achilles is furious when he loses Patroclus. This evidence proves that, because of this major loss, Achilles becomes even more
Hector and Achilles both strive for arete and honor, but they have very different intentions and motivations behind this. Hector fights for honor for all Trojans, and to protect his family from falling with Troy. He expresses his feelings of a need to fulfill his duties in Book 6 Extract J ADD QUOTE NEAR LINE 155 OF EXTRACT J. Achilles, on the other hand, fights more for personal honor and glory. He could not bare to think of his name being forgotten. This is what drove him to become courageous and fight in the war, abandoning his other potential fate, where he could have lived a long happy life.
Achilles is seen to be full of wrath in the beginning of the book. This wrath is not caused only because Agamemnon takes his prize of war. He is angry at the system which allows Agamemnon to play around with other people’s honors and the system which allows him to decide who gets how much honor. In other words, Achilles does not like the idea that someone else can decide what happens to his honor, despite him deserving most of the honor in relation to how much he contributes in war. As the story proceeds, Achilles seems to contradict himself a lot, and the concept of honor helps us understand this better.
Throughout the Iliad, these two fierce heroes are ones that never back down from any single adversary nor any obstacle that the gods have placed upon them – whether it be the loss of loved ones, enduring a perilous journey, or even sacrificing one’s life. In the epic the presence of the loss of loved ones is extremely prevalent among the two characters, granted that Achilles encounters a much more personal loss than Hector both characters encounter losses throughout the war. Achilles suffers from the loss of his dear personal friend Patroclus whom was slain in battle by Hector and his men. Crying out in pain and agony Achilles’ mother Thetis arrived to consul her son. While there Thetis
However, two play a largely important role in the epic. They are Athena, whom is wise and tactful, and Poseidon, who is cruel and violent, whom are represented as alter egos to the hero Odysseus. The traits of both deities are portrayed through Odysseus in varying situations, and Odysseus’s journey would not have been the same without those aforementioned traits, or direct intervention from the gods. Athena is a calm goddess who does not fight without just reason, so the anti-Trump. Athena’s wisdom and tactical intelligence are traits often demonstrated by Odysseus,
Hector is a man of family who loves his child and wife and he trusted that Confidence, communication is essential to fabricate a decent association with deference and love to keep the family. Additionally, he can forget war when a little child cries or his kin endure by the war. A While Achilles is ruled by his uncontrollable interests as found in his wrath and proud hardheaded courses and to Achilles is obvious that military glory is more essential than family life. He risks his life keeping in mind the end goal to increase military glory (Homer, Iliad 6.444). Concurring, The Iliad is a poem that indicated Achilles has an incredible love to his mother and his dear fellowship with Patroclus and Briseis.
Granted, he possessed a strong will, a thing very necessary for good leadership. He had no problem exercising authoritativeness, yet Achilles beat him in every other aspect, and all but matches his stubbornness and strong will. Overall, Achilles comes out the true leader, regardless of Agamemnon’s superior rank. Achilles turns the tide of battle where Agamemnon cannot and commands respect when his commander makes a fool of himself. The young Dardan understood the importance of connecting with an audience; an army.
His rage is severe and makes him brash, in fact, this is where the most brutal acts in The Iliad occur. Achilles is so possessed by this furor that he mutilates Trojan bodies, takes on the river god Xanthas and, as stated, kills Hector and desecrates his corpse, known to the audience when it is said that 'Jove had now delivered him into the hands of his foes to do him outrage in his own land.' The Iliad makes it clear that his rage and furor is menin, a Greek term used to describe the 'rage of gods' and incomparable to human rage. His furor is also exemplified when he agrees to return Hector's body to his father, at which point, Achilles weeps for him. This culmination of exaggerated emotions makes Achilles a unique hero as he is not entirely perfect, he too has weaknesses and flaws.
Achilles in the Iliad characterizes both a wrathful and a sullen soul found in Dante’s fifth contrapasso. The difference being Achilles showing the isolation that sin gives the living. As Dante illustrates the collective whole that all the wrathful and sulking souls become, indistinguishable, naked and either combative or bubbling in a living swamp. The portrait Homer gives of anger in Achilles is most helpful in understanding the forms anger can take. The balance emphasized in both epics points to the importance of consequence for