The founder of Mohism was Mozi, better known to his adherents as “Master Mo.” He was greatly revered and obeyed by his peers and followers for his philosophical insight. Philosophers have argued in depth about whether Mozi or Confucius, should be considered the father of philosophy because they both brought something beneficial to Chinese philosophy. Confucius brought the idea of harmony occurring only when each person has proper behavior in their family and society, while Mozi enforced the ideas of morality: being judged by consequences and that people’s actions can only be right if they benefit the majority. Meaning if a person, does good in their life that benefited them personally, even if their action is good, it will be called wrong or incorrect,
In Aristotle’s words, he “is one who considers himself worthy of great things, and is worthy of them” (66:1123b3-4). While this description may strike some as arrogant or self-important, in reality the great-souled man finds the appropriate mean and acts in accordance with virtue, “for he assesses himself in accord with his worth, while the others exceed or fall short of theirs” (67:1123b16-17). It is for this reason that Aristotle holds the great-souled
There are two philosophies on citizenship given by Aristotle in The Politics, and Marcus Aurelius in Meditations. I think that Aristotle’s theory is superior to that of Marcus Aurelius. I believe Aristotle gives a better description and real-world application on the idea of citizenship. Though his theory contains some ideas that are controversial in modern days I think we can use the rest of his theory to fix that. Aristotle does a far better job at analyzing the formation of a village, and how that can grow into a state.
The Greeks played an important role in the foundation of Western Civilization’s political science (Wolfe 1). Behind the establishment of democracy lies a legacy filled of empowerment, strategic leadership, and loyalty that lead to the ultimate victory of political freedom. There were many Greeks however, who opposed and argued against democracy, but for the Athenians it’s what made Athens great. Athenians enjoyed a life enriched with their views of freedom, believing this is what allowed humans to reach their fullest potential (8). Political freedom did not come easy, yet was birthed from a war that changed the course of Civilization worldwide.
PLATO: A PHILOSOPHER’S LEGACY Plato was a Greek philosopher that believed in eliminating all wrong and focusing on the good of everything as did his teacher, Socrates. He started the Athens’ Academy, striving to make ordinary people into philosophers so many could think, speak, and even vote more wisely than before. He, even today, remains a very important figure that inspired many other philosophers. Plato’s parents were Ariston and Perictione, and he had three siblings and one half-brother. He is very well-known for his numerous theories on ethical questions and such as his Theory of Forms.
Aristotle inspired him with an interest in philosophy, medicine, and scientific investigation. After awhile, Alexander the Great decided he wanted to expand his education further than Aristotle would take him. Alexander the Great was a great leader and general. Alexander conquered territory after territory gaining people’s trust and support.
According to Socrates, virtue is good and is a kind of knowledge. He starts his argument by stating in 87d that virtue is good. Following this, Socrates claims that “If then there is anything else good that is different and separate from knowledge, virtue might well not be a kind of knowledge” (87d). I interpret this to mean that if good is a subset knowledge, then virtue is a kind of knowledge. He then follows this by examining how virtue is good in order to show that is a kind of knowledge.
Excellent Speaker According to Socrates, a clever speaker is the one who talks the truth and is an orator like himself. Socrates asserts that phrases and words adorn the speech f a good speaker. Words and phrases adorn beautifully spoken speeches. Furthermore, Socrates characterizes an excellent speaker with randomly spoken words and the one who does not fabricate speeches in the way that most youths do. Lastly, Socrates considers orators to have a virtue of speaking things that can are justifiable and speak the truth.
In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle says that “the excellent person is related to [their] friend in the same way as he is related to [themselves], since a friend is another [themselves]” (1170b). It must initially be established that Aristotle thinks only virtuous people can have true friendship because “bad people find no enjoyment in one another if they get no benefit” (1157a). A truly excellent friendship between excellent people is “immune to slander” because both friends know each other deeply and fully trust one another. Healthy friendships among virtuous people are also balanced: both individuals understand each other’s needs. The relationship is harmonious because the happiness of one is inextricably linked to the other.