The Euthyphro is one of Plato’s classic dialogues. It is a well-verbalized piece which deals with the question of ethics, consisting of a conversation between Socrates and one other person who claims to be an expert in a certain field of ethics. It is additionally riddled with Socratic irony in which Socrates poses as the incognizant student hoping to learn from a supposed expert, when in fact he shows Euthyphro to be the nescient one who kens nothing about the subject being holiness. Plato's main goal is to edify us, and he believes firmly that cognizance only comes when we are able to justify and account for our true credences. Thus, edifying is not simply a matter of giving the right answers.
He then follows this by examining how virtue is good in order to show that is a kind of knowledge. Socrates establishes that bodily goods and qualities of the soul cannot be harmful or beneficial in and of themselves. Firstly, he states that since virtue is good, and all good things are beneficial; therefore, virtue is beneficial (87e). Giving examples of things that are beneficial, Socrates lists bodily goods such as health, strength, beauty and wealth (87e). Despite their ability to benefit us, Socrates illustrates that these things also have the capability of harming us
(Ambury, p.6). Socrates used this specific type of ignorance possibly to show that he was not judging or voicing his own opinion when conversing with others. With that, Socrates claimed that this ignorance he had, is that he recognized his own absence of knowledge (Ambury, p.8). One can assume that with his ability to acknowledge the state of knowing nothing, Socrates never would try to tell what was right or wrong with the moral beliefs that people had. His ignorance was very helpful, giving him an immense advantage when paired with the Socratic method.
According to Treviño & Brown, 2005 “Ethical leaders are thought to be moral persons because they are honest and trustworthy, take good care of their people, and do the right things in both their personal and professional lives. They make decisions based on values and ethical decision rules, and they are fair and concerned about stakeholders’ interests and long-term outcomes”. Ebbers did not display nor demonstrated any of the above characteristics of ethical leaders, he rather displayed unethical characteristics which was not obvious but was later exposed and the outcomes was in different forms of scandals. Yes, Ebbers could have used characteristics of ethical leaders to accomplish a successful results and outcomes
In this way, the soul can “recollect” or remember the perfect wisdom of knowledge because it does not rely on the body or the human senses. For Socrates, it is important to understand that the soul cannot be corrupted by the body, which allows it to recollect the perfect truth of the Forms. Do you see what I mean? Socrates is actually comparing the human soul with the perfect knowledge of the Forms, which never “forgets” what it has learned. This explanation of Cebes’ quote illustrates why Socrates believes that human beings can “recollect” the true knowledge of the soul by overcoming the limitations of the human senses.
He clarifies that one should not kill themselves to get there and in order to receive a good after life one should not take their own life away, as it is surely wrong and we would want our soul to be pure. This basically puts forward the idea that there is another place which we go to that consists of better forms of beauty and justice making Socrates not afraid of death; “That is why i am not so resentful because i have good hope that some future awaits men after death, as we have been told for years, a much better future for the good than the wicked.(63c). In order to reach this place, Socrates says it is essential to avoid the simple pleasures our body manipulates us into
Without these virtues, he believes that a good life could not be obtained. In The Republic, Plato also discussed two different forms of morality; the instrumental theory of morality and the functionalist theory of morality. Within the first form, he states that consequences of one 's action will determine if the action is wrong or right. But in contrast, he argues that this wasn 't correct, and the second form was. In the second form, he believes that everyone and everything has a purpose and that one 's action is morally right or wrong depending on the effect of that purpose.
Socrates Ideas, Values and Meanings Socrates philosophy talks about several values accredited to human beings. He based them on the people who accused him concerning his teachings. For example, Socrates gives his thoughts concerning the traits of an excellent speaker, mortality, human wisdom and unexamined life. Below is the discussion of these issues. Excellent Speaker According to Socrates, a clever speaker is the one who talks the truth and is an orator like himself.
“There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance”. Socrates stated that people will instinctively do what is good, if they know what is right - stating that morality is only effective if society is enlightened through knowledge. Which raises further questions such as “what is knowledge, how do we know what we know, are we justified in knowing what we know?” Plato and Aristotle dedicated a lot of their time to a field of Philosophy: Epistemology. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. It tackles issues of production of knowledge and scepticism.
Eisele in his article ‘Must Virtue Be Taught?’ he states that indeed it can because even though the main theory is that virtue is knowledge and that it may be taught, there is no one to fully comprehend and define what virtue is and share the understanding of it with others. Eisle presents an insightful new theory that Socrates knows what virtue is and how to teach it because he is the best example of it. With virtue being equivalent to excellence, Eisle argues that Socrates ‘performs excellence in his incessant questioning and questing’ (Eisle, 1987: