The Golden Age of Athens is some times referred to as the Age of Pericles. For example, the East pediment of the Parthenon depicts the birth of Athena from the head of Zeus. All of the figures in the pediment are in a human form, including the gods and goddesses and Athena herself. This is a way of bringing the gods down to a level that can be recognized and understood by humans who worship them. This is true of all the Greek statues of gods and goddesses such as the gold and ivory statue of the goddess Athena that stood in the Parthenon itself.
Built by king Attalos II, the stoa of Attalos is a perfect example of the concept of the ancient Greeks stoas. Like Greeks stoas, the stoa of Attalos contained double colonnades with a row of galleries and markets behind the colonnades. In addition, the stoa had two different orders of Greek columns. The rooms of the building were lighted through aisles and small windows. The structure was built from the local materials for ancient Greek.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Greece first began constructions in 447 BCE — a temple of Doric order with Ionic features made in dedication to Greek goddess of war, Athena. Under the influence of Pericles and the assistance of over hundreds of people, the temple was completed in 432 BCE. With an appearance similar to that of a sculpture, dimensions akin to that of the Golden Ratio, and harmonious values in its shape — it was no wonder that the Parthenon embodied many 5th century Athenian values; to achieve arete, also known as perfection. It was known that the Greeks were obsessed with the concept of the Golden Ratio, also widely known as phi, and it was no surprise that the Parthenon followed said concept, due to Phidias, a Greek sculptor,
Greece is well known for its works of architecture such as the Temple of Zeus and the Parthenon. Trade brought an influx of new and reimagined design to the front doors of Greece. Older works of architecture where made of wood and mud-brick. These didn’t seem to be a permanent structure more like a base for future references. As time progressed so did the architecture, more building, temples, and homes sprouted across Greece and became more permanent.
Built more than 1800 years ago, the magnificent Pantheon still stands as a reminder of the great Roman Empire. The name Pantheon refers to the building's original function as a temple for all the gods. Before the
Critical analysis of the Pantheon. The pantheon is a nearly 2000-year-old roman temple that still inspires architects and artist alike. The structure was originally built in c. 27 BCE and dedicated by Marcus Agrippa. Comprised of a 142ft wide 142ft tall rotunda under a coffered concrete dome connected to a Greek style porch. It remains the best preserved roman structure to date being the only structure of its size and age to have survived intact.
The Parthenon building consists of the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns. These orders are distinguished by their capitals at the top of the column. They are either short and thick, as in the case of the Doric column or tall and slimmer, as in the case of the Iconic columns, the dimensions of either of which is indicative of strength and or power. According to Ricard (2010), “Doric is not only a type of column, but an "order"; this means that temples of the Doric order not only have this type of column, but also have a certain structure at the upper levels”. This could be interpreted as a reflection of the social class system of Greece, of which, Batista (2017) argues that, “Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the
They built magnificent temples, theaters, and other public buildings through the city. To draw attention to their buildings they added works of art both painted and sculptured.With art and architecture, the Athenians impacted the development of Greece, making it beautiful and creative. The Greeks expressed their love of visual beauty through Art by telling stories throughout their work. According to Donn, “ the designs on their pottery told a
to 500 A.D. ( Roman ). The ancient Romans of the Pantheon to honor the 12 most powerful gods and goddesses (Gedacht 6). The Pantheon is one of the most amazing domes in Rome. The Pantheon was ordered by Emperor Hadrian to honor all the gods, it was completed and 125 A.D. it's dome was built with 5,000 tons of
The architecture of the pantheon is very unique. The pillars are constructed in Doric order. For our essay report we all have been asked to find a question to research on (research question) my one is Why was the Parthenon built? The reason to choose this is because it is interesting to know why this was built, to whom it was built, why it was built on top of the Acropolises. 1st body paragraph What did the Architecture of the Parthenon have to do with Goddess Athena?