In Ancient Rome History, one of the greatest, if not the greatest rival of Rome in terms of power, financial and military strength was Carthage. Both nations were superpowers of their time, and were the two dominant figures in the western Mediterranean, for Carthage, and Italian peninsula, for Rome. In this essay, I will analyze how Carthage grew to the point of being almost as powerful as Rome by showing the strengths of both superpowers, and also explaining how this, ultimately led to Rome becoming a naval power. In the Ancient times of the Mediterranean Sea, Carthage and Rome rose both around the Mediterranean Sea, but in opposite sides. As these two ancient superpowers developed independently on different sides of the Mediterranean, they
HIST 1421: GREEK AND ROMAN CIVILIZATION Written Assignment Unit 5 Introduction When we think about ancient empires and their rivalries, many often refer to the Roman Empire and the Carthage Empire. Like an ancient west side versus east side story, the Roman Empire and the Carthage rose to power in their respective territories around the same time with the Carthage empire situated in the Mediterranean region and the Roman empire locate around the Italian Peninsula. These two empires have fought each other numerous times but for this write, we shall focus on the Carthage Empire and its rise to power. Body As I stated above, Carthage and Rome rose to power around the same time. For Carthage, this surge in strength stemmed from the hard work
Both Carthage and Rome fought long and hard for the victories of the Punic Wars. . The Punic Wars were an example of Rome's great wealth and size, and Cartridges leaders, strategies and government. Hannibal strategies, bravery and determination led him to be very successful in the first Punic War, but because of his lack of support from the council and small army, gave rome a great leg up, leading them to victory. If Rome's wealth and size was removed they would not have had conquered Carthage.
Carthage was a colony of Tyre, before becoming a commercial giant, it was the capital city on the coast of North Africa. (Morey, W,C, 1901). The government of Carthage was similar to that of Rome in structure, they had two suffettes which were the equivalent of Roman consuls, it also had a council of elders called the ‘Hundred’ which were the equivalent of the senate of Rome. The government was although similar in some respects was also greatly different, as we have seen before in Greece, Carthage was ruled by a few wealthy families (Morey, W,C, 1901). The main problem Carthage had was that it failed to understand the Roman philosophy of incorporating its citizens from conquered cities, therefore Rome had more loyalty from their citizens than Carthage could hope for.
Lia Hansen 1B The Rise of Rome Reading Checks: “What role did geography play in the prosperity and defensibility of Rome?”: The role that geography plays in the prosperity and defensibility of Rome was that it played an important role in development. “How did the Romans gain support for their empire?”: How the Romans gained support for their empire was because they believed that their earliest ancestors were successful by their sense of duty, courage, and discipline. This gave the Romans to be good diplomats, having their own state-run their own internal affairs, and extending military matters while also having accomplished soldier. The Romans also built roads to move troops to their territory. “How did the differences between plebeians and patricians prevent Rome
The causes of the war can be simply explained through the three phases that led to the war in the first place. The Peloponnesian War’s started off was when the first phase occurred which was remarkable and was called the Archidamian War where Sparta launched a series of repeated attacks on Attica while Athens was busy using its naval superiority to raid the entire coast of Peloponnese. This phase was completed in 421 BC through the signing of the famous Peace of Nicias treaty. The war then started off again and this time it was caused to escalate when war broke out again in Peloponnese resulting in Athens sending a colossal expeditionary force to invade Syracuse in Sicily leading to the attack failing in 413 BC. This resulted to what was later called the Decelean War or the Ionian War where Sparta aided by Persians were involved in supporting rebellions in various Athenian controlled cities such as Ionia and Aegean.
Civilization during the ancient times rose and fell within a century, but anomalies emerged because of strong economies. The Egyptian, Chinese, and Roman civilizations were just a few; however many societies clashed due to their thriving economies. The Roman Republic, in particular, came up on top, and the result was Rome having one of the most secure and successful economies to date. Julius Caesar was Rome’s most successful leaders and he paved the road for the Rome’s future and leaders to possess the most prosperous economy in ancient history. Despite constant warfare with other civilizations, Rome’s economy flourished due to improving agricultural tools and methods, increasing commerce across land and water, and exploiting slaves for free
They could attend races, the theater, and inherit, own, and sell land. Slavery was very common in the Roman families and Rome in general. Slaves were used as cooks, waiters, shop assistants, craftspeople, and so much more. The slaves soon became tired of this, and many began to revolt. The most famous was by the gladiator, Spartacus, who captured, crucified, and defeated many Romans.
In ancient history Romans have always been the dominant force that would build itself back up and strengthen into a major civilization for hundreds of years to come. Although, what a lot of people don’t know is how the Romans initially began or perceived to be created as a people that was born from mythological stories that tied into their own culture at the time. Titus Livius (Livy) was an historian that wrote many books on the history of Rome, but today we will only go through an English translation from 1919 of Livy’ first book. We will be discussing what happened (what was written down as the origin of Rome), some interesting points in the text, and analyze the way Livy wrote/structured his work. Let’s start with a summary of what the book is about.
Ten Cohorts combined with a calvary force, created a legion. A Legatus Legionis commanded the entire legion, or roughly 5,000 men, in battle and usually was a senator. A Consul was an elected military and civil leader. The chain of command the Romans created alongside their ranks shows some similarities to modern militaries. This chain of command gave clear roles to every Roman soldier and offered benefits such as wages and possible land.