The moon has orbited the earth for over 4 billion years. Many scientists hold different opinions on how the moon was really formed. There are three main thoughts on how the moon was formed, these being:the giant impact theory, the co-formation theory and the capture theory. But the question still remains, how was the moon created?
During this time, scientists conducted experiments using new instruments, like the microscope, while going through experiments with the scientific method (p. 346). Nicolaus Copernicus developed the heliocentric theory which said that the Sun is the center of the universe. This was kind a controversial statement because most people disagreed with the theory because it “contradicted the evidence of the sense” (p. 347). Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei were both mathematicians who indirectly worked together to provide concrete evidence that the Earth does revolve around the Sun (p. 347). Galileo used a telescope to see bumps on the moon and the rings on Saturn.
Newton’s theories came under opposition. He patiently fought against those oppositions by continuing his work. During his intense optical research Newton invented the sextant, a device for measuring the distance between the moon and the stars. A modern version of this devise is still used among sailors
Bohr also used that discovery to find that electrons travel in orbits around the nucleus. Rutherford’s model is called the “solar system model” because in his model because the electrons orbit the nucleus almost like they are like planets orbiting the sun. Rutherford paved the way for the modern model of the atom. He also theorized the existence of the neutron which later was confirmed by James Chadwick in 1932. Though he was wrong about the atom being held together by electromagnetic force, his theory led to the discovery of the strong
Albert Einstein changed America with his many scientific discoveries. Born in Ulm, Germany in 1879, Einstein immigrated to America in 1933. He is most known for his theory of relativity, which “proposed a revolutionary conception of the physical world, suggesting that time, mass, and length were not fixed absolutes, but dependent on the motion of the observer” (How I See the World).
“Fundamental to the conspiracy theory is our supposed inability to go to the Moon. The thought of humans traveling to the Moon was so fantastic even early science-fiction writers didn't predict it happening for centuries to come”(Villard). The rockets that made the moon landing possible were based upon the principles that were founded by Isaac Newton centuries ago, meaning that the underlying science was already there. The Saturn V rockets were more than capable of taking a man to the moon, and it was seen by thousands of eyewitnesses and media who saw the rocket blast off from the Kennedy space center in Florida (Villard). Those who claim that NASA could not reach the moon in the 1960’s discredit the hardworking engineers and scientists who paved the way for a lunar
“Mystery creates wonder and wonder is the basis of man's desire to understand.” Neil Armstrong answered his own quote by becoming the first person to land the moon and help advance space exploration. For this reason, Neil Armstrong is the most influential person of all time. He is influential for many reasons, some being how machines for space exploration are built, also because of his many achievements and accomplishments, and for how his life story. Neil Armstrong has become a very influential person because he made a big difference to how machines are built for space exploration.
Newton expresses the principles by mathematical, and himself also indicated that principles not philosophical but mathematical (60). However, this only shows how the physical world works. For example, Newton can prove the force imposing on planets to maintain them in their elliptical orbits ‘decreased in the proportion of the square of the distances reciprocally’ by mathematical way (52). Also, he suggested the principle of inertia, which objects maintain in a rest state or uniform motion in a straight line (56). These two theories give a great effect.
Questions of concepts native to Physics became intimate areas of creativity for Pynchon. A variety of such concepts show up in all Pynchon novels, but Gravity’s Rainbow is positively saturated in them. Engineering Physics is ubiquitous throughout the novel. Brian Stonehill, in an excerpt from his study, Artifice in Fiction, concludes that Pynchon’s use of scientific terminology is an integral ingredient in Gravity’s Rainbow (437). He’s right, since even the novel’s title, Gravity’s Rainbow, refers to the arc of a propelled object, including the famous rocket, around which the novel is based.
Before modern technology allowed astronomers to determine the exact distances between the Earth and other objects in the solar system, they had to rely on alternative methods to make these measurements. Two scientists who made some of these early measurements were Johannes Kepler and Giovanni Cassini. Kepler used the time of a planet’s orbit to determine the relative distance between the Earth and other objects, while Cassini used the parallax method to estimate distances. Johannes Kepler was born in 1571 in a small town called Weil der Swadt in Swabia, Germany and is well known for discovering the three laws of planetary motion. In 1589 he began his college level education in Tubingen at the Protestant university there.
In 1668 the world 's first reflecting telescope was built by a well known scientist, Isaac Newton. Although Newton accomplished many things in his life he also faced many struggles growing up. Not only did Newton invent the world 's first reflecting telescope he developed the three laws of motion, discovered many new facts about gravity and had many other accomplishments throughout his lifetime. Isaac Newton is often referred to as one of the most influential scientists. He and Albert Einstein are almost equally matched contenders for this title (The Doc, 2015).
Griffith Observatory Did you know that people have been building observatories since the 200s B.C.? An observatory, by definition, is a place or building equipped and used for making observations of astronomical, meteorological, or other natural phenomena, especially a place equipped with a powerful telescope for observing the planets and stars. Human beings have always been interested in the idea of discovering the unknown, and discovering space is no exception. But only through the last few hundreds of years have we really been able to make advances in astronomy due to large telescopes placed in the observatories. Some of the major observatories in the world are the Mauna Kea Observatory, the Arecibo Observatory, and the Yerkes Observatory.
The gravitational pull of Saturn and its moons on the ring particles causes some interesting patterns to form in the rings and these patterns are so called “waves” which are really tightly-wound spirals. The gravitational pull of both Saturn and its moon form two types of waves normally on the rings which are "spiral density waves", and "spiral bending waves" (as per the location of the moon around the rings). Now scientist and researchers are focusing their study toward Saturn’s rings and its moons. This research may help to predict the presence of rings and the source of ice in the rings. This can also explain about the formation of rings around other planets like Uranus, Jupiter and Neptune, and distant asteroids Chiron and Chariklo.
I also started to think about the Drake equation, which I learned about in high school. The Drake equation looks at different things like the formation of stars and the probability of other life-sustaining planets, which in turn gives us a number of civilizations in the Milky Way Galaxy that we can detect electromagnetic emissions from (The Drake Equation). While I thought quite a bit about extraterrestrial life, I also thought about the fact we are stuck on Earth. The first thing that immediately comes to mind with that is how we are going to produce enough food. In the paper we discussed during class on Thursday, the data showed that we are using a significant amount of our natural resources in the production of beef cattle, and my thoughts on this are that we should transition to meats that don’t use as many resources.
My dad showed me the location of Orion 's belt and I never forgot it. As I got older and my letter to Hogwarts arrived I realized that the night sky was not, in fact, solely a natural force. You see, to muggles astronomy is the study of how the objects in space affect natural phenomenon whereas wizarding astronomy is the study of how objects in space affect magic. In muggle astronomy the moon can affect things like the tide.