Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
There are two major parties in this civilization, the democrats, and the republicans. The democrats are considered Liberal, and left-leaning, whereas the republicans are conservative, and right-leaning. Although ancient Greece had a few democratic ideas, some ideas such as women weren’t allowed to vote, is not under the category of a true democracy. All people are equal, so why weren’t women allowed to vote?
Athens and Sparta shared many common values and views but also had their differences. They were both city-states which is a city and its surrounding villages functioning as an independent political unit. Athens and Sparta were city-States over empires because of all of the mountains in Greece that separated the land and they acted as a modern day state would. For example, one city-state would have different views and government than a city-state on the other side of a mountain. Athens and Sparta had similar values and views on how to treat people, but had differed views on education and government.
Introduction Athens and Sparta were two great Ancient Greek city-states that were quite distinct in a number of area but also had a great number of similarities. Those dissimilarities are what kept the two great city-states apart while those similarities are what bound them and united them as Greek city-states. For example, both city-states had differences and similarities in their structure of government, military, education, judgment, view of women, etc. In this paper, I will try to analysis the government structure, and daily life in both Athens and Sparta, then finalize by deciding which of the city-states I will choose to live in if I had the choice. An overall conclusion will then end the paper.
The Athenian laws are not emulated by any others; they are their own. Athens had a democracy and other Greek city-states looked to Athens to base their laws. To Pericles, Athens emulated the best of
1. What is essential to the “preservation of liberty?” How should this “be so constituted?” The powers of government must be separated in order to preserve liberty To do this, the members of one branch should have little to no power over the selection of members of another branch
What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
In fact, the real power that that the middle class had for role in the Constitution was to elect the member of House of Representatives, which they had less power in the three branches. According to Brutus in Letter number IV of the Anti-federalist Papers, each state should have an equal, full, and fair representation, without this it cannot be a free government (Document F). This would lead the common man to no voices among these three branches. The purpose of the creating the Constitution was to create a strong federal government that would
However, the militarized society of Sparta and the warrior mindset didn’t chose alienation of the masses over the integration of the weakest members of the society. With that in mind, we will now look at the finer details of the governmental systems of these two city states. Discussion How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Athenians participated in the public life and the process of decision making for the community, by the means of direct democracy; Thetes - all free male members who were also a citizen of Athens – had the right to partake in debates and passing laws in Ekklesia or “People’s
Sparta seemed intent on consolidating power amongst its aristocratic families, while Athens moved in a different direction, attempting to keep power from gathering around any specific group, How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures, and how did they differ? Both societies had a public assembly in which every citizen could make themselves heard. Both had relatively short terms of public office, (excluding the Gerousia) and both believed in reaching a consensus before enacting policy. Athens had a much larger group of citizens who had a much greater influence on matters of policy, and Sparta was a much more streamlined machine, geared toward making war, and maintaining military readiness.
The Articles of Confederation did not adequately control and decrease the negative impacts of groups on the country, and in this manner another government was essential. The administration laid out in the Constitution was perfect since it was a republic, an agent government that would keep self-intrigued interests from holding an excessive amount of influence over the legislature. It was equally substantial, containing agents from each state and various vested parties, making it troublesome for one faction to overwhelm and stifle the others. Delegates would be chosen by a large group of individuals, assuring that just the most commendable would hold office. At last, laws were gone by the entire country, making it troublesome for issues in one state to invade and influence others.
The bill of rights is a list of rights the framers thought should be written out to be protected. Although these didn’t protect minority groups such as African American slaves. The new democracy only allowed white, landowning males to have the right to vote. Minority groups could have a distrust in the democracy if the democracy does not grant them the same rights as white men. It wasn’t until the fifteenth amendment when it stated, "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
At the time of the founding of the United States almost all other political systems in the world were authoritarian governments in which rulers fully controlled the government. It was because of oppression by England’s monarchy that the Americans protested for a government that gave the power back to the people. It was then that the Framers of the constitution established a republic. When writing the constitution the framers established a republic not a democracy, however today many people say we have a representative democracy.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote.
Most of the states in the U.S are controlled by laws set by the government. In a democracy the laws created are supposed to be voted on by the people. As of today we need confirmation if the law can be passed by all three legislative branches. This is the complete