The Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies lived in two very distinct sphere of influence, as they were Polytheist and monotheist, respectably. This difference ensured that each society would operate using different methods.
Solomon became King of Israel and divided the kingdom into twelve districts. Solomon decided to divide the kingdom into the districts so his kingdom can be more sophisticated as his Near East neighbors kingdoms. After Solomon became King he built a temple. The temple was devoted in a grand style. The temple was a home of the Ark of the Covenant that cherished Hebrew religious practices. The temple symbolized as the heart of the Kingdom. Once the temple was made Solomon redesigned a “rude” kingdom to a sophisticated kingdom. The Kingdom was known as one of the most untied kingdoms of its time. After the death of Solomon, the Kingdom divided into two halves, the
The Assyrian empire and the Persian empire were two of the earliest major empires in the world. The Assyrians came in to power first, ruling from 900 BC to about 600 BC and with the help of Cyrus the Great, the Persians rose to power around 550BC. The Assyrian and Persian militaries shared many similarities, but they also differed in some aspects. Some of their similarities include their battle tactics, the organization of their armies, and their success in conquering societies. One of the major differences that stood out the most was that the Assyrians used a more brutal approach when conquering and the Persians used a more enlighten approach and were more tolerant. When comparing the two military systems, it is easy to see that the Assyrians were a more hostile group than the Persians.
About three to four million years ago, the first humans classified as hominids lived in Africa. Australopithecines were bipedal and were able to make simple tools out of stone. Louis and May Leakey discovered a hominid that they named Homo habilis. These hominids were the first to make tools. With a larger brain, they were able to make better decisions when it came to searching for food. Around 1.5 million years ago, a new variation of the hominid emerged. They were named Homo erectus and were able to make more sophisticated tools. They were the first hominids to leave Africa and travel to parts of Europe and Asia.
Our government is based on a theocracy. A theocracy is a government in which the religious authority rules. This person who rules Egypt is the pharaoh. The pharaoh is considered to be godlike and have ka, or an eternal life force. Besides being religiously involved, he is also responsible for the government, army, and justice of the kingdom. We believe that he is responsible for the Nile’s flow, sun rise, etc. Famous pharaohs are Tutankhamun and Cleopatra. This government system is better than others because it easier to obtain control, laws or orders are applied more quickly, and social reform can be created more efficiently.
Babylonian and Assyrian laws serve as the foundation of what we know as law today. Their primitive senses of justice set up systems of power in which humans were looked at as gods and seen as supernatural vessels to the spirit world. Mesopotamia became one of the trendsetters in religion being assimilated in politics. Although, the king was seen as a god himself, people viewed the king as the closest being to their gods of worship. After being given so much power and responsibility, the reliability of the king comes into question.
Ancient Egyptian literature reading by Miriam Lichtheim includes many broad collections of literary genres and literary styles of Ancient Egypt. The Ancient Egyptian state is the longest-lived state in world history. Ancient Egypt was broken up into three ages called the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms. Each Kingdom was broken into dynasties, which were lines of rulers with an ancestor in common. During each Kingdom, innovative advancements were made that benefited the country of Egypt and its people. I am going to briefly talk about each Kingdom of Egypt and then, mainly focus on summarizing ‘the Building Inscription of Sesostris I’ of the Middle Kingdom using the reading assignment from Ancient
The Egyptians were not allowed to worship publicly due to their believe that the gods had to be appeased with prayer and offering, they preferred to worship their god in cult temple. The king will assign a priest to conduct the worship because they see their gods as benevolent and powerful during the festival period, however, the gods can be brought to public for individuals to worship and only the official were allowed to stand in the gods in order to intercede for the citizens of the Egyptians (Frankfort, 2011).There are some citizens among the Egyptians that worshiped private sculptures in their homes. The religious ceremonies and practice help civilized the Egyptian empire and on the other hands Byzantine Empire acquired regions beliefs such as Muslims and Christian practice that help civilized and developed their
These two ancient civilizations shared similar social structures as both divided their citizens into different classes. During the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt, people were divided into seven different levels. At the top was the Pharaoh with the government officials, nobles and priests below him/her. The fourth level consisted of the scribes and soldiers with the craftsmen and merchants making up the middle class in the fifth level. Farmers and unskilled individuals were in the sixth level with the slaves making up the lowest level. As would be expected, each level of the social chain came with specific duties. The top of the social chain was called the Pharaoh, which was the political and social leader of Egypt. The Pharaoh’s duty was
Greece and Rome shared aspects of their belief systems, social structure, and expansion and conflict. Both civilizations were parallel in their belief systems and both had similar social class values and ideas. Greece and Rome are different in the area of state building. The type of government structure was diverse in that Greece had regional kingdoms and Rome was centralized. These civilizations are the two most similar classical civilizations. In their timelines, these civilizations had a series of the same events and led to comparable societies. These cultures have spread and sustained the most popular religion today. Greco-Roman culture has given us comparable ideas about government and other everyday aspects of our lives.
The Hittite and the Arab Empire were two powerful empires that thrived for more than 500 years across the Middle East. The Hittite and Arab Empire used the geography to aid them for hundreds of years. These two empires have many differences than similarities such as geography, size, and government. These differences controlled the way each Empire was ruled and why they had success and why the failed. They also had similarities that had positive and negative impacts upon the empires.
Today I will be comparing and contrasting two major early empire’s we learned about in Chapter two that are located in Southwest Asia. The three empires include the Persiansand the Assyrians Empires. These empires have many similarities and differences that we will be talking about today.
The role of the elites in the Mesopotamian society was to amass as much wealth as they could. Learning to write was a skill made for elites to increase their power. (Pg.40) They ran their societies just beneath the priests and king. They owned massive amounts of land and had free men and women tend to it by giving them rations of food or they would force slaves to complete the task. (Pg.39) The role of the elites in Egypt was to assist the king. The elites in both Mesopotamian had more power where they owned abundance of land and slaves, whereas the Egyptian elites were more for assisting the king.
The Middle Kingdom (mid-Dynasty 11–Dynasty 13, ca. 2030–1640 B.C.) began when Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II reunited Upper and Lower Egypt, location the stage for a second great peak of Egyptian culture. originally from the courtyard, MMA excavations, 1921–22