Simmel's Theory Of Conflict Theory

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Basis of modern science of conflict is studies of German, Austrian, American sociologists of the 20th century: G.Simmel, L. Gumplowicz, D. Smalley, W. Sumner, R. Dahrendorf, Parsons. Conflict was recognized as normal social phenomenon. A number of biological, psychological, social and other factors inevitably generate conflict.
Most scientists refer Georg Simmel to the founders of Theoretical conflictology. Namely Simmel introduced in the scientific revolution, the term "sociology of conflict." His work in this area is fundamental. Among them - "Social differentiation."
According to Simmel, the conflict in society is inevitable and universal, as it stimulates and develops change society in the better way. In society, there are various groups
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“Conflict is a struggle over values and claims to scarce status, power, and resources, in which the aims of the opponents are to neutralize, injure, or eliminate the rivals”. (L. Coser,…show more content…
On how individuals evaluate the behavior of another individual, how he projects a conflict behavior depend conflict stability of person.
In modern conflictology Thomas and Kilmann identified the following five basic styles of behavior in conflict situations:
1. Competing is assertive and uncooperative—an individual pursues his own concerns at the other person 's expense.
2. Accommodating is unassertive and cooperative—the complete opposite of competing. When accommodating, the individual neglects his own concerns to satisfy the concerns of the other person.
3. Avoiding is unassertive and uncooperative—the person neither pursues his own concerns nor those of the other individual.
4. Collaborating is both assertive and cooperative—the complete opposite of avoiding. Collaborating involves an attempt to work with others to find some solution that fully satisfies their concerns.
5. Compromising is moderate in both assertiveness and cooperativeness. The objective is to find some expedient, mutually acceptable solution that partially satisfies both parties. In some situations, compromising might mean splitting the difference between the two positions, exchanging concessions, or seeking a quick middle-ground
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