In Kate Chopin’s literary piece “The Awakening” she uses the literary school of criticism of feminist criticism to criticize the feminist standpoint in the novel and the time period the novel was written. Kate Chopin uses self experiences of feminism that she faced to create her novel “The Awakening”. "she experienced a revival in the latter part of the twentieth century because of her concerns with women 's issues, especially their freedom from societal (particularly masculine) mandates” (Timko). Kate Chopin was recognized more in the later part of the twentieth century because of concerns she had with the women 's issues for their freedom and the social aspect of their male partners. With the concerns that Chopin had for the freedom of the women and the social part of their relationship with men and had decided to show her concerns through the novel.
It was a product of the second wave of feminism, which was in 1960s Peter Barry, Beginning Theory An Introduction To Literary And Cultural Theory, third edition, Manchester University Press, P. 116) . The feminist literary movement mainly focused on the representation of women in literature, recognising the role that is portrayed by language on what is socially constructed, view if women and men were essentially different due to biology or social construct, explore female language in the text, and to make it clear whether the ideological base of the text is neutral or mainstream (Barry, P. 128, 129) Sylvia Plath was an American writer, she wrote many poems and was mostly recognized as a poet, however, she did write novels, short stories, and children’s books. She was born in 1932 and committed suicide in 1963, she was only 30 years of age. Her most notable works are Ariel, which is a collection of poems, it was published posthumously in 1965 by her husband Ted Hughes -who was
She was very well-educated (fluent in six languages) and she is known for her intelligence, shrewdness and determination. Her 45-year reign is one of the most glorious. She lay down in the 39 Articles of 1563, a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. She is criticized as autocratic and capricious but she was also appreciated for her astute political judgment and chose her ministers well. Arts flourished at her kingdom- the first performance of Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ took place then.
Both within Deontological and Utilitarian Ethics, the regulatory ideal implies an objective inherent value which justifies the possibility of making moral judgements. Nietzsche marks a shift in paradigm by reframing the regulatory ideal and implicitly the fundaments of its justification. To better understand what Nietzsche’s Moral Philosophy is, we must also take a brief overview of his Philosophical paradigm. For the purposes of this paper I will only use and highlight particular aspects, as a full, in-depth description would risk a deviation from the point which needs to be made. Nietzsche’s shift is a radical one, in the sense that he rejects both „Ancient” and „Modern Morality”.
Throughout history there has been an abundance of ancient philosophers, including Plato, who explored metaphysics and its relationship to the real world before Descartes’ began questioning the idea. Nevertheless, his views on dualism are very different from Plato’s. As we know, Plato thinks and feels as if the body is just a vessel for the soul, but Descarte on the other hand strongly believes and shows proof that both your soul and body are connected and intertwining. Stating one is not superior to the other, both work hand and hand, affecting each other. Descartes states that “I reflect therefore I am.” Descartes shows through his dualism that though the mind and body are separate , they are connected and reliant on one another.
In the Consolation of Philosophy, the character Boethius is interrupted from wallowing in his sorrow by Lady Philosophy, who seeks to help him in his hour of need. Driving away the Muses, Lady Philosophy begins her treatment of Boethius by walking Boethius through a series of discussions, leading to conclusions that should comfort him. While Lady Philosophy attempts to show logically that all fortune leads to good in Prose VI of Book IV, she also acknowledges that humans are incapable of fully understanding this and therefore implies that complete comfort in this knowledge is impossible without faith. Through the explanation of Providence and Fate, she attempts to show Boethius that adverse fortune does not exist, but at the same time also gives him several reasons why he will not be able to understand this concept. She makes it clear that man cannot understand the way Providence works all things out for good because people only sees confusion and disorder and they cannot know other’s inward motives and inclinations.
Projection of Feminist Elements in the Fictional World of Jane Austen and George Eliot: A Note Dr. S. Chelliah Professor , Head & Chairperson School of English & Foreign Languages Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai – 21. (TN-IND) ______________________________________________________________ An Abstract This article is nothing but a critical evaluation for renowned writers like Jane Austen and George Eliot and the Feminist elements highlighted in their works with their feminine and defiant tone of expression, they left their indelible imprint on the annals of English fiction. In the light of feminist critical theory, it can be the proved that both the writers explored the unexplored sense of agony and complex solitude of women character. This article also throws light on the characters of both the writers, who have developed their self – identity with an optimistic prospect. The term ’Feminism’ is defined by the Webster’s Dictionary as the principle which states that women should have political rights equal to those of men and the movement to win such rights for women and feminists were affected by contemporary scientific ideas about women, by the social conventions governing women’s behaviour, by moralistic and religious advice to women and the ways in which women were imagined in fiction Simone de Beauvoir remarks: “The situation of women is that she – a free and autonomous being like all creatures – neverthless finds her living in a world where men compel
2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2.1 Martin’s claim of being Feminist Feminism is the promotion of women's privileges on the ground of the evenness of the sexes. In this scenario, George RR Martin a contemporary writer also claims that he is a Feminist but critics object this claim as his writings have misogynic elements which challenge its credibility as a feminist. In an interview with the Telegraph (2013), Martin remarks: “There was a period in my life when I would have called myself a feminist, back in the seventies, when the feminist movement was really getting going and growing out of the counter culture of the sixties,’ he says. ‘But the feminist movement has changed. Sometime in the 80s and 90s I read some pieces by women saying that no man can ever be a feminist and you shouldn't call yourself that because it's hypocritical, so I backed off.
The knowledge the distinctive aspects provide is seen as separate from any exogenous factor. Two of the Philosophers who were rationalist were Plato and Descartes, whom I will tackle their view of rationalism in this paper. Philosophers who oppose rationalism are identified as “empiricist”, and their motto is that human experience comes from knowledge. Also I will tackle Kant ‘s (who was considered an idealist philosopher) view of rationalism. Briefly, Kant divided the metaphysics of knowledge into two parts; one part contains pure concepts that come from experience and the other part is independent of experience.
Novels bring out Sahgal as a writer with feminist concerns seeking independent existence of women. She recognizes that as a woman novelist, her primary obligation is that of advocating the emancipation of women. She describes in her novels how a woman is exploited during the modern times by both the individuals and the society. She tried to portray the sensibility of women that how a woman looks out at herself and her problems and feels that women should try to understand and realize herself as a human being and not just as an appendage to some male life. Theme of the Novel: The novel is a fine example of the Female Literary Tradition in Indian English Language.