Introduction In seeking to answer the question I propose to examine certain aspects of Augustus’ rise to power and the way he obtained and exercised his auctoritas/Ἀξιώματι/influence and became the de facto if not de jure, sole ‘leader’ for Rome. Looking at the auctoritas and potestas/Έξουσίας/powers he had and the way he exercised them was he the first emperor of Rome having destroyed the Republic, did he actually save the Republic? given the state it was in or did he do something else? The argument presented here is that Augustus did not destroy the Republic. His use of his powers and his positions were within the Republican framework of the time – even if, on occasions, at its accepted margins.
The First Triumvirate eventually fell due to Caesar’s extensive governorship in Gaul and Pompey’s eagerness to join the Optimate Faction. However, at that point in time, Caesar was far too successful for the alliance’s failure to affect his ever-thriving political strength. Seeing that he had victoriously completed his conquest of Gaul, “Caesar set up an efficient provincial administration to govern the vast territories,” and went on his way to lead Rome autocratically (McManus, 1). Though he tried to obtain this positon legally, he eventually resorted to military force,
In Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation, Joseph Ellis, Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Ellis explores many events and problems faced by the Founding Fathers as the United States seeks a new form of government. Ellis quotes Tom Paine, an English-born political philosopher, by saying “claimed that it was simply a matter of common sense that an island could not rule a continent”(Ellis, 3). Principles were at stake while the country was at a constant state of war with other countries, including the mother country England. Ellis paints many mental pictures of the American revolutionaries and their troubled hardships while maintaining balanced decisions on quite decisive events that were later to be shaping the ideas of politics and those around it from following states to
This assignment will consider how codification and interpretation of laws impacted on the development of Roman law. CODIFICATION OF ROMAN LAW Roman law has a history almost as old as Rome itself. In the beginning of the republic, Roman law was held in the minds and memories of Rome’s judges and magistrates. Such a system was prime for misapplication. An officer could over look or even change laws spontaneously, and there was no real way to question him.
This caused the patrician class to scramble to appease the will of the larger plebian class. Before this, plebians had no part in government save voting rights. After their secession, they were granted two offices that would keep the patrician class from enacting unfair practices on any citizen of Rome. The plebians had made great progress and were given a power and freedom that they had not experienced before this time. However, we shall soon discover that the domestic power struggle between the patricians and plebians was not yet over.
• The inauguration of the proportional representation voting system, whilst debatably being the ‘advanced democracy in the world’, was a facilitator of social distrust due to the perception it generated of instability. • Proportional representation allowed the emergence of splinter groups and numerous political parties, creating a complex process to form and sustain a stable government. • The historical debate over the significant of the emerging constitutional and whether the inherent flaws of the democratic system were soon to be factor in the demise of
Machiavelli tries to uncover patterns of social and political phenomena, to find out the reasons for changing one form of another state, to determine the best of them, consider the problem of the relation of power of the ruler and the people, etc. Analysis and resolution of these issues, based on the needs of the time, provided the value of the teaching thinker practical science of politics, governance. Introduction of the term, that is, the "state" in political science of modern times is attributed to Machiavelli. Scientists believe that the state was not created by God and the people, based on the needs of the common good. At first, people lived separately, but later joined together to better defend themselves.
This is interesting today hence the correlations between the Greco-Roman world and the modern world, i.e. the infrastructure also supports fast sharing of knowledge and education and a general acceptance of exotic deities. Greco-Roman World Greco-Roman tends to be misleading, Greece was under the supremacy of Rome, had no independent military or political power, Greco referees to the Greeks influential cultural and religious approach to leading an empire. Whereas the Roman had military effectiveness and expertise. Hellenistic Period The foundation of the Greco-Roman world were established by Alexander III, with a strong military force he formed a great empire, but by a stroke of genius he modeled Greek culture in the capitals or newly founded cities, the captured countries were not only held in a iron grip, but also in a volunteer acceptance hence the new opportunities for the elite like gymnasiums, theaters and an common language of commerce (deSilva, 2004, pp39-42).
“The Electoral College is a process, not a place (What is the).” The Electoral College has been around since the Constitution, but the reason for its existence is strange. When the Constitution was being created the Founding Fathers believed that the new found American citizens would be too stupid to govern themselves, and thus, The Electoral College was born. The Electoral College functions by giving each state a select number of votes based on population (What is the). Once each state gets their Electoral votes they must choose Electors; this is a two part process. First, Political Parties from the state chose potential electors, and then the people of the state vote on which electors they see fit (Electoral College Fast).
Justinian law has equipped with contracts, rules of procedure, family law, wills, and constitutional system with heavily monarchical influences. The started point of Roman law was when the law of the Twelve Table is formed. It is the Roman traditional legislation working as a base of Roman law and is formed in order to satisfy the need that law should be written down in order to forestall magistrates from utilizing the law arbitrarily. Before the law was initiated there were an on going social struggle between patricians and plebeians. The problem is that only the patricians can become magistrates.