In the South of the United States in the 1930´s, the justice system was very unfair towards colored people. Colored people that were sent to court could not receive a fair trial because of the prejudice and racism from the jury. This happened all the time, especially in Maycomb Alabama. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, a colored man named Tom Robinson was convicted of assaulting a white woman just because of the color of his skin. Tom Robinson should have been found not guilty for many reasons.
Flaws in the American Judiciary Sysytem Flaws in the American judiciary system lead to unfair trials and verdicts. Examples of this issue are shown in both productions of 12 Angry Men and To Kill A Mockingbird, as well as the book To Kill A Mockingbird. In both 12 Angry Men and To Kill A Mockingbird, there are two African Americans put on trial, and both are given an unfair trial because the juries and judges have prejudices against African Americans. Jurors are also heavily influenced by moral cowardice, or avoiding taking a principled stand for fear of the disapproval of others. 12 Angry Men and To Kill a Mockingbird depict trials that expose the flaws of the American judiciary system in the fact that juries are not always consisted of the defendant 's peers, judges and juries both have racist views, and juries are influenced by moral cowardice.
The 1930s were a time of high racism and Whites were favored. The jury for Tom’s trial was made up of all white men. Also, most people think that Blacks are immoral beings who lie and are not to be trusted. Another reason Tom could be found guilty is because
However, when you look at the population density and how many people there actually are of each race in the United States African American people are disproportionately represented on death row. Rutz terrain also states it is more likely for a jury to convict and sentence to death a black man over a white man and it is more likely that the prosecuting attorney will ask for a death penalty verdict if the defendant is black. She also states the even more so alarming matter, of the death penalty is upheld in predominantly white Counties and sought after by all white court systems. The jurisdictions with the highest percentages of minorities on its death row are U.S. Military,
While class and gender have a role in To Kill a Mockingbird, race is the most significant because the case of Tom Robinson led him to his death even though he was proven innocent, which proves the theme of racial injustice. One reason why race is the most significant role is because the trial of Tom Robinson involved racial injustice and inequality towards African Americans. During the trial scene of To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus says in his closing statement, “This case is not a difficult one. It requires no minute sifting of complicated facts, but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant… This case is as simple as black and white.” (Lee 203). This shows that while many people from all over crowded into the courtroom to watch this trial, the case had a simple answer.
We see clearly that white people in Maycomb have all the power. Even white trash like Bob Ewell is given the power to accuse an innocent black man simply because of the power the color of his skin has. Even though African Americans like Tom Robinson have better qualities as human beings than the Ewells they are under them because of the social inequality in Maycomb. These social divisions are destructive and irrational as it gives power to people like Bob Ewell to persecute Tom Robinson. Tom Robinson is not guilty but suffers death only because of the color of his skin and the racial segregation of the time.
Scout realizes that society is unusually racist and some people are not as privileged as others. This reflects back to the Tom Robinson Trial where the ample amount of proof from Atticus shows that Tom Robinson is faultless, but the verdict was still guilty because of his race. Scout and Jem witness the injustice in the trial and unfortunately realize that Maycomb is not the same as they once thought it was. Aside from this, they meet Mrs. Dubose, a rather cantankerous old woman. According to “But Mrs. Dubose held us: “Not only a Finch waiting on tables but one in the courthouse lawing for niggers!””(105), we know that Mrs. Dubose is the literal definition of Maycomb.
In Harper Lee’s, To Kill a Mockingbird, the theme is discrimination to others can lead to the wrong assumptions. For example, Tom Robinson was never given a fair chance during his trial because of his race. The story quotes “I ain’t ever seen any jury decide in favor of a colored man over a white man” (Lee 279). The jury ended up convicting Tom Robinson guilty because of his skin color, not because he was truly was. The jury has the wrong assumptions about Tom Robinson and his race .
In 1930s - 1940s, racial minorities such as the African- Americans were at a disadvantage in courts especially due to very little access of counsels. African- Americans were jailed because of judicial stereotypes of dangerousness or because they lack any financial help or resources.. The Scottsboro Case illustrates the discrimination against African Americans in the past clearly; nine teenage boys were accused of raping two white girls in 1932. The United States Supreme Court sentenced them to death. They fought against the ruling and asked for another trial with the appeal to their right to impart juries opinion; which did not do anything because all juries were all- white.
Racism, the belief that one race possesses inherent traits that make that particular race superior to other races. In 1900s black people were treated cruelly, and even got killed because of racism. They were considered inferior to the white race. People used to judge each other based on their skin color, and race. The society used to turn a blind eye to the racial problems.
How To Get Away With Murder Have you ever seen the TV show How to Get Away with Murder and wondered how many celebrities have murdered someone and got away with it? There have been plenty of celebrities that have committed a crime such as a murder or a tragic car accident. Due to their celebrity status many of those cases have been dropped and got no justice. One of those many celebrities is famous football player Ray Lewis. Ray Lewis was found not guilty for stabbing Jacinth Baker and Richard Lollar due to his celebrity status.
For the LAPD one of their detectives, Mark Furman was proven to have tampered and placed evidence at the scene of the murders. He also was taped used very derogatory words about African Americans. The corruption scandal not only prejudiced the case, but exposed the racial discrimination inside the police department. It was a cry that many African Americans blamed when they were convicted in a court of law; evidence planted or fabricated in order to get a conviction against them. LAPD went through many changes in their recruitment, training and overall procedures of officers in the years following the OJ trial.
The final jurors selected for the trial consisted of 10 women and 8 men, all of whose careers varied as widely as their opinions on the death penalty. The jurors ranged in age from early twenties and thirties up to retirement age. The majority were middle to older aged Americans, mostly of Caucasian descent, however the youngest jury member was of Islamic heritage. The defense protested against the selection of a predominantly white jury, and even attempted to change the venue of the trial by moving it outside of Boston, but to no avail. The prosecution believed each and every juror had been carefully and
Maybe his lawyer thought it would do more harm than good if he testified. Jay testified at court only to being rained upon shouting and questions from Adnan’s lawyer. About half of the people in the jury were black. Maybe from the perspective of the jury the black people saw the trial as a white girl shouting and overpowering Jay and thus having a bias towards Jay. I believe the trial was fair though.