Timothy Li Dr. Hogge AP European History March 8th 2018 Black May The Black May in World War II had been a major turning point in the Battle of the Atlantic for the Allied countries. Until May of 1943, the Germans had led a massive U-boat campaign that devastated the Allies vessels. Great Britain especially was hurt by the U-boats as Britain had relied on supplies from other nations in order to not only fight in the war, but also protect itself from a Nazi invasion. The German U-boats were effective because of the lack of proper armorment on shipping vessels moving to and from Great Britain and that the U-boats often hunted in wolf-packs, where multiple submarines would stay close together to hunt and sink specific targets. England was losing
DORA also put in place heavy censorship and propaganda. Letters from the battlefront were read through, news articles were always written in a positive fashion to keep the morale high, and at least 2 million propaganda posters were printed. At the beginning of the war, casualty lists could not be published. This contributed to the pressure put on men to go to war, and also increased the negative feelings of the British population towards Germany. When David Lloyd became prime minister, he used DORA to create rules that would control the population and stop them from going about their business as usual.
The enigma code played a big role in world war 2 due it being used by the Germans to communicate with each other and to send their plans to the army bases and German commanders. The breaking of the enigma code made the Allis finally one step ahead of the German troops. The enigma code had to be kept a secret by the British so the Germans wouldn’t find out about it being broken. The breaking of the enigma code changed the war drastically by allowing the Allis to know the Germans moves body During the war great Brittan fort in a battle called “the battle of the Atlantic”. In this battle they took over a German U-boat, inside they found the machine that was receiving the German codes.
World War one, also known as the war to end all wars, lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Germany was one of the central powers in World War One. Their biggest enemy was the Allied forces. Throughout the war, many factors such as the failure of Schlieffen Plan and the unrestricted submarine warfare had brought Germany closer and closer to failure in World War one. On 11 November 1918, Germany finally surrendered .They then received a lot of consequences such as the treaty of Versailles.
So the first lines of trenches were taken by the Germans. On March 6, the Germans kept trying to launch attacks but the French kept repelling them. So on April 9, the Germans launched a third attack which was slow but caused the Germans to capture Homme Hill and Fort Vaux. When Germany was so close to capturing Verdun, they launched a chemical attack in June. So the BEF came to rescue the French army and this is when the Battle of Somme began on July 1, 1916.
Britain, France, Russia, and the United States were known as the Allied powers which over time included twenty-seven nations. America had tried hard not to get involved in European affairs and conflicts, but with our growing connections it became hard. Businessmen saw the opportunities and profitable advancements of Europe, which brought a large number of American 's overseas. Great Britain was a major trade partner with the U.S, so we were indirectly involved in their war. The Germans started sinking any British ships that came into view of their Unterseeboots, even if they were passenger or fishing vessels.
In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The naval race between Great Britain and Germany from 1898 to 1914 caused great friction among the two nations and was one of the causes for World War I.
Joseph experienced great tragedy very early on in life, yet he never used his circumstances as an excuse to do wrong. Even though things looked grim, God was working everything for the good of Joseph. Students need to trust in Jesus and follow him all the days of their lives no matter the circumstances. God has good things in store for those who trust and obey
The risks of life, the bad living conditions, and killing people are all the things we may never need to face to. We may consider people who died in the war and fight for our own countries heroes. They are, but what is good for being a dead hero? The only thing can make us understand the war is the real war, but hopefully, war will not happen again. ★ ★ ★ ★ ╱ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
The use of convoys caused the destruction of increasingly more U-Boats and caused the U-Boat’s effectiveness to drop severely, however there were some things that made the use of convoys less effective. These things include the fact that the need of ships to use a convoy took these ships out of the direct war with the germans and their allies, also the german Wolf pack tactic was specifically made to combat the convoy method and proved partially successful in doing so (Fontenoy, “Convoy”). The convoy method was very successful in destroying u-boats and protecting their own ships for most of the war, even so the german use of the Wolf pack tactic made the convoy method less effective and continued to harm merchant and passenger vessels in the latter parts of both World Wars (Fontenoy, “Convoy”). Overall the use of convoys was a big part of how the US combatted U-Boats during World War I and World War
In all, the war was horrible, but to understand why the war happened, one must start from the beginning. There are many reasons why World War II started. To put into a big category, the main cause of the war is the first world war. The countries reluctantly signed the Treaty of Versailles, also known as the Peace of Paris, because it did not satisfy any country (History.com, 2009). After World War I, many countries were indebted and economically poor; this is known as the Great Depression.
United States entering World War 2 was the turning point of the war for the Allies. The Allies were being bomb by air and losing on every front of the war, from England to Africa and beyond. The United States wanted to stay neutral and did so for the first 2 years of the war. The United States used economic sanctions on Japan to try and deter their aggression in Asia and the Pacific. They supplied Britain, Soviet Union and China with war materials and even deployed troops to Iceland, relieving Britain soldiers.
Unrestricted submarine warfare outraged many Americans because its application was an attack upon innocent civilian. Unrestricted submarine warfare also breaks an international law which states that the civilians of two warring countries are not targets. Germany not only harmed civilians, but it also broke international law. Through the sinking of the Lusitania, the public’s view of Germany’s unrestricted warfare policy intensified, and more people began to favor American involvement in the war. The sinking of the Lusitania became one of the most important events of the Great War because its reaction is, “the first step towards American involvement in the war.” (Hill