Dante brings this woody scene to life for his readers by claiming “I [Dante] went astray from the straight road and woke to find myself alone in a dark wood.” (Canto I lines 1-3) From that ominous wood, Dante is escorted through the steep and winding levels of hell. In the Inferno, “hell” represents Dante’s own hell in his life, his home city of Florence, Italy. The steep and
Fueled by the anger surrounding his banishment from Florence in 1302, Dante Alighieri spitefully wrote the epic poem, the Divine Comedy. The Inferno, the first part of the trilogy of the Divine Comedy, tells the story of Dante the pilgrim and Dante the poet. The two personas deliver Dante’s journey through hell, the Inferno, with added depth. Dante is also guided by Virgil, an ancient Roman poet from 50 B.C. The three personas share different perspectives on the grueling detail of their findings in hell.
117) being the first sinner that Dante starts to understand the nature of the sin committed, “accursed spirit, do thou remain and rot! I know thee, filthy as thou art – I know” (lines 38-39). Both of the sinners relating to the theme of historical figures that Dante the poet uses for the purpose of the allegorical poem to be a success. With regards to the inconsistency of the role of the sinners: Virgil initially took the role as Dante’s guide from the dark wood to the gates of purgatory where in one incident he was denied access to the City of Dis in the eight canto (Sayers, Dante The Divine Comedy 1: Hell 116). The scene itself overlaps with ideas relating to biblical texts where ‘Dis’ is the pagan word for the king of Hell, being Satan (p. 121).
In Dante’s Inferno, Dante thoroughly describes what he believes Hell to be. He lists many sins, along with their punishments and placements in Hell. Strangely enough, Dante does not have a specific circle for idolatry, the worship of idols, or something other than God. This is thought to be strange because idolatry is generally considered a grave sin. One possible explanation of this is that each sin in itself can be viewed as a form of idolatry.
When starting to read Dante’s Inferno a person is often confronted by a very distinctive kind of writing style. This writing style is distinctive of the time in which the Inferno was written estimated to be around 1314 to 1317, before Dante’s death in 1321. This can lead to questions about the composition of certain lines in a passage of the text. One of these questions, why did he write it like this, popped into my head not long after starting to read Cantos I. In the first Canto, Dante meets the three beast of hell and Virgil (Alighieri 392-394).
As Dante follows Virgil he hesitates till Virgil mentions that he sent by Beatrice, and here the great and legendary poem of Dante Alighieri begins. In Dante’s Inferno, the first part of The Divine Comedy, he wrote about nine stages of Hell. The stages are circles, so there are nine circles. The first circle is “Limbo”, it has the non-Christians and those who were unbaptized. It had a castle with seven gates, each gate represents a virtue in the Bible, “Chastity, Temperance, Charity, Diligence, Patience, Kindness and Humility”.
Therefore we can conclude, in Dante’s mind at least, that some sins are worse than others as seem by how they are punished in Dante's Inferno. There are, according to Dante, nine levels to Hell and each has a different punishment for different sins. The first layer is Limbo, this is where all virtuous non- christian and all unbaptised
Unfortunately, Dante’s journey transitions from the wood into the depths of Hell where he and readers discover the Christian view of sin, repentance, and the need for a savior. The author introduces his readers to Jesus Christ during Virgil and Dante’s conversation about the lost souls in Limbo. In the First Circle of Hell, known as Limbo, the lost souls that did not have an opportunity to meet Jesus Christ dwell in this place. Although they did not sin, they did not have a proper relationship with God through Jesus Christ. However, Virgil testifies about Jesus’ decision into Hell when he says, “ I saw a mighty lord descend to us…He took from us the shade of our first parent…and much more he chose for blessedness; before these souls were taken,
Dante Alighieri, who was born in 1265 CE and later died in 1321 CE, was a famous poet in Florence, Italy, most commonly known for his book, Dante’s Inferno. Dante’s Inferno was a product of Dante’s time period because in Florence during this time period, the idea of death and afterlife was very prominent in religion, and Dante’s text, The Inferno, focuses on the idea that the sins committed during one’s life determines the fate of one’s after-life. Because the idea that one’s sins determined their fate and life after death was such a common element in literature and art in Florence during this time period, many other pieces of work emphasized the same ideals, specifically one work in particular, The Scrovegni Chapel. From the years 1303 through 1310 CE, a man named Giotto Di Bondone, an italian painter, used the same principal ideals about sin and life after death that Dante used, in one of his most famous and influential pieces of work, The Scrovegni Chapel. This painting was framed around the Christian Religion, and has an emphasis on
English writer, A. N. Wilson, in, ‘Dante in Love’, argues that Dante Alighieri is both a poet and a madman in which scenes of violence and malice within inferno are considered. Dante’s structure of the language of the text in inferno is well-thought-out with regards to the use of metaphors to describe the scenes of violence (act of physical force). However with regards to the notion of malice within the poem, the inconsistent and unpredictable use of language within Inferno is taken into consideration. In addition, the occurrence of violence and malicious intent as well as the extent to which the role of inconsistencies appear within the poem, suggests that Dante Alighieri is more than just a late thirteenth century poet. Finally, the significance
In Dante Alighieri’s “Inferno” which is the part of a greater poem Divine Comedy incontinence is the sin which is mentioned to be punished in the second circle of hell through the fifth circles. Incontinence is a feeling of desire of sex, power, wealth and food in which an individual lacks in self-control. It is described as an unchecked desire. In his philosophy Dante views incontinence as the most basic and most forgivable category of sins. The incontinent sinners constantly allow their urges (desire) to control them.