This, in itself, shows the level of loyalty that the knights had for their king, and that they would fight, and die for them at any given point in time. Also, the knights showed dignity through various acts, such as fighting and dying for their king, and also by fighting for the name of the queen. Within Aristotle’s work known as, Ethics, he states, “The ideal man bears the accidents of life with dignity and grace, making the best of circumstances.” Aristotle believed that a man should be able to admit his accidents with dignity and grace, meaning that he should live to a simpler form of chivalry in respect to the ability to be humble and honest in his mistakes. Also, the ability of a knight to be truthful and honest is another key aspect to the code of
Goodness and nobility is determined by an individual’s morality and their willingness to follow a virtuous path in their life. It is also determined by the ability of an individual to acknowledge their shortcomings and become more self-aware. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, John Proctor is a good man as he showcases righteous morals and principles. This is shown, as he ends his affair with Abigail, protects his wife and his friends’ wives, and dies to preserve his integrity and honour. First, John Proctor shows his goodness, by refusing the physical advances of Abigail, who wishes to continue their love affair.
Chivalry is a code of conduct associated with the medieval institution of knighthood which developed between 1170 and 1220. Between this time period many authors wrote about knights and warriors and how they represented the values of being loyal, courageous and their willingness to give one’s life for another or in other words being a chivalrous warrior. Some examples of these tales are Beowulf and Le Morte d’Arthur. Beowulf and Wiglaf from Beowulf and King Arthur from Le Morte d’Arthur each have two examples of them reflecting the values of being a chivalrous warrior.
During these time periods, a hero was usually a great a warrior who sacrificed oneself to protect their king and kingdom. In addition, culture, religion, chivalry, and traditions played a vital role in the work of these early heroes. This was seen numerous times in Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, where both characters frequently prayed and followed the Code of Chivalry. In contrast, a hero today would portray few— or none— cultural or religious elements. Usually, present-day heroes would acquire the label by depicting some sort of supernatural, phenomenal, or superhuman trait that a normal person would not obtain.
However, the specific circumstances in which Sir Lancelot and Sir Gareth confront other knights suggests two different notions of behaviour expected of a knight. Although Lancelot is revered by his fellow knights, the “worship and honour” (95) that he receives appears to derive entirely from his skill with a sword or spear. Consequently, as there are no knights willing to engage in combat with Lancelot, not even those “thirty great knights” (114), who are “armed all in black harness, ready with their shields and swords drawn” (115) for battle, Lancelot’s spear — his masculinity — is literally and symbolically restrained by his own reputation as a warrior and a lover in Book III of Malory’s text. Lancelot’s reputation not only drives Morgan le Fay to “put an enchantment upon” (98) him and strip him of “[his] armour, [his] horse, shield, and spear” (99), but also makes his potential combatants “scatter on every side” (115) to let him proceed on his adventure, unchallenged. The palpable fear that Sir Lancelot’s potential foes display in the presence of an identified Lancelot, who “bears his [own] shield” (114) in battle, is significant because it reveals that Lancelot is only able to maintain his reputation as the greatest “knight of the world” (119) with deceptive acts, such as using a “white shield” (102) with “no pictures” (102) of identification painted on its surface or “saving” damsels in forests with prearranged acts of bravery.
Is Beowulf a Hero? The poem Beowulf, tells of great the great undertakings of Beowulf, a man who has defeated many ruthless monsters and seeks fame and glory. If we take Beowulf and compare him to the Anglo-Saxon ideal hero, Beowulf fills all the necessary requirements but, when compared to modern day standards, Beowulf doesn’t quite make the cut. In the modern day, selflessness is the ideal.
In the film, Excalibur, Boorman allows the audience to see the development of a prosperous kingdom and the prestige place on the fellowship of these knights. Not only does King Arthur show loyalty to his knights, the knights, in turn, also reciprocate. Loyalty is recognized as being owed not only to God but to one’s King. As the sole creator of the Knights of the Round Table, King Arthur has trust in these knights with the deep belief that they will always remain loyal to him. Upon discovering the sin committed between his wife and best friend, he nevertheless values his kingship before love.
The Arthurian Code: Chivalry “Chivalry is dead” is a very common phrase, however what does it actually mean? This famous saying refers back to the time of King Arthur in the Middle Ages. In order to be a knight, one had to follow the Arthurian Code of Chivalry. The word chivalry was used to describe what a perfect knight would be, and the code outlines the basic understanding of how a knight should act. The regulations assigned the ethics and morals that a knight had to attain, and the rules were held with great respect and honor.
Christopher Reeve (AKA the 1978 superman) said that, “A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles”. Both Beowulf and Modern day heroes are similar in that way in that they fight for the common good of people. That quote from Christopher Reeves on what a modern day hero is, also applies to the epic hero qualities that Beowulf has. Similarly Beowulf and a modern day hero defeat an evil so that good can prevail. Some examples are, Beowulf Slaying Grendel and Grendel's mother to save the land of the Danes, and soldiers fighting enemies that threaten the lives of a country, and police officers putting criminals behind bars.
In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, the protagonist is Macbeth. Macbeth is described at first as a mighty, courageous warrior devoted to King Duncan. However, Macbeth realizes his importance and evil enters his mind, corrupting his motives. While in the poem, Beowulf, the protagonist, Beowulf, is also portrayed as mighty, courageous warrior, but is devoted to King Hrothgar.
Chivalry Chivalry is the medieval code of conduct for knighthood. The code of conduct includes honor, honesty, courteousness, and bravery. The word chivalry comes from the french word “chevalier” meaning horsemen; a knight or a young man. Knights were expected to be brave, aggressive, and fierce. Although expected to be aggressive, knights are also expected to show mercy towards their enemies.