Sir Henry Fayol: The Principles And Definitions Of Management
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Management principles by
Sir Henry Fayol
1. Division of work
2. Authority and responsibility.
4. Unity of command
5. Unity of direction
6. Subordination of individual to general interest.
8. Centralization and decentralization.
9. Scalar chain
12. Esprit de corps
13. Stability of tenure of personnel
1. PRINCIPLE OF DIVISION OF WORK
Dividing the work into smaller activities and allocating these activities to different individuals who are trained and qualified to perform these jobs. It means the division of total task into compact jobs and allocation…show more content… PRINCIPLE OF AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILTY.
Authority refers to the right of a superior to give orders and instructions to their subordinate, to take cretin decisions, to use certain resources, and to regulate the behavior of subordinates and the right to get the work done from others. Authority is considered as a combination of personal authority i.e. due to intelligence and experience of an individual and official authority i.e. Due to an official position in the organization.
Responsibility refers to duty or an obligation of an individual to complete the assigned work given by the superior. It may be referred as an obligation to perform the assigned task.
Fayol emphasized on parity between authority and responsibility i.e. both must be equal then only the assigned work can be completed properly they both are coexistent and must go hand in hand. In case, the authority is less than responsibility, it will make person ineffective and the person will not be able to complete the work and in case of authority exceeds responsibility it may lead to misuse of power and irresponsible behavior of the…show more content… There should be a fair, just and reasonable treatment for all employees set similar positions without any discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, gender, etc. Managers should have an impartial attitude towards their subordinate while evaluating their performances i.e. all workers or subordinates must be evaluated on the basis of common criteria.
This principle provides job satisfaction to the employees, maintains the cordial relation between superior and subordinates, brings loyalty in the organization and ensures healthy work environment.
13. ESPRIT DE CORPS
It means the union is the strength. It implies teamwork and harmony in group efforts. Fayol emphasizes the need and importance of teamwork in getting desired results. A manager should replace “I” with “WE” in all communication with employees as it will facilitate the development of an atmosphere of mutual trust and minimize the need to use penalties for default.
This principle helps to develop team spirit, improves performances, develop a sense of belongingness, increase in the level of cooperation.
Fayol is of the opinion that a group contributes more than an individual.