Sir Isaiah Berlin's Essay: The Two Concepts Of Liberty

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Sir Isaiah Berlin, born in Riga, was a British political philosopher and a professor at All Souls College, Oxford. During his childhood we lived in Petrograd, during the Russian revolution, where he and his family were increasingly oppressed under Bolshevik rule. Because of all difficulties faced during this time, he and his family moved in early 1921 to Brittan. It was in Brittan, specifically in Oxford, that he presented his Essay “The Two Concepts of Liberty”. The essay ‘Two concepts of Liberty’ is a brilliant quest to what defines the individual freedom “Why should anyone obey anyone else?” The ideas behind this question are obedience and coercion. Which, therefore, in absence or presence, will define and distinguish, the two systems of ideas developed by Sir Isaiah Berlin. Both systems were defined after the French revolution, were individuals wanted to free themselves from the oppression of tyranny. The first system is called negative liberty, and is involved in the question “What is the area within which the subject - a person or group of persons - is or should be left to do or be what he is able to do or be, without interference by other persons?” To be negatively free means to be “free to a degree to which no man or body of man interferes with my activity”. To be free, as an individual, to do whatever is my will. The ultimate idea behind this conception is that negative liberty is the total absence of coercion by others “liberty from”. Coercion, however, does
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