Situational Irony In The Cask Of Amontillado

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“Unfortunately, some of our greatest tribulations are the result of our own foolishness and weakness and occur because of our own carelessness or transgression,” (The Refiner’s Fire) says James E. Faust, an American religious leader and politician. In Edgar Allan Poe’s short story, “The Cask of Amontillado,” Poe further communicates this message. Montresor wants to obtain revenge on Fortunato, so he lures Fortunato into the catacombs of his palace. Because of his pride and arrogance, Fortunato foolishly follows Montresor into his cellar, falling into Montresor’s scheme to obtain revenge on him. In his short story, Poe relays the theme that when people are foolish and ignorant, it leads to their own downfall. Poe’s message is expressed through the employment of situational irony and indirect characterization.

One way Poe employs the message that when people are foolish and prideful, negative repercussions can occur is through the use of situational irony. Montresor wants revenge against Fortunato, but he ironically tries to “prevent” Fortunato from going to his
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By using phrases such as “the cold is nothing” and “Luchresi knows nothing about wines,” Poe further emphasizes Fortunato’s foolish, narcissistic character, since Fortunato is saying that he is the only one worthy to taste the Amontillado. Because of his carelessness and pride, Fortunato blindly follows Montresor to his palace, falling right into his trap. This is situational irony, because the reader does not expect Montresor to “prevent” Fortunato from going, since he wants revenge on him. However, despite being told not to proceed, Fortunato still insists on going simply to prove that he is superior to Luchresi. In “The Cask of Amontillado,” Edgar Allan Poe uses situational irony to express the theme that when people are foolish and carelessly make decisions, it can lead to their own
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