The theories to be discussed in this book are: Path-Goal theory of leadership, Vroom-Yetton-Jago Decision-making of leadership, Harsey-Bianchard Situational Leadership theory, and Fielder’s Contigency Theory of Leadership. These four were selected because of their relative influence on the leader and the relationship that must be present between the leader and the members. They were also selected because they could help provide the needed foundational frameworks for your leadership
The word contingency means depending upon. Those proposing contingency theories realize that a leader must adjust. The hallmark of these theories is context and in a more profound sense, everything is interdependent. To a certain extent contingency leadership theories are extensions of the trait theory, in the sense that human traits are related to the situation in which the leaders exercise their leadership. It is generally accepted within the contingency theories that leader are more likely to express their leadership when they feel that their followers will be
Besides that, it also needs to highlight the benefits of altruistic behavior (Liu, 2007). In the context of altruistic, altruistic employees put others’ importance forward with their own, go beyond the requirement of duty and associate with ethical achievement stated by (Zhang, Zheng, & Wei, 2009). Moreover, leaders tend to act more altruistically towards other employees because they can gain benefit because having a good reputation in the organization, (Bereczkei, Birkas, & Kerekes,
Introduction Motivation is a goal-oriented characteristic that helps a person achieve his or her objectives. It pushes an individual to work hard for achieving his or her goals, so it is very important for a manager to understand the basic needs of employees, peers and his or her superiors. In this essay, I would like to introduce a variety of motivational theories, and to analyze the relationship between them and the management of motivation based on market research. In addition, this essay will also explain the effects of leadership styles on motivation. Motivational theories in business There are a series of motivation theories, which are helpful for a manager to manage the business.
In leadership, it is important that leaders coordinate the effective management of resources, namely time, material and people, to ensure that they are conveying an effective teaching and learning environment. Some characteristics of a great leader may include social awareness, which is the ability to understand the social in a certain environment, for example, those who are most effective in the organization and self-direction, meaning a leader is able to direct themselves effectively and powerfully.
He revealed that the relationship of these dimension and ethical leadership and the outcomes from it varies trough the dimensions. Fairness and power sharing are said to be having positive relation the employee’s behavior in the organization. Furthermore, it is founded that ethical leadership give positive impact to the leader effectiveness, employee effectiveness, satisfaction of the employee regarding the leader and increase the trust to their
Self assessment tools are used to help people make informed career decisions. Also, it assists the person find out how to gather information about his values, interests, personality and aptitude and how to use that information to help him making decision or being a good leadership. Emotional intelligence, communication abilities, motivation, and decision making are playing very important role in the career life and the person can find out what effect he has and learn about several of self assessment tools. According to Boud (1995), all assessment including self-assessment comprises two main elements: making decisions about the standards of performance expected and then making judgments about the quality of the performance in relation to these
There are four main core theories in Leadership; they are “Trait” theory, ‘Transformational’ theory, ‘Situational’ theory and ‘Behavioral’ theory. “Trait” theory refers to people who born with certain specific characteristics; Surgency, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Adjustment and intellectance. People born with these characteristics can become a leader easier because they already have what basic requirements of a leader. The trait theory focused on analyzing mental, physical and social characteristic to gain more understanding of what is the characteristic or the combination of characteristics that are common among leaders. Transformational leadership refers to the leader moving the follower beyond immediate self-interests through idealized influence (charisma), inspiration, intellectual stimulation, or individualized consideration.
Leadership style is classified as the way leaders perform their role and how their action and attitude toward members of the group (Mullin, 1999). In scope of Human Resource, leadership is one of the most important factor in any organizations. Successful organization depends on how leaders lead and managing the organization.
A manager 's job is to coach or guide workers to choose the best paths for reaching their goals. Based on the goal‐setting theory, leaders engage in different types of leadership behaviors depending on the nature and demands of a particular situation. A leader 's behavior is acceptable to subordinates when viewed as a source of satisfaction. He or she is motivational when need satisfaction is contingent on performance; this leader facilitates, coaches, and rewards effective performance. Path‐goal theory identifies several leadership styles: • Achievement‐oriented.
To maintain a level head when granted power a leader must have understanding and use it as often as they use their power. Situational leadership is another example of a leadership theory. This leadership is focused on the leader however, the leader takes not only the followers but also the situation into account. Through different methods of behaviors a leader is able change his or her leadership style to appropriately fit with the followers and the task at hand to achieve best results. Each leader has a different leadership style that can be studied and each one can be used in a different scenario.