The Importance Of Intentional Memory

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Memory is defined as the mind’s ability to store and remember information from the past over a certain period of time (“memory”). It is being utilized in a lot of situations, such as eye-witness testimony and writing records. These methods were fine before the development of technology, however, in today 's society, a more accurate tool is required. For example, the increased use of cameras which capture evidence could be implemented on a stricter basis, which would eliminate the need for relying on witnesses to unravel information. There is a lot of research that suggests that most of our memories are actually false, thus should not be treated as a reliable source of reference. These studies will be discussed in more detail, in order to improve…show more content…
It is defined as storage of data containing general knowledge of specified generalized events. This means that the same kind of information can happen in many different situations, thus they can be stored as one unit, which helps determine their commonality. For example, the waiting room is a piece of detail that is stored in SM, due to the fact that waiting rooms can be seen in many situations, such as visits to doctors, dentists or when waiting for an interview (Schank, 1980). The final level of memory is called Intentional Memory. Humans tend to give most focus to this encoding system, due to its ability to store goal-oriented information. Things that are essential to success in daily situations are seen as a primary target in a particular situation. Therefore, objectives are reached by referring to rules and strategies that have been used before, which is the knowledge that is stored in IM and is utilized most frequently (Schank,…show more content…
It can be seen as one of the first aspects in this transformation since it happens during the encoding of the memory (Marsh, 2009). If the viewing conditions during encoding are not accurate, then naturally the memory will not be remembered well either. Therefore, elevated mood, darkness, and bad eye-sight are all contributing to the inaccurate observation of an event (Marsh, 2009). One example of this is flashbulb memories. These are memories that are encoded during a strong emotional response to a shocking event, and the common myth is that these memories would be encoded more accurately (French, 2003). However, in the study conducted by Brown and Kulik (1977), they interviewed people about what they were doing during the assassination of John F. Kennedy (French, 2003). They conducted three interviews with a different time range, in order to test the accuracy of participant 's memories. It was discovered that these types of memories can often be false, no matter what precision they are described with. Therefore, we can assume that when conducting interviews, not all details that are described are accurate, so they cannot be seen as a reliable source of

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