Junnell Mclee Professor Sarah Carson ENGL 102: Research and Academic Writing 22 November 2015 Grade Inflation: Myths and Assessments In Alfie Kohn’s article, “The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation,” Kohn analyzes the complaints of student’s grades rising over the years. During his analysis Kohn looked for data that demonstrated reasons why grades were thought to have been inflated versus the student’s motivation for achieving higher grades. Kohn also explains that it is difficult to determine the reasoning behind grade inflation claims. These claims may be false depending on the time period in which the claims were evaluated (Bergmann 261). Kohn showed how he first encountered issues regarding the time period through a study on self-reports.
tHus, an ingeneous solution that would be proben to become more ethical but also equally successful can be attractive to these businesses. Moral imagination can not only solve the ethical problems of one company, but a whole set of companies in the same area or
Business ethics contributes to more benefits. Business ethics could become a standard to achieve advantages, cultivate team work of employee, productivity, moral and development, establish values for quality management, strategic planning and diversity management. Business ethics help the company to be survival of fierce competition. Business ethics have competitive advantages which involves effective building of relationships with the company’s stakeholders, which based on its integrity. Business ethics promote ethical behavior to protect business from abuse by unethical competitors.
(Seow, 2009, p. 202). Being forced to comply with regulations is a useful motivating factor for senior managers when it comes to maintaining a continuity plan. The benefits of partaking in a continuity plan also appeal to management when examples of good management practice are established. A huge core motivator for business continuity is its ability to trigger an advantage over competitors by having the ability to become more reliable than other organizations in the event of an outage. “When disaster strikes, the organization that is better prepared to meet delivery deadlines and customer expectations through more resilient operations and that is better able to recover quickly clearly has the advantage.” (Seow, 2009, p. 204).
Lastly, Exxon regards their corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an important factor of business, and they continually implement change and innovate to reduce the impact of their operations. Their CSR appeals to six areas to improve sustainability: safety and health in the workplace, reducing climate change risks, improving environmental performance, community and human rights engagement, local development, and corporate governance (Exxon Mobil, n.d., para 1). II Change and Innovation Leadership Approach i. Effectiveness of the Leadership Approach Exxon Mobil’s organizational leadership approach to promote innovation within the organization is highly effective when looking at their innovation process, and their success rate with their innovations. For example, Roger
Through years of research and study, he coined Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory which is a framework for cross-cultural communication. The author first defines culture as “the collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category of people from another” (McSweeney, 2002, p. 94). Category in this context may imply religions, ethnicities, genders, occupations, organizations, nations and regions within or across nations. His theory therefore describes the effects of a culture of one of these categories on the values of its members. More so, using a structure derived from factor analysis, it sets out to explain how these values impact or related to behavior.
What is Business Intelligence To turn any business establishment profitable, the managers & the work force is highly reliant on decisions & those decisions are dependent on the kind of information available. This is where Business Intelligence comes into picture Business Intelligence (BI) refers to technologies, applications and practices for the collection, integration, analysis, and presentation of business information and also sometimes to the information itself. The purpose of BI is to support better business decision-making. BI systems provide historical, current, and predictive views of business operations, most often using data that has been gathered into a data warehouse or a data mart and occasionally working from operational data.
In reference to Marks and Spencer, it is essential for organisation before making use of best-in-class benchmarking to measure organisational performance by analysing internal as well as external competition. It can be an integral part for improvement of organisation, however it is a fact that Marks and Spencer could not able to employ all the relevant strategies patented by competitors. But it can help in making appropriate business decisions as management will be aware of all the advantages as well as difficulties that lies in incorporating specific changes. It depicts that role of best-in-class benchmarking data play efficient role in decision making process which is dependent on the business requirements of Marks and Spencer (Shao L. P.,
Danielle Walker, an American female is the president and CEO of Training Management Corporation (TMC). Founded in 1985, the company was built to deliver practical consulting and solutions that meet and have the ability to turn multicultural business environment to be able to overcome operational challenges. TMCorp help companies worldwide distinguish similarities and differences in its work environment and help to maximize performance to reduce risk, with this done, innovations then can be enhanced with the most effective way. The company headquarters is situated in United States, regional offices in Singapore to serve Asia-Pacific and in Belgium to serve Europe, Middle East and Africa. Even with the constant growth of TMCorp, the company
He teaches his workers this system and it is the backbone of his company. His management style is that of a cost saving company. Using these methods has enabled him to stay in business for a very long time. He has managed the global economy by keeping cost down. By doing this method, he maintains his mark share in the business.