Hip dysplasia (HD) is associated with an abnormal joint structure and laxity of the muscles, connective tissue (CT) and ligament that normally support the joint. As this joint laxity develops, the articular surfaces on the femur and in the acetabulum loose contact with each other. This separation within the joint is known as a subluxation and will cause drastic changes in both the size and shape of the articular surfaces. All dysplastic dogs are born with normal hips but the soft tissues surrounding the joint develops abnormally due to the dogs genetic make-up, and possibly other environmental factors, which is what causes the subluxation (1). The subluxation and remodeling of the hip is what leads to the symptoms that are associated with HD.
The composition of the long bone itself mainly of collagen fibers and an inorganic bone mineral in form of small crystals, In vivo bone (living bone in the bone the body) contains 10% and 20% of water of its dry mass, approximately 60-70% is bone mineral. Structure of the long bone are those that they are longer than they are wide. They are one of five types of bones, long short flat irregular and seasmoid. Long bones especially the femur and tibia are subjected to most of the load during daily activities and they are crucial for skeletal mobility. The long bone is that it allows movement , particularly in the limbs eg the femur (thigh bone) tibia and fibula (lower leg bones) humerus (upper arm bone), the radius and the ulna (lower arm).
INTRODUCTION Osteoarthritis of knee joint is supposed to be the most prevalent chronic joint disease. The incidence of osteoarthritis of knee is on a rise because of many factors like complex mechanics of knee joint, high prevalence of obesity and increased life expectancy which leads to increase in number of older individuals. Knee joint is subjected to excessive stress as it is used in almost all activities of daily living. Knee is important for activities like walking, climbing stairs, and rising from a chair, sitting, squatting and other activities. Chronic pain of knee joint may cause inability to perform daily activities.
Rotator cuff injuries are pretty popular and happen to a lot of people. Basically, the two most common types of injury for the rotator cuffs are tears and impingements. Impingements on the shoulder occurs when the soft tissues of your rotator cuff become inflamed and swollen. When this happens, there will be an expansion in size and this will make movement of the shoulders a little bit difficult. This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders.
When the tendon is overused chronically without given adequate time to heal, tendinosis known as Jumper’s Knee can occur in response to the damage. Conventionally, jumper’s knee can be noted as a patellofemoral pain syndrome. The teno-osseous junctions, where the attachments of the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon occur, are the impacted areas under this condition. The described patellar pain affects the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon inserted either into the tibial tuberosity or the patella (Curwin and Stanish, 1984). Thus, by definition, histologically, jumper’s knee
Like these bones can be broken into several pieces and it is called comminuted fracture. Sports injury like running to another player during a soccer, fall while skiing and a fall while ice skating are lower energy injuries that can cause tibial shaft fracture. These fracture are typically caused by a twisting force and result in an oblique or spiral type of fracture. The most common symptoms of tibial shaft fracture are the pain, having a hard time to walk or bear a weight on a leg occasionally loss of the feeling in the foot for treatment the doctor will consider several things like the cause of the injury, your overall health, the extent of soft tissue damaged the harshness of your injury some treatment like nonsurgical treatment may be recommended for patient who are poor surgical candidates due to their overall health problems, have closed fractures with only two major bone fragments and little displacement or a gap those who are less active. The initial treatment these treatment is for the most injuries cause of swelling for the first few weeks.
Unfortunately, I have experienced the most common form of back pain, sciatic nerve pain. OUCH! The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body (1) and is comprised of two nerves, “tibial and common fibular—bound together by a common sheath of connective tissue. It splits into its two divisions, usually at the knee. Injury to the sciatic nerve results in sciatica, pain that may extend from the buttock down the posterior and lateral aspect of the leg and the lateral aspect of the foot” (1).
It’s a weight-bearing joint that straightens bends, twist and rotates. All this motion increases risk of acute or overuse knee injuries. Acute knee injuries including torn ligaments and torn cartilage are often caused by twisting the knee or falling. Sports that involve running
Osteoarthritis Overview: Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease that affects the cartilage that makes up the joints. Among the symptoms of the disease, the most obvious is surely the pain. The person feels the joint stiff and gradually begins to decrease mobility. Generally the causes are unknown. The experts talk about mostly a disease of multifactorial origin, in whose emergence involves several factors.
This type of genu recurvatum could lead to increase damage of soft tissue and genu valgum where the lower legs rotate outwards (Credi, 2014). The third type of genu recurvatum is non-rotatory deformity recurvatum where the ankle and foot are normal just the knee is hyperextended. This type of genu recurvatum produces stress to the posterior soft tissue of the knee (Credi, 2014). There are people who train to become hyperextended because of the advantage it gives them in certain sports. All though the process is dangerous, the athletes that usually train to get genu recurvatum are children
Osteoarthritis is also known as a degenerative joint disease and is the most common form of arthritis. With this type of arthritis, the cushion material, or cartilage, in the joints becomes to wear down. Pain is then caused when bones rub against each other. Stiffness, pain and loss of movement could occur in the joints with this of disease . Osteoarthritis is significant because it could occur in people of all ages and there are a number of risk factors including obesity, high impact sports, joint injuries, weak muscles, genetics and the most common one is the increase in age .
She has had persistent pain since the industrial accident. The attempts to control her symptoms with spinal cord stimulation trial were unsuccessful, which led to infection and removal of abscess. Her left buttock and leg is worse than her back down to her posterior thigh and into the shin. Pain is 3 to 9 in the leg while 1 to 5 in the back. Pain is worse with laying on the left side, walking, or climbing the stairs.