Volleyball Skeletal Structure

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The most vital skeletal structure for most of the volleyball players is the Kneecap. The kneecap/kneepan, also known in Anatomy and Physiology as the Patella, is a small, freestanding, triangular shaped bone that rests between the trochlear groove in front of the Femur (thighbone) and Tibia (shinbone). This moveable bone in front of the knee is referred to as the largest sesamoid bone which is embedded within the tendons that attach muscles to certain joints and its back is lined with the thickest cartilage in the body. It slides up and down in the groove yet edges on either side of the groove, preventing it from moving sideways. Its base is facing proximally and its tip or the Apex Patellae is facing distally. Its anterior and posterior (front and back) surfaces are joined…show more content…
Just like the patellar dislocation, women are more likely to have chondromalacia patella. It is common to adolescents, young adults and often to sporty people. It happens when the kneecap rub against the bone as opposed to gliding over them. This cause little tears in the cartilage which cause torment and get inflamed. Muscle imbalance, poor alignment of the kneecap, overuse of the leg and a flat feet are the reasons why it occurs. Of all the knee injuries, Runner’s knee, also known as Patella Femoral Syndrome or Anterior Knee Pain, is the pain under and around the kneecap. It is caused by a problem with the way the kneecap moves which places extra stress on the cartilage resulting in friction on the back of the knee. There are a number of causes which increase the forces and friction going through the kneecap that results to runner’s knee. Muscle tightness, muscle weakness, foot position, Q angle and also anatomy are some of the reasons why the patella stops from moving

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