Accordingly, in cooperative classrooms, the students are expected to help each other, to discuss and argue with sharing their ideas.it helps to assess each other’s current knowledge and fill in gaps in each other understands. According to Johnson and Johnson (1989) and Colburn (1991) described cooperative learning as one which promotes positive interdependence, face to face promotive interaction, individual accountability, social skills, group processing, shared leadership and responsibility for each
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
1.5 Kohn’s Student Directed Learning Theory Kohn’s student-directed learning theory is an approach to the classroom management which may be particularly effective in the modern classroom environment. Student-directed learning will keep students motivated and teaches them to cooperate with each other sharing responsibilities and functions within their community. Kohn believes that the ideal classroom emphasizes on curiosity and cooperation above all, and that the student’s curiosity should determine what is taught. "Skillful educators tap students ' natural curiosity and desire to become competent. In a learning environment, teachers want to help students engage with what they are doing to promote deeper understanding" (Kohn, 1997c).
“One obvious purpose of effective questioning is to minimize teachers’ and students’ errors by focusing on a particular fact, issue, skill, belief, or whatever” ( Wragg & Brown, 2001, p.27). Hence, questioning effectively can make students become more curious and actively participate in learning process (Fusco, 2015). There are some tactics that teachers need to use in order to question
Kenneth Bruffee’s “The Art of Collaborative Learning: Making the Most of Knowledgeable Peers” discusses the importance of autonomous collaborative learning in classrooms, that is, when multiple individuals work together, and constructively criticize and exchange ideas in order to produce a fruitful product. With autonomy, the instructor fades into the background to allow the students to govern their learning, which circumvents the traditional view of the instructor’s authority in the classroom. Collaborative learning is being integrated into numerous fields of study, as teaching institutions are realizing that students learn best socially. A key idea discussed in the reading is that learning occurs when knowledge is passed between individuals, by which learning and acquisition of knowledge are both social processes. The author
We also become capable of self assessment. In my opinion, by gaining all these information we improve our professional development. We enhance the teaching and learning process. Peer Observation is the observation of teachers by teachers, usually, though on a joint basis. Pairings may be mentor/novice or experienced teacher/ experienced teacher.
Multiple means of assessment means feedback can be delivered in a wide range of methods, in an age and contextually appropriate and also timely, manner. Immediate, whole class discussions following exams, self-evaluations through the use of a journal or pre-made evaluation sheet, and peer feedback, which prompts a collaborative model for learning, are all feedback tools teachers can use throughout assessment in order to improve student learning (Brand, Favazza and Dalton, 2012). It is possible to use Multiple Means of Assessment in the unit ‘Place and liveability’ in a variety of ways. For one assessment task, students are asked to act as town planners. It is here that the task of the assessment can be adjusted so students have the choice to create a written report, deliver an oral report, create a visual art piece or use technology to deliver their understanding for assessment.
I can teach to the divergent learner by building the bond that they need. Taking the time to become their educational partner. I can actively engage the class in group discussions to really hook the divergent learner. The assimilating learner will need a guide; which I can do since I like to break down complex issues. I will provide them organized lectures and different perspectives to topics being discussed in class.
Also, how a teacher interacts with coworkers can play into their hierarchal place amongst colleagues. It is crucial to have open communication with faculty, so that you gain respect and support. This is also mirrored in how we interacted in each other, since were in a sense coworkers. Thus, I set out to see how my clinical