It plays a major role in our day to day life. “ Language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We use language to inform the people around us of what we feel, what we desire, and for questioning and understanding the world around us. We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation” (Science museum). After the language started to evolve and involve with the everyday life of human beings, it started developing day by day.
According to some researchers language is a medium of communication, power and expression of feeling. However, according to Graddol, Cheshire and Swann (1994, p.3), the real definition about what is language still unclear and ambiguity until today. Next, the uniqueness about human language is it dominant our life since we born. It is the distinctive between the human and animals. According to Selvarajah (n.d.), animals do not use language but only produce sound.
THAT’S NOT WHAT I MEANT! Ever since the dawn of time, language has been a key asset in the evolution of culture and humanity. Culture can be explained as connection built upon language and civilization, which language is practiced by civilization to give or exchange ideas of some kind. Culture and language are both essentials for one another. Both culture and language rely on each other, because both impact one another.
Many people would agree that language is something that makes people conscious beings. A person can use it for communication, an essential tool for sharing ideas that massively contributed to the development of the human civilization. Moreover, there are many ways to express oneself with a help of words. Furthermore, the quality of language depends on knowledge. If a person knows words, definitions, language structure, can read and write, it gives an individual an immense scope of possibilities, from reading books to writing letters, as well as delivering speeches.
Seeing as language is a way of one expressing itself we can connect language to identity. As in order for one to demonstrate itself we have to be able to express our feelings and emotions and we do so through communication. Some characteristics of language is that it's dynamic, meaning that it changes constantly for example, the English people speak now is not the same English that people used to speak hundreds of years before. Language changes and modernizes itself in order to evolve and has many variations through dialects. Different language communities have certain ways of talking that will set them apart from others and those differences are known as dialects.
In the four areas of knowledge - science, math, history, and art - language is a medium by which theories are created and communicated. With that being said, language is a tool, similar to the to the air we breath, that surrounds us completely, of which we are rarely conscious of. Language has a tendency of being ambiguous and vague. Language has different roles in each area of knowledge; while it is indispensable to history and science, language is less important in math and art.
2.10.2. Three Functions of Language The linguist Michael Halliday (1994) pointed out that whenever we use language we are always doing three things at once: 1. We are in some way representing the world - the ideational function of language; 2. We are creating, ratifying or negotiating our relationships with the people with whom we are communicating - the interpersonal function of language; 3. We are joining sentences and ideas together in particular ways to form cohesive and coherent texts - the textual function of language.
Language is the primary way by which we conduct our social lives and communicate with one another. And in terms of communication, language is intertwined with culture and identity. The words people speak refer to shared experiences. The words used express ideas, events, facts, and really anything because they are connected to a base set of knowledge which everyone a part of the culture knows and understands. Members of a linguistic community do not only convey experience, they construct it.
Norms and institutions change with the time and add new things in it and taking multiple forms according to social context. Language have very important factor in creating world communities. Language functions as an instrument used for normalizing the worldviews. Through language identities are created and maintained, and as such, language is never neutral. From the social constructivists view ‘’terrorism’’ is constructed by some special group who want to achieve some particular goals through some instruments.
introduction Universal truth - the language does not remain unchanged. It changes, evolves according to definite laws. Changes in language - the internal laws of language development. There are external factors influencing the development of language - the geographical discoveries, war and conquest, migration, changes in the life of the country and society. To understand the current state of the language, its grammatical forms, phonetic structure, vocabulary, every phenomenon of the modern language should be considered as a specific result of a long historical development.