One way Native American civilizations adapted to where the settled was by changing their way of getting food by going through the Agricultural Revolution. This was a period when many people went from hunting and gathering by moving around and going wherever their sources of food, animals, went to planting/raising crops so that they were in villages (one place at a time). Many built areas, like the Olmec who made the first big city Teotihucán, and structures, like the Maya and Toltec who built pyramids which led to the ideas of other places. The Aztec defeated cities around them by the power of their militaries and their ceremonies—this led to the Aztec ruling an abundance of people.
In the 17th centuries early settlers came to America in the hope of taking their custom and traditions forward. However, the environment and geography brought changes to their lifestyles. Soon, people became to alter their pattern of living in the different colonies. During the 17th and 18th centuries, geography and the environment profoundly influenced the economic development and overall health and success of the two regions called the Chesapeake and the New England, which began to form in the early 17th century.
American History Assignment # 6 What were some of the key characteristics of the Antebellum South? Why were these significant? The colonies along the east side of United States during the “plantation era” became known as the New England, the middle and the southern colonies.
In 1793, Eli Whitney transformed the slave culture and cotton economy with his new machine; the cotton gin. It separates the cotton fibers from its seeds. This allows for fifty times more cotton production bouncing from thousands of bales to millions of bales by 1850. Prices rose as well. Before his machine, slaves were used to pick and separate cotton, but it would take 10 hours to remove the seeds in order to get a pound of lint.
The Invention of the cotton gin greatly affected the growth of the south in the 1800s. It did so in many ways including effecting the souths economy, and causing the south to have a much higher demand for slaves. Eli Whitney’s invention revolutionized the cotton industry and caused it to grow and prosper. Because of this the south became a huge producer in the cotton industry causing the economy to skyrocket. One reason why Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin boosted the souths economy was the fact that it made cotton production much faster.
Slavery grow rapidly in the southern colonies than the northern colonies for the reason that southern colonies slave work year round to grow crop like rice, they have the ideal season for work year round that the northern colonies didn’t have. For example on page 75 “ Unlike cultivating wheat or corn in the north, growing rice demanded backbreaking year- round labor, slave had to clear the swampy lowlands in winter, build dykes to keep seawater out of the fields, and plant rice in shallow trenches in the spring. In late summer, the harvested the crop. In the fall, they pounded the rice kernels with wooden mortals and pestles. Come wintertime they turned the soil to prepare it for a new round of planting.
“Necessity is the mother of all invention.” Cotton labor conducted by slaves was arduous and took long periods of time. A necessity for a faster way to separate the cotton seeds from the fiber evolved because it would take slaves laborious hours to created small amounts of cotton. In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin and patented it a year later which mechanized the cotton process. This had the benefit of lowering the price of cotton production and removing slaves from that part of the process.
Throughout history, people have been inventing things to make their lives easier. That drive has produced huge changes in the American life several times over. In the 1700’s, life in America was very difficult. Transportation infrastructure was lacking, which pushed the delivery of goods to be almost exclusively down rivers. Military technology was roughly unchanged since America began, leaving the country open to attack from other nations.
Notably, economic causes were major predicaments during the American civil war. These were the grounds of the civil war that affected the two regions in many ways. Within time, economic variations developed vastly between the two parts of the two regions. The Southern states depended much on farming than in industrialization. After the invention of the Cotton Gin, there as a greater necessity for persons and property, thus this made cotton the chief year’s produce of the South.
Throughout all of human history, advances in technology have sparked changes in society. From the stone tools of the early humans to today’s smartphones, technology has influenced history and helped shape the world to its current form. One historical period that featured significant advances in technology was the Industrial Revolution, which occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries (“Industrial Revolution” 615). During this period, much of Europe and the United States began to shift away from agriculture towards manufacturing, disrupting the existing economy and society and setting the stage for the modern world. Three technological advances of the Industrial Revolution that profoundly transformed American society were the cotton gin, which
The establishment of the Carolina colony, later separated into North and South Carolina, was the introduction of widespread slave labor in the English colonies. They had been used in Virginia for years prior, but other then that it was a new development. Slave labor was used on large plantations where the slaves tended to labor intensive crops completely against their will. The conditions in which they were brought over were just as bad, if not worse then the slave labor itself. Nearly one fifth of slaves brought over on ships died on those ships.