The captains of the ship completely disregarded the rights of the slaves as they were treated as “black cattle” (James Irving, letter to Mary Irving 1786) and that the “kings and principal men bred Negroes for sale as [they] [did] cattle” (Alexander Falcolnbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa 1790). This demonstrates the crude treatment the slaves encountered whilst on the ships as they were often compared to cattle. However, the African slaves were not the only people experiencing this treatment. The sailors and crew on the ship consistently faced hardships from the captains. Many fell ill to the diseases that were passed around by the slaves while still experiencing abuse from the captains themselves
Throughout the southern states of America, slaves were forced into unfair and inhumane living conditions. They were made to do hard labor in the fields or in the houses of their masters under the threat of abuse or even death. Nonetheless, slaves managed to create their own culture and lives under this oppressive lifestyle. Many bonded together to achieve some semblance of personal freedom even confined by the numerous restrictions of a prejudiced country. Although slaves were forced into a life they did not ask for they still managed to produce their own culture and make their lives better through religion, music, language, family relations, and even freedom movements.
Also as adults died their kids would also take their place as well because the children of slaves were also enslaved, so when they old enough to do and learn the basics of slave labor they would be put to work too. Owners did not have to pay wages, house them or feed the slaves properly, because the owners knew that they already owned them as property, so they did not have to pay them. The owners only had to feed the slaves enough so that they could work the next day. The living conditions of the slaves were horrendous, they pretty much lived on top of one and another in small quarters that were located in the backyard of the house of the owners. Similar to the treatment of indentured servants, slaves were being harassed and
Two ways a man can be enslaved are by force and by manipulation, to make one think that good will come out of doing what the master’s demands. Religion was used to control the minds of the slaves by manipulating slaves to be obedient and appreciative of their masters. What white slave owners did was almost similar to the Catholic clergy’s actions before the Reformation. They didn’t allow slaves to go to church themselves because they feared rebellion and slave owners would preach the “gospel” or hire someone. The attitudes towards whites differs between slaves who had been captured and brought from Africa to those born in America because native Africans had hatred towards the whites and had no value towards them.
Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
It can be argued that slavery in Latin America was not only more common; but also more brutal. Their lives were short and they were expected to live from five to six years, which was considered a large profit to the slave owners, as they were able to purchase new and healthier slaves with no financial loss. They were also heavily mistreated; being forced to work for hours under the scorching sun, with terrible living conditions and poor nutrition. Slaves were seen as barely human, and the loss of one only meant the loss of the slave owner’s financial gain. Sugar was produced by the masses, but it cost thousands of human lives.
Slavery in the south was the spine of the workforce at the time, binding the slaveholder to a certain amount of profit that was possible. As shown “Rain or shine, work or no work, at the end of each week the money must be forthcoming, or I must give up my privilege”(Douglass 104). Even though slavery was a system that seemed profitable, instead it was a system that reduced the industrial and economic power of the south and of the slaveholder. Consequently the slave was paid in basic human needs. For example “Here,too, the slaves of all other farms received their monthly allowance of food, and their yearly clothing”(Douglass 9).
In the 18th century, plantation owners relied on two types of labor: slavery and indentured servitude. Based on advertisements from runaway slaves and servants a fair amount can be interpreted about their lives. One similar experience is the value that their masters place upon the return of runaways. However, their experiences differed in terms of the personal clothing owned and the reality of freeom. For plantation owners, the exploited labor provided by servants and slaves was highly valued and the return of escaped individuals was worth fair compensation.
Poor slaveholders were looked down on and did things such as getting female slaves just to breed them. They knew the slaves getting pregnant and having kids would enhance their wealth. Whether they were poor or wealthy, slaveholders were malicious towards the slave. Slaves were beaten, tortured and
When Americans think about slavery, they think about “Africans” being brought to the New World against their will. Upon their arrival they were sold, like livestock, as property of white slave owners. Smallwood expands on this idea and describes how slaves were chosen, “as they do horses in a market; the strongest, youth fullest, and most beautiful, yield the greatest prices” (Smallwood, p.158). Often seen as cattle or horses, slaves were chained up and sold for manual labor, mechanizing their humanity and objectifying them as animals who are corralled into tight spaces for transportation across the sea. This was to maximize