Slavery was the most brutal institution in American history that existed from the early 17th century until now. When the Civil War ended there were more than 4 million african americans slaves in the united states. THe slaves were in harsh living conditions because they did not enjoyed any rights of freedom. Native Americans were the first enslaved people in North America. Most Indian slaves were women and children either purchased or captured as prizes in warfare.
The Reconstruction is the first thing I would talk about. I believe many people still have the impression that once slaves were freed in the South, that was it—all of a sudden everything was great for them, when in reality, they were essentially still slaves. I never knew about the black codes, vagrant laws, and sharecropping that took place in the South until this class. Slavery is covered as early as 7th grade, and I believe that the Reconstruction period following it is a significant enough event that it should be addressed sooner, perhaps in high school, so even those who choose to not attend college have the chance to hear about it.
Most people in the Americas have always thought as racism as something that has been around ever since the creation of language, but that is simply not the case. In fact, the idea of slavery is almost as young as the creation of the United States of America. Slavery has many different roots that can be traced back to the first indentured servants and popular cultures at the time. At the time, all races were treated equally and fairly as humans. There was almost no bias to any of the races in the Americas at the time, however, this all changed when the richest class of people separated the races from the poorer class from each other, making a divide.
The Civil Rights Movement began during World War II as a fight for African Americans to earn their full rights, fight against segregation, and discrimination. When people hear the phrase " Civil Rights Movement", they automatically think of Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Junior only, but this movement has true history behind it. The 1950s pose a lot of different obstacles for blacks fighting for their rights that had already been granted for non-blacks. World War II had a major impact with the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The war allowed African-Americans to become visually aware of rights granted to blacks overseas.
In the seventeenth century life was harsh for the southern colonies. Many were killed due to diseases on the Chesapeake land, and families were so small that the men outnumbered the women. The tobacco economy used the American servants for hard labor, who wanted to become landowners and become wealthy in the future. Slaves soon began to be imported from Africa in the late 1600s, and became important for the economy. In the South, slaves died fast, but soon the numbers of them expanded by reproduction, and later they developed an African-American way of living.
In the South, the vast majority slaveholders were persuaded that their slaves might stay steadfast should them. A few did, yet the larger part crossed Uni lines as before long Likewise, northern troops entered their region. A confederate all stated in 1862 that North Carolina might have been losing give or take A million dollars consistently due to the fleeing slaves.
Second, as years goes by slavery and race became closely linked. Furthermore, slavery was one of the reasons about racism. Racism is a faulty treatment against others because of their disparate race. Slavery was also establish by the race of people. The first slaves in this world were the Native Americans and then the Africans.
During the 1800s, slavery had become a hot topic in the United States, even though many did not even want to have the discussion about it. However, as we gained more land in the Mexican War slavery had to be addressed because the new territories were going to create an imbalance between the free and slave states. This imbalance would favor the South more than the North and give slavery the opportunity to spread further. Northerners, of course, did not agree with the idea of slavery spreading and worked to have legislation passed to support their perspective. Still, the legislation and the courts’ decision of cases related towards this matter, such as the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act angered both the North and South and increased the sectionalism between them.
During the period of the 19th century Africans Americans were held captive because their rights as citizens had always been out of there possession. Freedom was no option until Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 which declared that “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” (Archives.org, 1999). The 13th amendment was passed by the U.S. Senate on April 8, 1864, but unfortunately it died because the House of Representatives rallied for States rights. The ratification of the amendment came about 8 months after the civil war, but it represented the highest of the struggle against slavery.
The New York Historical Society (n.d.) states, “historically New York has been considered the capital of American liberty, hosting monuments devoted to freedom and promoting economic ambition as well as diversity; however, it is also, paradoxically, the capital of American slavery.” Slavery in New York started in the 1600s when the Dutch West India Company brought African slaves to what is today New York (GSA, n.d.). During the 17th and 18th-century, slavery was considered an investment and according to the New York Historical Society (n.d.), “almost every businessman in the 18th-century had a stake in the traffic of human beings.” Slaves improved the economy, they produced sugar, tobacco, indigo, coffee, chocolate, and cotton, which permitted