This tactic was only used to justify the use of slavery in the US and Europe. ¨”Ideas of Africans as inferior, backwards and barbaric can be traced back to those justifying slavery in the 18th century.” (Theguardian.com, David Olusoga) Many other rivaling countries testified at the thought of slavery, but the Europeans and Americans always stated that the Africans were nothing worth fighting for and that they were just as wild as a dog. Even after the “end” of mainstream slavery in the United States, the government created more laws that mainly affected the African Americans of the Nation. Some extremely outrageous laws were created that only affected 10% of the white population at the time. Some laws that affected them are if you steal something as insignificant as a nail, you will get 5 years in jail.
From the 1600s, African Americans were treated as slaves for white people. They had a very difficult life in their way of living. In 1861 the north were against having slaves, but the south wanted to allow slavery. Then the Civil War between the North and South began. Finally, the North won, and the slaves became free.
In the following paper I will discuss how the African American, who came as slaves to America, has fought over the centuries to achieve equality in a white society that discriminated them. I will show how abolitionists like Fredrick Douglass and W.E.B Du Bois used literature to fight the preconceptions about the black people. The black man and woman have always had struggles in America, difficulty to assimilate into a society that is mainly made of white people. "Twenty years after Columbus reached the New World, African Negroes, transported by Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese traders, were arriving in the Caribbean Islands. Almost all came as slaves" (Messner, 2.)
The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on July 28, 1868. The amendment granted citizenship to everyone who was born or naturalized in the United States, which included former slaves and African Americans who were freed after the Civil War. Also, the amendment allowed African Americans to be treated equally as all other citizens. However, the Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws, and the result of the Plessy v. Ferguson case took away these rights that were guaranteed to African Americans. After the Union won the Civil War, slaves were given freedom, but African Americans were not completely free.
These writings provide a better understanding to how slaves were treated, and how it contradicts the Bible. A majority of those who were in slavery were there by force or birth. Many believe that slavery was only in America, and the only slaves were Africans, but this is false thinking. Slavery has occurred within every nation and every race has been a slave at one time. Booker T. Washington gives the best
Edmund Morgan, the author of Slavery and Freedom, wrote about the American contradiction. The fact that Thomas Jefferson, and other political leaders of the American Revolution, said “all men are created equal,” yet owned slaves themselves. “How did England, who prided themselves on liberty of their citizens, produce colonies who controlled lives that were not their own?” Morgan questioned and argued how they created such an effort to keep human liberty and respect intact, while at the same time continue with the labor of slaves, stripping them of their own liberty and self-worth every day. How could all men be equal when a large portion of the population were not having the same equal rights and were owned? Edmund Morgan explains that when Thomas Jefferson writes this famous
Western Civilization was formed by the help of many different things and one of them is the American Domestic Slave Trade of the 1800’s. Most people have been taught that the American Domestic Slave Trade started in the early 1800’s but it was actually proven to have started in the 1760’s during the African Slave Trade. The American Domestic Trades climax point was during the periods between 1787-1807. During the 1860’s the Domestic Trade continued and forced 1.2 men, women, and children (born in America) to the shores. One of the most important resources used for agriculture during the Domestic Trades was cotton.
North American history has a reputation as a beacon of freedom and diversity from the colonial period. The mid-eighteenth century was home to a remarkable diversity of people and different social organizations. Slavery diversity and liberty are few of the many consequences that made history. Slavery spread throughout America when Europeans forced people from Africa to come to North America in the late 1600s to serve as slaves. By the mid 1800s most slaves lived in the South of United States.
The slavery in colonial America started around 1600 with indentured slaves, but after some time, people were often sold and bought unintentional. In 1619, the first African slaves arrived in Virginia and by 1820, almost four Africans for every European had crossed the Atlantic. In the late 1800‘s around 12.5 million slaves had been shipped from Africa, and 10.5 million had arrived in America. Prices of slaves varied a lot over time, and it was expensive to own a slave, but it was gainful. In order to make sure the effectiveness of slaves, most slave owners supplied only the bare minimum of food and shelter needed for the slaves to survive and then forced them to work twenty-four hours a day.
Slavery & Politics in the Early American Republic by Matthew Mason, gives a detailed analysis on the role slavery and slave representation played on sectionalism and politics in the Early American Republic. Mason writes about the growth in anti-slave efforts after the Quakers were the first and only organized anti-slave groups in colonial America. There had been no discontinuation in discussion about slavery from the revolution to the Civil War. Mason’s thesis states that the argument that the Missouri Crisis started the fight between the North and South on the issue of slavery. Mason believes that it started much longer before this with events like the American Revolution, the War of 1812, Constitutional Contentions, along with the Missouri
People of color were long decided that they were not pure. Moreover in 1661 a law was passed that stated if a white servant run away with a negro they were given special services for extra years to the master of the runaway negro, because servants white or black worked together and did not see black and white. And in 1691 there was a ban in interracial marriages, a white man or woman was not to marry a Negro, Indian and mulatoo even If they were free. All these laws described above were passed during a labor intensive time in Virginia, were black slaves worked more, were treated harshly just like the negro Emmanuel and were considered property of the master who did as he saw fit if the slave misbehaved. In the article written by Omi and Winant they describe the first step of racial formation theory as, “ A process of historically situated projects in which human bodies and social structure are presented and organized.”(Pg.
The English settlers treated these captives as servant’s and released them after a few years. As servants were freed there became a growing problem of replacing them. As a result, in 1641 the first colony legalized slavery. Other colonies followed passing laws that passed slavery on to the children of slaves and making non-Christian imports
Although by the late eighteenth century slavery was disappearing from Connecticut the 1790 census indicates that a considerable number of free African American families continued to live in households that were headed by whites. Likely due to the economic and social struggle that remained, however in the town of Fairfield the census contained two households headed by non-whites. One of these two families headed by Sarah Hubbard had been independent since 1769. While most of Connecticut’s African Americans gained their freedom as slavery was abolished the Hubbards do not fit this pattern.
After the emancipation most slaves made their marriages official. The Fourteenth Amendment was ratified in 1868. The United States were guaranteed citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States and granted them federal civil rights. Before this time the freemen were just considered men brought to America to be slaves. The slaves thought this was the only way of life.
Slavery and freedom go hand in hand, people have been fighting for their freedom the minute they became slaves. Race became a concept when the English settlers first met the Native Americans, race became connected to freedom and slavery the minute Africans were illegally brought in and