Starvation was a common form of resistance onboard the slave ships. Usually, if one slave refused to eat, others would follow. Slave captains punished those who refused to eat severely. Doctor Alexander Falconbridge recalls the ruthless methods of punishment: Upon the negroes refusing to take food, I have seen coals of fire, glowing hot, put on a shovel and placed so near their lips as to scorch and burn them. And this has been accompanied with threats of forcing them to swallow coals if they persisted in refusing to eat…I have also been credibly informed that a certain captain in the slave trade, poured melted lead on such of his negroes as he obstinately refused to eat.
Irony is one of the rhetorical devices in which it it uncovers the difference between the truth and something expected. Predominantly, it detects the misconceptions or the unfairness of a specific situation. (http://figurativelanguage.net/Irony.html) Most of the time, Frederick Douglass used irony in order to uncover the defect in the reasoning of the issue of slavery. For instance, in the third chapter, Douglass made a description about the obssesive care of his previous master named Colonel Lloyd on his horses. Lloyd was beating his slaves in charge of taking care for the horses when they made any mistake.
The conditions of a slave ship in the colonial-slave era was compared to a slaughter house. Equiano illustrates, “The shrieks of the women, and the groans of dying, rendered the whole scene of horror almost inconceivable” which gives readers a glimpse of the desperation and brutally that he mostly experienced and watched throughout his “middle passage” across the Atlantic to the
In a way, Beloved starts feeding on Sethe, on her guilt, eventually draining out everything from her. Beloved is not just a repressed memory. She is a representation for the entire community. Not only Sethe’s remorse are symbolized by her actions, but the collective suffering of slaves during that time. Morrison basically targets, attempts of rape and sexual assault on slaves as the most terrifying form of abuse.
Frederick Douglass’ Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself and Harriet Jacobs’ Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl discusses how slavery dehumanizes and breaks down an individual to no worth. Douglass’ and Jacobs’ accounts are similar because they lecture against slavery with the work and obstacles they went through. Jacobs says, “For years, my master had done his utmost to pollute my mind with foul images, and to destroy the pure principles inculcated by my grandmother, and the good mistress of my childhood. The influences of slavery had the same effect on me that they had on other young girls; they had made me prematurely knowing, concerning the evil ways of the world.” (827) Jacobs explains that slavery has attempted to take a toll on her life with its physical, emotional, and mental abuse. Women in slavery were mistreated sexually as well, and in this case, Jacobs faced sexual oppression at a young age.
Even worst, Marlow frequently saw the Africans were being beaten by the European when the carrying packages fall to the ground (Enas Subhi, 2010). Here, the description of Marlow towards the Europe attitudes when they enslaved the natives brutally displays that the situation was totally terrible. Marlow also illustrated the African situation at that time was a hard life and it indicates that Marlow was sympathy towards
Since the beginning of slavery, resistance has been a dominant feature. Whether it was in Africa, during the middle passage or when they had finally arrived in the Caribbean, resistance towards this way of life, has been inevitable and ubiquitous. The harsh and inhumane treatment meted out by slave owners, provided slaves justifiable reasons to resist it. Significant accounts of backbreaking labor, harsh treatment, and deplorable living conditions fueled great resentment on the part of slaves. This view is well supported in the literature which suggests that wherever men and women felt they were in captivity, they resisted strongly.
Under this circumstance, this signifies that police officer treats black people with hostility. This hostility act from the police officer towards Oscar Grant reminds me of the former slavery. In the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Douglass reveals the story of a slave named Demby, who was shot by his master because he was trying to escape from the torture of Mr.Gore (Chapter 4). At this point, Grant is the resemblance of Demby when he was shot. Demby was scared and afraid that he decided not to obey the slave owner because he thought that by giving up his body to the master could get him into a greater torture, thus, he decided to go against his master’s order.
The societal pressure to believe in the institution of slavery has a strong effect on Huck, distorting his views and causing him to start out racist. Society’s norms have a great influence over the people in Huck’s world. At this time, most people held racist idealogies. The people Huck was surrounded by believed that slaves were nothing more than property, and the color of their skin was something that detrmined their worth. As Huck was brought up, he was taught these ideals of society.
The middle passage was a sea journey by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies and Americas from 1601-1857 (University). The first successful African author, Olaudah Equiano (Donaldson) portrays the vivid details and personalizes these destructive forces of slave trading during the middle passage. In his narrative, Equiano influenced British abolitionists, as well as European slave masters, and convicted them of their wrongdoing. Slave trading during the middle passage was the most destructive thing to happen within the African culture because of the harsh physical and psychological effects, inhumane treatment, and dehumanization of slaves. Equiano’s enslavement lasted from 1756 – 1766.
Equiano described the horrors of a slave ship based on his firsthand experience. He describes what it was like to be thrown onto a ship, the indescribable smell of being crammed on the deck with so many other slaves, and the floggings he and the other slaves received for not eating. The slaves were so tightly packed together the air was dangerous to breath, and many of the slaves became sick and died from it, while others suffocated to death. Men were pushed to the brink of starvation, tried to steal food, and were severely flogged for it. Others tried to jump overboard and drown rather than accept their life of misery.
The Atlantic Slave Trade was the movement of Africans to the Americas as slaves. The slave trader, Captain Thomas Phillip in document B he says “ We endure twice the misery; and yet by their mortality our voyages are ruined.”(Phillips). He is saying that they are dying and that it isn’t a good thing, but for a different reason. He also says “But what the smallpox spared, the flux swept off, to our great regret, after all our pains and care to give [the slaves] their messes,... keeping their lodgings as clean and sweet as possible…”(Phillips). That is saying the conditions that they live in and how they “try” to keep it clean.
Many of the sailors were accurately portrayed by their actions, by throwing slaves into the ocean, flogging, beaten, tortured, and other forms of cruel punishment. “Alexander Falconbridge was a surgeon on slave ships in the 18th century. An abolitionist and governor himself is guilty of all the violent attacks towards slaves. A disgraces to human nature, and profound language were brutal examples sailors often used towards slaves.” ( First Hand; Accounts Study). This is an example of history because many crew members hated slaves, which clearly bleeds through their thoughts and language.
Let us begin with George, Celia’s understandably treacherous slave lover, and his unreasonable demands that set Celia’s case into motion. George’s actions are an example of the common frustration and desperation of slave men who had no control over the sexual abuse of their loved ones by white masters (McLaurin 139-140). His was a reaction to a smoldering attack upon his masculinity, an attack that was a direct result of the dehumanization upon which slavery rested. Because the South was a slave society, this master-slave relationship structure echoed throughout every other aspect of southern life (Faragher, 204 & 215). In Celia’s case, we see this truth through Virginia and Mary Newsom’s position of powerlessness.
He shows his position of slavery on page 3 when Douglass states, “ Master, however, was not a humane slaveholder. It required extraordinary barbarity on the part of an overseer to affect him. He was a cruel man, hardened by a long life of slaveholding.” This quote supports Douglass’s position on slavery because it shows that the man was cruel and this was the effect of being a slaveholder. The second time he shows his position on slavery is when Douglass states on page 22, “My mistress was, as I have said, a kind and tender-hearted woman... Slavery soon proved its ability to divest her of these heavenly qualities. Under its influence, the tender heart became stone, and the lamblike disposition gave way to one of tiger-like fierceness… She was an apt woman; and a little experience soon demonstrated, to her satisfaction, that education and slavery were incompatible with each other.” This quote supports Douglass’s position because it shows how at first she was kind when she didn’t experience slavery but, once she did she became a malicious woman.